As stated in the
Catechism of the Council of Trent...
so contained, whole and entire, under either species, that, as under the species
of bread are contained not only the body, but also the blood and Christ entire;
so in like manner, under the species of wine are truly contained not only the
blood, but also the body and Christ entire."
Regarding that the
separate consecration of the of wine, note that this...
in a more lively manner the Passion of our Lord, in which His blood was
separated from His body; and hence in the form of consecration we commemorate
the shedding of His blood." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)
Note that the separate
consecration of the bread & wine is in accordance with the manner in which Jesus
provided the Holy Eucharist at the Last Supper.
+ + +
"Here the pastor
should explain that in this Sacrament are contained not only the true body of
Christ and all the constituents of a true body, such as bones and sinews, but
also Christ whole and entire. He should point out that the word Christ
designates the God-man, that is to say, one Person in whom are united the divine
and human natures; that the Holy Eucharist, therefore, contains both, and
whatever is included in the idea of both, the Divinity and humanity whole and
entire, consisting of the soul, all the parts of the body and the blood,- all of
which must be believed to be in this Sacrament. In heaven the whole humanity is
united to the Divinity in one hypostasis, or Person; hence it would be impious,
to suppose that the body of Christ, which is contained in the Sacrament, is
separated from His Divinity." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)
are contained in the Sacrament because they are united to those which are
expressed in the form. For instance, the words This is my body, which comprise
the form used to consecrate the bread, signify the body of the Lord, and hence
the body itself of Christ the Lord is contained in the Eucharist by virtue of
the Sacrament. Since, however, to Christ's body are united His blood, His soul,
and His Divinity, all of these also must be found to coexist in the Sacrament;
not, however, by virtue of the consecration, but by virtue of the union that
subsists between them and His body. All these are said to be in the Eucharist by
virtue of concomitance. Hence it is clear that Christ, whole and entire, is
contained in the Sacrament; for when two things are actually united, where one
is, the other must also be." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)
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