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Copyright © 2012, B.F.S. All rights reserved. Newsletter - April, 2012 [Plain text version]

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+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Newsletter - April, 2012

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* Greetings

* MCS News & Notes

* The Month of April: Dedicated to the Holy Eucharist

* Resources For Holy Week & Easter

* 'Easter Thoughts'

* Liturgical Feasts in April

* 'Catholic Trivia'

* Defending the Faith: "Apologetics Brief" - How Can Jesus be God Since Jesus Said the Father is Greater Than He Is and Since Christ Admitted to Not Knowing Something? What About the Other Indications That Christ Was Human or That He Had a Separate Will Than God?

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Dear Friend,

"May the Lord of peace himself give you peace at all times and in every way." (2 Thes. 3:16)

We send our greetings & best wishes to all subscribers and other visitors during this most holy time of the year. This year, April will begin with Holy Week and proceed forward to the great joy of Easter. Some important dates in April include...

4/1/12 - Palm Sunday

4/4/12 - Spy Wednesday

4/5/12 - Maundy Thursday (Holy Thursday)

4/6/12 - Good Friday

4/7/12 - Holy Saturday (Easter Vigil)

4/8/12 - Easter Sunday

4/15/12 - Low Sunday (Quasimodo Sunday) (T) | Divine Mercy Sunday (N)

We hope you will be showered with many graces and blessings during this especially holy time of the year.

God grant you & yours a blessed Holy Week followed by a joyous & blessed Easter,

Your Friends at

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"They were on the way, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus went ahead of them. They were amazed, and those who followed were afraid. Taking the Twelve aside again, he began to tell them what was going to happen to him. 'Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and hand him over to the Gentiles who will mock him, spit upon him, scourge him, and put him to death, but after three days he will rise.'" (Mk. 10:32-34)

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MCS News & Notes

* Will you be traveling for Easter? Need to locate a parish or Mass time? Don't forget our 'locate a Mass' links page at (or alternately at ) [Note: These URL shortcuts both redirect to ]

* We will soon be preparing for our Fourth Annual Rosary Week. Please plan to join us by praying the Rosary each day of the week (from 10/22/12 through 10/28/12) for the indicated intentions. A sign up sheet should be available shortly.

* Reminder: If you pray the Divine Mercy novena, you may want to verify that your version has not been altered to eliminate "offensive" words (e.g. heretics, schismatics, "prison of Purgatory", etc.). Even though it has been alleged that the Divine Mercy novena came from Christ, some have edited out words deemed 'offensive'. For a 'more faithful' version of the novena that contains the "offensive" words - and for more information concerning the Divine Mercy devotion - please see

* New: We've added the new Vatican link for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to our Catholic Web Links section. For our visitors' convenience, this link was added promptly - and ahead of sites in the queue that are waiting to be considered for inclusion. Unfortunately, we are very backlogged at this time and are unable to get to a long-overdue comprehensive update to this section. We do not yet have a timeframe for the update to this section, but we ask that visitors please be patient as we are trying to prioritize our workload to focus on the items we hope will help us be able to keep the site up.

* Special request: If you participate in forums or have a blog or website, would you please consider linking to us? Please link to as many pages on as possible, as often as possible. Thank you!

* Have a friend that might benefit from our newsletter? Please invite them to subscribe at

* We love to hear from you! Please submit comments at

- - - - - App News...

* New: Our latest Android™ app, Just Checkin' In, was released last month. This app is a quick e-mail generator that can help you stay in touch quickly & easily with friends, family, co-workers and more - even during those busy moments. It features 24 standard e-mails that can be customized and sent almost instantly. It's great for travelers, parents, students, spouses, employees, and those on the go. It's perfect for busy moments, coffee breaks, flight arrivals, meetings, waiting in line, and other hurried times. It can be used for travel updates, ride pick ups, meeting updates, thinking of you messages, ETA notifications, leaving soon messages, call requests, status updates, quick reminders, and so much more! It is presently on sale starting at $1.19 (as noted previously, sales may benefit Please download it today at the following locations: Android Market/Google Play - or Amazon Appstore - . For more information & screenshots, please visit

* New: We've added links for selected user reviews near the descriptive information for apps. The selected user reviews page also includes countries where our apps have been sold / used. To view, please visit

* App Update: An update to iStations was released via iTunes last month. This update increased the quality of the stations images and also updated the help file. This update was not needed for iStations for Android since the Android version already utilized the increased quality images. For more information concerning iStations, please visit

* App Update: An update to Just Checkin' In was released last month via iTunes. This update increased the number of e-mails to 24 and changed the capitalization for the third field. For more information concerning Just Checkin' In, please visit

* User Reviews/Saints4U: While we have enjoyed excellent reviews on our apps so far, we have unfortunately now received a couple of negative (we would even say uncharitable) reviews on one of our apps. It seems that there was some confusion regarding the nature & purpose of the app Saints4U. Even though it seemed to us that the description, listed features, screen shots, and 'slogan' ("a treasury of saint names, patrons & feasts") gave a good indication of the information the app contains, some users apparently expected to purchase an encyclopedic edition on the saints for under $2 (rather than the what we clearly described & pictured). To clarify matters, we have added a couple notes to the app's description. The two notes we have added are as follows...

