As stated in the Catechism of Pope St. Pius X...
Q. Can the
civil authority dissolve the bonds of Christian marriage by divorce?
A. No, the bond
of Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by the civil authority, because the
civil authority cannot interfere with the matter of the sacrament nor can it put
asunder what God has joined together.
"The bond of
Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power." (Baltimore
"Can. 1118 A
ratified and consummated valid marriage can be dissolved by no human power and
for no cause, outside of death." (1917 Code of Canon Law)
"Can. 1141 A
marriage that is ratum et consummatum can be dissolved by no human power and by
no cause, except death." (1983 Code of Canon Law)
granted by courts of justice or by any human power does not break the bond of
marriage, and one who makes use of such a divorce to marry again while the
'former' husband or wife lives commits a sacrilege and lives in the sin of
adultery. A civil divorce...has no effect whatever upon the bond and spiritual
nature of the Sacrament." (Baltimore Catechism)
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