the term used to describe the changing of the substance of bread and wine into
the body and blood of Christ. As defined...
"TRANSUBSTANTIATION. The mode by which, according to the infallible teaching of
the Church, Christ's presence in the Eucharist is brought about. The word is
defined by the Council of Trent as 'the wonderful and singular conversion of the
whole substance of the bread into the Body of Christ and of the whole substance
of the wine into the Blood, the species of bread and wine alone remaining' (sess.
xiii, can. 2). This means that both the matter and form of the bread and wine
cease to be; that the Body and Blood begin to be in a new way; and that the
common bond between these two pairs of terms is the species... The singularity
of the eucharistic conversion lies in the change of the whole substance, matter
and form, and to this there is no parallel in nature." (Catholic Dictionary)
Transubstantiation occurs at Mass at the consecration. It is a dogma of the faith that must be
"If any one
saith that in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist the substance of
the bread and wine remains conjointly with the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus
Christ, and denieth that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole
substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine
into the Blood - the species only of the bread and wine remaining - which
conversion indeed the Catholic Church most aptly calls transubstantiation; let
him be anathema." (Council of Trent)
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