Please Note: This app is "a treasury of saint names, patrons & feasts". It is not an encyclopedic edition on the saints (something that would not be possible for us to offer at this low price). Listings for the thousands and thousands of saints that are included in this app are as pictured (see screenshots). These listings do not contain comprehensive biographies or pictures. Please do not purchase this app and then give it a low rating because it is not an encyclopedia.


Note Re: 'Duplicates': This app contains three (3) types of records: patron saints, liturgical feasts (old & new calendars), and other feasts/martyrology. Although some of the content will necessarily be duplicative (e.g. feasts from the martyrology may also appear in the liturgical calendar, feasts from the old calendar may also appear in the new), this does NOT mean the records themselves are duplicates. Rather, each record stands alone for each record type (note the different icons associated w/each record type). Please do not give a low rating because a certain percentage of records are deemed to be 'duplicates' or ask us to remove them because these records - while they may contain some duplicative data - are NOT actually duplicates. If we were to remove supposed 'duplicates', the app could no longer provide complete listings for each record type.

Please note that negative app reviews can really harm developers - even if the issue at hand is not the developer's fault. Negative reviews tend to slow sales and therefore discourage developers from spending more of their time & talent providing free updates to apps which have begun to sell below expected levels. Note that many developers already work for far less than minimum wage and many never even recover their initial investment. Whether reviewing our apps or others', we encourage reviewers to: (1) be charitable, (2) be fair, and (3) to not fault an app for being exactly as it is described (if a user does not want what is described, they should not buy the app in the first place).

For those who have left favorable reviews of our apps (thankfully this is all but two reviews at the time of this writing), we once again extend our thanks. Positive reviews encourage us and may help keep free updates coming.

For more information regarding Saints4U & for more information on our other apps, please visit

* Android Market Name Change: Android Market is now called Google Play. According to Google, this change will not affect the links for our apps. Considering the nature of our apps & the thousands of other 'non-play' type apps, this name change didn't make a lot of sense to us. Developers were not surveyed about the change in advance, but were notified after it had already taken effect. We have submitted feedback to Google about the change ("The name 'Google play'...can turn off business-oriented & other users who want productivity or business apps, and are not looking to 'play'. Android Market made a lot more sense and had a wider appeal."). We asked them to re-think the name change, but we have about 0.00000000% confidence they will consider our request. At this time, we have not changed the name or links on our site (although we may at a later time).

* As noted previously, we are working on several new apps as well as working on Android versions of existing apps. To be placed on our waiting list to be notified when the Android versions of existing apps are available, please go to

* For more information concerning currently available apps, please visit (shortcut: )

Note: All prices herein are in U.S. dollars, excluding any applicable tax.

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* Please see our Notices page at for dates of anticipated service delays through May 2012

* Help keep us online! You can donate from $1 at [note that we do NOT sell donor information to third parties and we do NOT contact you about your donation unless it is necessary (e.g. processing problems)]. Thank you for your much needed support!

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* Reminder: To help ensure delivery of your newsletter, please put our e-mail address in your 'trusted senders' list - or use other applicable options your e-mail provider may offer to let them know that our e-mail is wanted. Thank you.

* Please visit our Notices page for timely news and other important information regarding -

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The Month of April: Dedicated to the Holy Eucharist

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"No tongue can express the greatness of the love which Jesus Christ bears to our souls. He did not wish that between Him and His servants there should be any other pledge than Himself, to keep alive the remembrance of Him." (St. Peter of Alcantara)

"Eternal Wisdom, on the one hand, wished to prove his love for man by dying in his place in order to save him, but on the other hand, he could not bear the thought of leaving him. So he devised a marvelous way of dying and living at the same time, and of abiding with man until the end of time. So, in order to fully satisfy his love, he instituted the sacrament of Holy Eucharist and went to the extent of changing and overturning nature itself." (St. Louis de Montfort)

"This Sacrament, whether as the theme of devout meditation, or as the object of public adoration, or best of all as a food to be received in the utmost purity of conscience, is to be regarded as the center towards which the spiritual life of a Christian in all its ambit gravitates; for all other forms of devotion, whatsoever they may be, lead up to it, and in it find their point of rest." (Pope Leo XIII, "Mirae Caritatis", 1902 A.D.)

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Related Resources...

* Holy Communion / Holy Eucharist (Topic Page) -

* Holy Sacrifice of the Mass (Topic Page) -

* Holy Eucharist / Mass (General Info.) -

* Catechism of the Council of Trent on the Holy Eucharist -

* Holy Communion (Reflections) -

* Holy Eucharist / Mass (Reflections) -

* Mass / Holy Eucharist (Prayers) -

* Mirae Caritatis (On The Holy Eucharist, Pope Leo XIII) -

* Holy Eucharist / Mass (Apologetics) -

* Holy Eucharist (Word Search) -

* Holy Eucharist (Crossword Puzzle) -

* Communion in the Hand: Why Not? -

* Communion Under Both Species: Is it Required? -

* Lay 'Eucharistic Ministers': Why Not? -

Looking For Something Else? Try Our Various Indexes For 15,000+ Entries -

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"He who communicates (i.e. worthily receives Holy Communion) most frequently will be freest from sin, and will make farthest progress in Divine Love." (St. Alphonsus Liguori, Doctor of the Church)

