Sacraments may be given outside the Church, they are, in reality, Catholic
Sacraments. For example all valid baptisms, even if given outside the Church,
are actually Catholic Sacraments "being used unlawfully" (St. Augustine) by
heretics and schismatics. Furthermore, the illustrious St. Augustine, Doctor of
the Church, has taught that Sacraments which are received outside the Church –
even if they are truly Sacraments – are not profitable for salvation unless the
recipient returns to the one true Church of Christ, the Catholic Church...
Sacrament) does not profit the receivers while they receive it in heresy (or
schism), consenting with the heretics (or schismatics)..." (St. Augustine,
Doctor of the Church)
therefore, whatever men have that belongs to the Church, it profits them nothing
towards salvation outside the Church." (St. Augustine, Doctor of the Church)
"Outside the Church baptism can be put in you but it cannot avail you (inesse
potuit, non prodesse)." (St. Augustine, Doctor of the Church)
course, for those Sacraments which require priestly powers, they are much
less likely to be found outside the Church since they may only be conferred by
validly ordained priests. And even if a man who remains outside the Catholic
Church does somehow have valid orders (e.g. a priest that 'left the priesthood'
for a heretical sect), his inappropriate administration of the Sacraments would
"Consequently, since the Church deprives heretics, schismatics and the like, by
withdrawing their subjects from them either altogether or in some respect, in so
far as they are thus deprived, they cannot have the use of the keys [priestly
powers]... Wherefore, just as, were a heretic to be without wheaten bread, he
could not consecrate, so neither can a prelate absolve if he be deprived of his
authority, yet he can baptize and consecrate, albeit to his own damnation." (St.
Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of
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