"When you see It (the Body of Christ) exposed, say to yourself: Thanks to this body, I am no longer dust and ashes, I am no more a captive but a freeman: hence I hope to obtain heaven and the good things that are there in store for me, eternal life, the heritage of the angels, companionship with Christ; death has not destroyed this body which was pierced by nails and scourged,...this is that body which was once covered with blood, pierced by a lance, from which issued saving fountains upon the world, one of blood and the other of water...This body He gave to us to keep and eat, as a mark of His intense love." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church)

"For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, And giving thanks, broke and said [to the Apostles]: Take ye and eat: This is my body, which shall be delivered for you. This do for the commemoration of me. In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood. This do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me. For as often as you shall eat this bread and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come. Therefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord. But let a man prove himself: and so let him eat of that bread and drink of the chalice. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord. Therefore are there many infirm and weak among you: and many sleep [that is, die]." (St. Paul, 1 Cor. 11:23-30)

"If any one saith that in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist the substance of the bread and wine remains conjointly with the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denieth that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood - the species only of the bread and wine remaining - which conversion indeed the Catholic Church most aptly calls transubstantiation; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)

"If any one denieth that in the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist are contained truly, really, and substantially, the Body and Blood together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently the whole Christ; but saith that He is only therein as a sign, or in a figure, or virtue; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)

"No one who has a mortal sin on his conscience shall dare receive the Holy Eucharist before making a sacramental confession, regardless of how contrite he may think he is. This holy council declares that this custom is to be kept forever" (Council of Trent)

"[To preachers of his order:] 'And in every sermon which you give, admonish the people concerning [the necessity of] penance, and [instruct them] that no one can be saved unless he receive the Body and Blood of the Lord (cf. Jn. 6:54). And when It is sacrificed upon the altar by the priest and carried to any place, let all the people, on bended knee, praise, glorify, and honor the Lord God living and true. And you must announce and preach His praise to all peoples in such a manner that at every hour and whenever the bells are rung, praise, glory, and honor are given to the all-powerful God through all the earth." (St. Francis of Assisi)

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Resources For Holy Week & Easter

+ + + Resources For Holy Week + + +

* Good Friday (Topic Page) -

* Lenten Prayers (Topic Page) -

* Stations of the Cross / Way of the Cross -

* The Passion of Jesus (from the Gospels) -

Note: Scroll down page to view (about 1/3 way down page...contains selections on the Passion from all four Gospel accounts)

* Jesus' Last Words From The Cross -

* Trials & Sorrows of Jesus -

* The Passion / Cross Reflections -

* Holy Week / Indulgence Information -

* Stabat Mater (Sequence) -

* Prayers to Jesus (Prayer in Honor of the Five Wounds, Prayer in Honor of the Precious Blood, etc.) -

* Fulfilled Prophecies in Scripture: Abandonment & Betrayal of Jesus -

* Fulfilled Prophecies in Scripture: Jesus' Passion, Death, & Resurrection -

* Definitions (e.g. for terms such as Passiontide, Spy Wednesday, Triduum / Easter Triduum, etc.) -

* Coloring Page: Jesus Washing Apostle's Feet -

* Coloring Page: Last Supper -

Looking For Something Else? Try Our Various Indexes For 15,000+ Entries -

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"And plaiting a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand. And bowing the knee before him, they mocked him, saying: Hail, King of the Jews." (Mt. 27:29)

"And immediately a cock crowed a second time. Then Peter remembered the word that Jesus had said to him, 'Before the cock crows twice you will deny me three times.' He broke down and wept." (Mk. 14:72)

"My divine Savior, what didst Thou become, when for love of souls Thou didst suffer Thyself to be bound to the pillar? Ah! How truly then was fulfilled the word of the Prophet, saying of Thee that from head to foot Thou shouldst be all one wound, so as to be no longer recognizable!" (Lenten Prayer)

"What shame Thou didst endure when they stripped Thee of Thy garments! What torments Thou didst undergo in that tempest of countless blows! In what torrents did Thy Most Precious Blood gush forth from Thy bursting veins!" (Lenten Prayer)

"For this upon the tree of shame, Thy body hung, with arms spread wide, the spear revealed the heart of flame that burned within Thy sacred side." (Second Vespers, Hymn)

"He did endure every human suffering... First of all, on the part of men: for He endured something from Gentiles and from Jews; from men and from women, as is clear from the women servants who accused Peter. He suffered from the rulers, from their servants and from the mob, according to Psalm 2:1,2: 'Why have the Gentiles raged, and the people devised vain things? The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together, against the Lord and against His Christ.' He suffered from friends and acquaintances, as is manifest from Judas betraying and Peter denying Him... Christ suffered from friends abandoning Him; in His reputation, from the blasphemies hurled at Him; in His honor and glory, from the mockeries and the insults heaped upon Him; in things, for He was despoiled of His garments; in His soul, from sadness, weariness, and fear; in His body, from wounds and scourgings... In His head He suffered from the crown of piercing thorns; in His hands and feet, from the fastening of the nails; on His face from the blows and spittle; and from the lashes over His entire body. Moreover, He suffered in all His bodily senses: in touch, by being scourged and nailed; in taste, by being given vinegar and gall to drink; in smell, by being fastened to the gibbet in a place reeking with the stench of corpses, 'which is called Calvary'; in hearing, by being tormented with the cries of blasphemers and scorners; in sight, by beholding the tears of His Mother and of the disciple whom He loved." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"O Jesus, most glorious in your magnificence: I praise and bless your incomprehensible omnipotence, weak and helpless for us in the Passion. I adore and glorify your unsearchable wisdom, accounted foolishness for us. I praise and magnify your unutterable love, which submitted to hatred of all people for the sake of your elect. I praise and extol your meek and gentle mercy, sentenced to so fearful a death for humankind. I praise and I adore your ravishing sweetness, embittered for us by your most bitter death. Amen." (St. Mechtilde)

+ + + Resources For Easter + + +

* Easter (Topic Page) -

* Prayers for Easter -

* Easter Duty -

* Definitions (e.g. for terms such as Easter, Easter Duty, Resurrection, etc.) -

* Fulfilled Prophecies in Scripture: Jesus' Passion, Death, & Resurrection -

* Easter Date -

* The Resurrection Coloring Page -

* Happy Easter Coloring Page -

* Alleluia Coloring Page -

* He is Risen Coloring Page -

* Word Search Puzzle (Easter) -

Looking For Something Else? Try Our Various Indexes For 15,000+ Entries -

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"While they were puzzling over this, behold, two men in dazzling garments appeared to them. They were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground. They said to them, 'Why do you seek the living one among the dead? He is not here, but he has been raised. Remember what he said to you while he was still in Galilee, that the Son of Man must be handed over to sinners and be crucified, and rise on the third day.'" (Lk. 24:4-7)

"In thy resurrection, O Christ, alleluia. Let heaven and earth rejoice, alleluia." (Liturgical Year)

"O sing, my tongue, the victory of the glorious combat! Tell how was won the noble triumph on the trophy of the cross, and how the world's Redeemer, when immolated, conquered." (From 6th century hymn)

"Lo! Now the shining path that leads to the broad land of Eden lies open to thy faithful; and man may again enter that beautiful garden, of which the serpent had despoiled him." (Vespers Hymn)

"Now let the heavens be joyful, let earth her song begin; Let the round world keep triumph, and all that is therein! Let all things seen and unseen their notes of gladness blend, For Christ the Lord hath risen, our Joy that hath no end!" (St. John Damascene, Doctor of the Church)

"Glory be to You, who laid your Cross as a bridge over death, that souls might pass over it from the dwelling of the dead to the dwelling of life." (St. Ephraem the Syrian, Doctor of the Church)

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'Easter Thoughts'

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The following is from a 1917 Catholic historical magazine, "published under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Portland, and the Maine Catholic Historical Society". The author's name was not located. [Note: We have made a few changes to the text below (e.g. punctuation & spelling changes)]

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"He is risen." (Mark XVI:6)

Christmas is the feast of joy; Easter is the feast of joy and glory.

The Nativity gave us proof of Christ's love and the Resurrection gives us the final proof of Christ's power and triumph -- the last seal set on His Divinity.

All Nature seems to echo the glad chants of the Church at this joyous time -- spring has blossomed forth from the lap of winter and cold and dreariness fly from the golden rays of the climbing sun even as the clouds of sin and error and doubt melted away forever from the world when on the glad Easter morn, the Sun of Justice, gloriously triumphant over the powers of evil, of hell, of death, shone forth on a chosen nation, a purchased people in the person of Christ our Risen Lord. How aptly it all comes -- even yet the Misereres, the Lamentations -- all the sad, solemn liturgical dirges echo in our ears.

It was on Good Friday last that we contemplated the anguish torn body of the lonely victim, lifeless on the Cross--how vivid our memory of the scene; the Mater Dolorosa, the Beloved disciple, and Mary Magdalen on the bare dark hillside. All the other friends and followers had fled and the teachings of the Crucified seemingly had died with Him on the cross. But today how different. Christ is risen, His teaching lives, for the Apostles there is no longer fear or doubt for now they know in very truth that their Master is God of God, Light of Light, True God of True God.

Doubts and fears will assail us all, but the Resurrection is our rock of Faith and Hope; it is more than a promise, it is an earnest too of our own triumph and glory if we are loyal to Him who was true to us, true to death, even unto the death of the Cross. For us also death shall be no more, for Christ Our Lord is Risen!

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"This I declare, brothers: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed, in an instant, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For that which is corruptible must clothe itself with incorruptibility, and that which is mortal must clothe itself with immortality. And when this which is corruptible clothes itself with incorruptibility and this which is mortal clothes itself with immortality, then the word that is written shall come about: 'Death is swallowed up in victory. Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?' The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. But thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, my beloved brothers, be firm, steadfast, always fully devoted to the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord your labor is not in vain." (1 Cor. 15:50-58)

For more reflections, please visit

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Liturgical Feasts in April

The following is a listing of all liturgical feast dates for April as they appear at

Note: (T) = Traditional, (N) = New (Novus Ordo)

Reminder: Feasts may be superseded / transferred / etc.

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April 2 - St. Francis of Paula (Paola) (T)

April 2 - St. Francis of Paola (N)

April 4 - St. Isidore of Seville (T)

April 4 - St. Isidore of Seville (N)

April 5 - St. Vincent Ferrer (T)

April 5 - St. Vincent Ferrer (N)

April 6 - St. Juliana of Cornillon (T)

April 7 - St. John Baptist de la Salle (N)

April 8 - St. Julia Billiart (T)

April 11 - St. Leo the Great, pope (T)

April 11 - St. Stanislaus (N)

April 13 - St. Hermenegild (T)

April 13 - St. Martin I, pope (N)

April 14 - St. Justin (T)

April 14 - Sts. Tiburtius, Valerian & Maximus (T)

April 17 - St. Anicetus, pope (T)

April 21 - St. Anselm of Canterbury (T)

April 21 - St. Anselm (N)

April 22 - Sts. Soter & Caius, popes (T)

April 23 - St. George (T)

April 23 - St. Adalbert (N)

April 23 - St. George (N)

April 24 - St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen (T)

April 24 - St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen (N)

April 25 - St. Mark the Evangelist (T)

April 25 - St. Mark the Evangelist (N)

April 26 - Our Lady of Good Counsel (T)

April 26 - Sts. Cletus & Marcellinus, popes (T)

April 27 - St. Peter Canisius (T)

April 27 - St. Thuribius of Mogrobejo (T)

April 28 - St. Paul of the Cross (T)

April 28 - St. Vitalis (T)

April 28 - St. Louis Marie de Montfort (N)

April 28 - St. Peter Chanel (N)

April 29 - St. Peter of Verona (T)

April 29 - St. Catherine of Siena (N)

April 30 - St. Catherine of Siena (T)

April 30 - St. Pius V, pope (N)

Please Note: Above may exclude moveable feasts. For moveable feasts, see below & try here: . For other feasts, try the MCS Daily Digest each day at


4/1/12 - Palm Sunday

4/4/12 - Spy Wednesday

4/5/12 - Maundy Thursday (Holy Thursday)

4/6/12 - Good Friday

4/7/12 - Holy Saturday (Easter Vigil)

4/8/12 - Easter Sunday

4/15/12 - Low Sunday (Quasimodo Sunday) (T) | Divine Mercy Sunday (N)

4/22/12 - Second Sunday after Easter (Good Shepherd Sunday) (T) | Third Sunday of Easter (N)

4/29/12 - Third Sunday after Easter (T) | Fourth Sunday of Easter (N)

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'Catholic Trivia'

1. What term may refer to special prayers and observances which begin on Maundy Thursday?

2. What does the Easter Duty refer to?

3. How is the date of Easter traditionally determined?

4. In the traditional liturgical calendar, what are the three periods in the Easter Cycle leading up to Easter?

5. What sin does a person commit who neglects to receive Communion during Easter time?

6. What is the traditional liturgical season which spans from Easter Sunday to the Sunday After Pentecost?

7. Where in canon law (Church law) does it say that those who "obstinately persist in manifest grave sin" are not to be admitted to Holy Communion?

8. According to Pope Pius XII, which items "of their very nature" must remain together?

9. Did the 1917 Code of Canon law permit heretics & schismatics to receive the sacraments if they asked for them in good faith?

10. What are at least five reasons lay persons should not receive Holy Communion in the hand?



1. The term "Easter Triduum" refers to special prayers and observances which begin on Maundy Thursday

2. The Easter Duty refers to the grave obligation to receive Holy Communion at Easter time. "Can. 920 §1 Once admitted to the blessed Eucharist, each of the faithful is obliged to receive Holy Communion at least once a year. §2 This precept must be fulfilled during paschal time (the Easter season), unless for a good reason it is fulfilled at another time during the year." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

3. Easter is the first Sunday after the full moon which occurs on or after March 21. It may range from March 22nd to April 25th.

4. Septuagesima, Lent, and Passiontide

5. "He who neglects to receive Communion during the Easter time commits a mortal sin." (Baltimore Catechism) [Note: This of course does not apply to those unable to receive Holy Communion (e.g. those under a certain age, those without the use of reason, those not physically able, etc.). Also note that those who receive Holy Communion must be properly disposed]

6. Paschaltide (or 'Eastertide')

7. "Can. 915: Those upon whom the penalty of excommunication or interdict has been imposed or declared, and others who obstinately persist in manifest grave sin, are not to be admitted to Holy Communion." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

8. "To separate the Tabernacle from the Altar is tantamount to separating two things which, of their very nature, must remain together." (Pope Pius XII)

9. "Can. 731 § 2 It is forbidden that the Sacraments of the Church be ministered to heretics and schismatics, even if they ask for them and are in good faith, unless beforehand, rejecting their errors, they are reconciled with the Church." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

10. There are numerous and important reasons why faithful Catholics should not receive Communion in the hand. For example, this practice: (1) lessens respect for the Holy Eucharist, (2) contributes to sacrilege & desecration, (3) leads to loss of faith in the Real Presence, (4) goes against the expressed wishes of recent popes and was introduced in the 20th century in defiance of their wishes (and was deceptively promoted - many of the faithful were influenced to adopt this practice by deceitful measures, "a campaign of deliberate deception and misleading propaganda"), (5) often results in sacred particles - Christ's true Flesh and Blood - being dropped on the floor and trampled on by parishioners [In fact, since most people fail to examine their hands for sacred particles after receiving Holy Communion in the hand, there could be dozens or more sacred particles on the floor in any parish where this practice is tolerated. This means that many people at each parish may literally be stepping on Christ's body - even those parishioners who don't take Communion in the hand. It is useful to remember the Church's constant teaching regarding the fact that even the tiniest particle of the Eucharist contains Christ's Body, whole and entire: "Yes, the same Jesus Christ is just as much in a particle of a host as in a whole host." (Catechism of St. Pius X)], (6) requires that one 'self-communicate' - even though Holy Communion should not be handled by lay persons ["To touch the sacred a privilege of the ordained" (Pope John Paul II)], (7) detracts from priestly dignity and places lay persons on the same level as priests, (8) may display a lack of humility, (9) engenders an "unbecoming familiarity", (10) "discourages reverence for the mystery", (11) "precludes awe" and "all but extinguishes a sense of sacredness", (12) "has been used as a tool by liberals and feminists who want to change the Church", (13) may physically sully the Holy Eucharist and lead to illness since those who receive Communion in the hand do not wash their hands before handling the Eucharist [Note: Those who receive Communion in the hand may have, only minutes previously, touched filthy dollar bills (e.g. for the collection), touched contaminated collection baskets, touched the unwashed hands of multiple strangers (e.g. 'sign of peace'), sneezed or coughed into their hands, lifted dirty kneelers, etc.], (14) was inspired by Protestants - it was purposely introduced by Protestant 'Reformers' in the 16th century to destroy belief in the Real Presence, (15) has aided those who steal the Holy Eucharist for use in satanic rituals, Etc.


For more information concerning the topics above, try our General A-Z Index at

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You might also be interested in the Q & A and historical information which may be found each day on the MCS Daily Digest at

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Defending the Faith: "Apologetics Brief" - How Can Jesus be God Since Jesus Said the Father is Greater Than He Is and Since Christ Admitted to Not Knowing Something? What About the Other Indications That Christ Was Human or That He Had a Separate Will Than God?

It is good for Catholics to be able to defend their faith against attacks (or even simple questions) from those outside the Church. We therefore hope you may find the following "apologetics brief" helpful.

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Note: Text below is taken from

The following may be used as discussion points when discoursing with those outside the Church (or even among Catholics).

Topic: How Can Jesus be God Since Jesus Said the Father is Greater Than He Is and Since Christ Admitted to Not Knowing Something? What About the Other Indications That Christ Was Human or That He Had a Separate Will Than God? (Note: Topic is directed at certain Protestants)


* Since Jesus took on our human nature while remaining God, He is rightly said to have two natures - one divine and one human. Speaking from the perspective of His divine nature, Christ was able to say that "The Father and I are one" (Jn. 10:30). Speaking from the perspective of His human nature, Christ said that "the Father is greater than I" (Jn. 14:28). Even though the statements appear contradictory, each is equally true. Christ clearly referred to his divine nature on various occasions [See: 'Do You Wonder If (or Doubt That) Jesus Is Really God?' at: ] in the Bible, and Scripture also clearly shows his human nature. "Jesus has two kinds of knowledge - divine and human - some things he answered with one, some things in another." Why is it that some non-Catholic 'Christian' sects see apparently contradictory statements in Scripture - all of which was written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit - and simply choose one set of statements over the other? Should one not attempt to see how all statements are equally true? Why do some sects attempt to make a liar out of Holy Scripture?

* When Christ said that he didn't know the day or the hour (see Mk. 13:32), it should be noted that He is not saying that He doesn't know absolutely, but only in His human nature. In His human nature, it is unknown to Him, but in His divine nature, He knows the day that He is to return. It is clear from Scripture that Christ knows all things about that day and the time which will proceed it, therefore he must know when this will occur. And, clearly, a diversity of knowledge in the undivided Trinity makes no sense. It has also been explained that Christ's manner of speech may be taken to mean not that He is ignorant, but that it is "not expedient" to tell us this since we would not then be watchful, which is the entire point of the passage (see Mk. 13:32-37). One may also have to allow for a particular manner of speaking. For example, do you suppose that the omnipotent God really didn't know where Adam was after the fall because He inquired where Adam was in Gen. 3:9? Some additional relevant quotations appear below...

"How indeed could he know so accurately those things which are to proceed that hour and which are to take place at the end, but be ignorant of the hour itself? This thing would be like a riddle, as if one were to say that he knows accurately everything that is in front of a wall, but does not know the wall itself; or that he knows well the end of the day but knows not the beginning of the night, whereas knowledge of the one necessarily brings with it knowledge of the other. If, then, we may proceed from the example of what is seen to what is known, is it not perfectly plain to everyone that He does know as God, but says that, as man, he knows not?" (St. Gregory of Nazianz, Doctor of the Church, c. 380 A.D.)

"For how could anyone who confesses that the Wisdom Itself of God is incarnate say that there is anything of which the Wisdom of God is ignorant? Is it written? 'In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was, in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him.' If all things, then without a doubt even the day and hour of judgement. Who, then, is so foolish as to presume to say that the Word of the Father made that of which He was ignorant? It is also written, 'Jesus, knowing that the Father had given Him all things into His hands.' If all things, certainly the day of judgment and the hour. Who, then, is so stupid as to say that the Son received into His hands what He did not know?" (Pope St. Gregory I the Great, Doctor of the Church, c. 600 A.D.)

"Certainly, then, it is plain that as the Word He knows also the hour and the end of all things, although as man He is ignorant of it; for ignorance is proper to man, and especially in these matters. This, moreover, pertains to the Savior's love of man; for, inasmuch as He was made man, He is not ashamed, because of the ignorant flesh, to say, 'I do not know,' - so that He may demonstrate that, although as God He knows, according to the flesh He is ignorant. This, then, is why He did not say, 'nor does the Son of God know': lest the Godhead appear to be ignorant; but simply, 'nor the Son': so that the ignorance may be of the Son as born of man." (St. Athanasius, Doctor of the Church, 4th century A.D.)

"(But) concerning that which has been written: That neither the Son, nor the angels know the day and the hour [cf. Mark 13:32], indeed, your holiness has perceived rightly, that since it most certainly should be referred not to the same son according to that which is the head, but according to his body which we are... He [Augustine] also says...that this can be understood of the same son, because omnipotent God sometimes speaks in a human way, as he said to Abraham: Now I know that thou fearest God [Gen. 22:12], not because God then knew that He was feared, but because at that time He caused Abraham to know that he feared God. For, just as we say a day is happy not because the day itself is happy, but because it makes us happy, so the omnipotent Son says He does not know the day which He causes not to be known, not because He himself is ignorant of it, but because He does not permit it to be known at all. Thus also the Father alone is said to know, because the Son (being) consubstantial with Him, on account of His nature, by which He is above the angels, has knowledge of that, of which the angels are unaware. Thus, also, this can be the more precisely understood because the Only-begotten having been incarnate, and made perfect man for us, in His human nature indeed did know the day and the hour of judgment, but nevertheless He did not know this from His human nature." (Pope St. Gregory the Great, Doctor of the Church, 600 A.D.)

* The fact that Scripture indicates that Christ is fully human does not mean that Christ is not also fully divine. In fact, Scripture even says that "in him dwells the whole fullness of the deity bodily" (Col. 2:9). Therefore, it is to be expected that Scripture sometimes refers to His divinity, and sometimes to his humanity. For example, we see that Christ performed great miracles, including raising people from the dead, yet he shed tears over the death of his friend. We see that Christ was troubled by his upcoming trials, yet we know he could have escaped them if He wished to do so. Since Christ is both God and Man, He can simultaneously be troubled as a Man, but not troubled in His divinity.

"In writing of the human attributes of the Word, one must know also what concerns His divinity... When, therefore, he speaks of His weeping, he knows that the Lord, having become man, exhibited His humanity by His weeping, while as God He raised Lazarus and he knows that the Lord hungered and thirsted physically, while divinely He fed five thousand with five loaves" (St. Athanasius, Doctor of the Church, c. 350 A.D.)

* The fact that Christ referred to His will independently of His Father's will (e.g. Lk. 22:42, Jn. 5:30) does not prove that Christ is not God. Rather, in such passages, Christ is speaking of His human will. Certainly, the divine will is always one and the same, with no division whatsoever. Some additional relevant quotations appear below:

"If then there is but one will of the Father and Son, how is it that He says, 'Only not as I will, but as You will'? Were this saying to be attributed to the Divinity it would result in a certain contradiction and it would give birth to numerous absurdities. But if it is attributed to the flesh the words will have such consistency that no complaint will be possible." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church, c. 387 A.D.)

"The Lord says, 'The Father and I are one;' and again, it is written of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, 'And the three are one.' Does anyone believe that in the Church this unity which proceeds from the divine stability and which is welded together after the heavenly patterns, can be divided, and can be separated by parting asunder of opposing wills? Whoever holds not fast to this unity holds not to the law of God; neither does he keep faith with the Father and the Son, nor does he have life and salvation. This sacrament of unity, this bond of an inseparably cohering harmony, is indicated in the Gospel when the tunic of the Lord Jesus Christ is in no way divided nor cut apart." (St. Cyprian of Carthage, c. 251 A.D.)

"And when [our Lord Christ] says, 'Father, if it be possible, let this chalice pass from Me; yet, not My will be done, but Yours;' and 'the spirit is ready, but the flesh is weak,' He gives evidence therein of two wills, the one human, which is of the flesh, and the other divine, which is of God. That which is human, because of the weakness of the flesh, shrinks from suffering. That, however, which is divine is ready. Then too, Peter, hearing about the passion says, 'Cheer up, Lord;' but the Lord, chiding him, says 'Get behind Me, Satan; you are a scandal to Me, because you are mindful not of the things of God but of the things of men.' This, too, then is to be understood in the same way: for, having been made in the likeness of men, as a man He shrinks from suffering; but being God and, in according with the divine substance, really not being subject to suffering, He readily accepts suffering and death." (St. Athanasius, Doctor of the Church, 4th century A.D.)

* The fact that Christ said that no one has ever seen God (Jn.1:18, 1 Jn.4:12) does not mean that Christ is not God, but rather refers to a "perfect comprehension" of God. This may be made more clear by the fact that Christ also says that whoever sees Him sees the Father (cf. Jn. 12:45, Jn. 14:8-12).

"Whenever God appears not as He is, but shows Himself in such a way as to enable Himself to be seen, measuring Himself to the weak vision of those seeing Him, that display of Himself is an accommodation... Why does John say, 'No one has ever seen God'? So that you might learn that he is speaking about the perfect comprehension of God and about the precise knowledge of Him." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church, c. 386 A.D.)

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"The Father and I are one." (Our Lord Jesus Christ, Jn. 10:30)

"[T]he Father is in me and I am in the Father." (Our Lord Jesus Christ, Jn. 10:38)

"Whoever has seen me has seen the Father." (Our Lord Jesus Christ, Jn. 14:9)

"Thomas answered and said to him, 'My Lord and my God!' Jesus said to him, 'Have you come to believe because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.'" (Jn. 20:28-29)

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be... And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us, and we saw his glory, the glory as of the Father's only Son, full of grace and truth." (Jn. 1:1-3, 14)

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Also See: 'Who Jesus Is & Why You Should Believe' at

For more apologetics resources, please visit

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In Closing...

"When it was evening, he came with the Twelve. And as they reclined at table and were eating, Jesus said, 'Amen, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.' They began to be distressed and to say to him, one by one, 'Surely it is not I?' He said to them, 'One of the Twelve, the one who dips with me into the dish. For the Son of Man indeed goes, as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. It would be better for that man if he had never been born.' While they were eating, he took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, and said, 'Take it; this is my body.' Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, and they all drank from it. He said to them, 'This is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed for many. Amen, I say to you, I shall not drink again the fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.'" (Mk. 14:17-25)

"What is here written of the side of Christ, opened by the wound from the soldier, should also be said of the Heart which was certainly reached by the stab of the lance, since the soldier pierced it precisely to make certain that Jesus Christ crucified was really dead. Hence the wound of the most Sacred Heart of Jesus, now that He has completed His mortal life, remains through the course of the ages a striking image of that spontaneous charity by which God gave His only begotten Son for the redemption of men and by which Christ expressed such passionate love for us that He offered Himself as a bleeding victim on Calvary for our sake: 'Christ loved us and delivered Himself for us, an oblation and a sacrifice to God for an odor of sweetness.'" (Pope Pius XII, "Haurietis Aquas", 1956)

"Jesus Christ, after having given us all he could give, that is to say, the merit of his toils, his sufferings, and his bitter death; after having given us his Adorable Body and Blood to be the Food of our souls, willed also to give us the most precious thing he had left, which was his holy Mother." (St. John Vianney)

"After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, approached, rolled back the stone, and sat upon it. His appearance was like lightning and his clothing was white as snow. The guards were shaken with fear of him and became like dead men. Then the angel said to the women in reply, 'Do not be afraid! I know that you are seeking Jesus the crucified. He is not here, for he has been raised just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay.'" (Mt. 28:1-6)

"Queen of Heaven, rejoice, alleluia: For He Whom thou didst merit to bear, alleluia, Hath risen, as He said, alleluia. Pray for us to God, alleluia. V. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia. R. Because the Lord is truly risen, alleluia. Let us pray. O God, who by the Resurrection of Thy Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, hast vouchsafed to make glad the whole world: grant, we beseech Thee, that, through the intercession of the Virgin Mary, His Mother, we may lay hold of the joys of eternal life. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen. (Regina caeli laetare, alleluia: Quia quem meruisti portare, alleluia, Resurrexit, sicut dixit, alleluia. Ora pro nobis Deum, alleluia. V. Gaude et laetare, Virgo Maria, alleluia. R. Quia surrexit Dominus vere, alleluia. Oremus. Deus, qui per resurrectionem Filii tui Domini nostri Iesu Christi mundum laetificare dignatus es: praesta quaesumus, ut per eius Genitricem Virginem Mariam perpetuae capiamus gaudia vitae. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen." (Regina Caeli in English & Latin) [Reminder: The Regina Caeli is recited each day at 6:00 a.m., Noon, and 6:00 p.m. in place of the Angelus during Paschaltime.]

"For what is there that can equal these good tidings? God on earth, man in heaven; that long war ceased, reconciliation is made between God and our nature, the devil overthrown, death abolished, paradise opened. These things so far beyond our merits, are given us with all fullness; not for our own toil or labor, but because we are beloved of God." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church)

"Let Him be fixed deep in your heart, who for you was fastened to the cross" (St. Augustine, Doctor of the Church)

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