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Copyright © 2018, B.F.S. All rights reserved. Newsletter - October, 2018 [Plain text version (+ image)]

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* Greetings

* MCS News & Notes

* The Month of October: Dedicated to the Holy Rosary

* Make Friends With Angels

* 'Educational & Fun' New Release

* Liturgical Feasts in October

* 'Catholic Trivia'

* Defending the Faith: "Apologetics Brief" - Do You Believe That St. Peter Was Never in Rome?

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Dear Friend,

"May God have mercy on us, and bless us: may he cause the light of his countenance to shine upon us, and may he have mercy on us." (Ps. 66/67:2)

Greetings! We hope Fall has gotten off to a good start for you and that it will continue to be a happy & holy season.

On our end, we have been busy with the release of our first ' Activity Book', a 'fun & educational' publication that provides 'hours of wholesome recreation' for Catholics (see below for more details). We are also preparing for our 10th Annual Rosary Week (to be held from 10/22-10/28) and for the 10th anniversary of the 'official unveiling' of on 10/28/18 (the site was in development for 7 years before that, since 2001). We thank you so much for your support over the past decade. It's been both a joy & a challenge to remain online for these last ten years.

Lastly, we'd like to encourage you to do something good for your own soul - namely, to join us & other Catholics in praying for worthy intentions during Rosary Week. Participation is easy, free, and takes only a little time - yet the rewards you receive may be great! Please join us! And please also encourage your family and friends to participate. Sign up today at

Thank you for being a valued subscriber. If you have any comments, questions, suggestions, etc. please use our special subscriber feedback form at . We'd love to hear from you.

May the glory of the Lord always shine upon you and may His light always guide your steps,

Your Friends at

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"I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the ancient of days: and they presented him before him. And he gave him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve him: his power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and his kingdom that shall not be destroyed." (Dan. 7:13-14)

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MCS News & Notes

* Last chance to sign up for our Tenth Annual Rosary Week (10/22/18 - 10/28/18): Don't miss out! Please sign up today for this FREE event at . We think you will glad you joined us & other Catholics in this 'spiritually rewarding' event! For more information & for fliers you can distribute, please visit . Do you need help praying the Rosary? Please try here for assistance:

* New Book Release: We are happy to report that since our last newsletter was prepared, we have released a 'fun & educational' new paperback book for Catholics, "Coloring Book For Catholics: 50+ Latin Prayers (Beginning-Intermediate-Advanced)". Designed for Catholics of most any age, this "unique" coloring book - which provides hours of wholesome & educational recreation - is "so much better for your soul than television!" Information about this publication can be found below or at . At just $7.99 (before tax), we hope you will consider getting this 'fun & educational' book to share with your whole family! As proceeds from book sales are vital in keeping us online, we thank you again for your support!

* New Release Notifications: If you would like to be notified of our new book releases on a 'more timely' basis, please submit your email address using our new form at . While we typically notify subscribers of new releases, there can sometimes be a delay before they are mentioned in our monthly newsletters. Thank you for your interest in our books!

* Reminder: There will be an interruption in many of our services in early October due to vacations. Services affected may include: live chat, post & subscription processing, blog updates, lending library, and various e-mail responses. Applicable news updates will also be affected. Although you may notice delays in the above services, access to the website itself should NOT be affected. For details, please visit

* iOS 12/Apps Update: We are happy to report that in our (quick but hopefully fairly thorough) testing of our apps on iOS 12, we did not find any issues in any app. We tested all our apps except 'Speedy Dial!', which is presently not available in Apple's App Store (however, the Android version is available on Google Play & Amazon). Should you encounter any issues with our apps, please let us know. For more details concerning our apps, please visit

* Did you notice? Our most recent new book was released by Amazon on a Sunday. We submitted the material on Saturday, but it was not released by Amazon until the next day (on Sunday). We apologize for the Sunday release of this item.

* Quality Control Issue: It came to our attention recently that one of our books was shipped to a customer without a glossy cover. ALL of our book covers (at least to date) should be glossy. Unfortunately book printing is out of our direct control, but we did notify Amazon about the issue. They forwarded the matter to their printing team and have assured us that "the necessary quality control measures are implemented to make sure that the customers will receive the correct cover." Should you purchase any of our currently available paperback books and find that they do not have a glossy cover, please let us know.

* Feast of St. Francis (10/4): Why not celebrate the feast of St. Francis of Assisi by reviewing biographical information on this great saint, reading some of his inspiring writings, or praying some of his beautiful prayers? You can find this and more at the St. Francis Section at . And while you're there, why not add your pet's name to the list of special pets? This is a must-see section for animal lovers.

* October 28, 2018 marks the tenth anniversary of the 'official unveiling' of (as it took thousands of hours of work to complete, the site was in development for seven years - since 2001 - before its 'official unveiling' in 2008, with just a 'mini' site up prior to 2008). We send our thanks to all visitors for their support over the past decade. We hope, by God's grace, to be able to continue to remain online for years to come. Prayer of Thanksgiving: "With all our heart and voice, we acknowledge, we praise, and we bless Thee, God the Father unbegotten, Thee, the only-begotten Son, Thee, the Holy Ghost the Paraclete, O holy and undivided Trinity." (Raccolta)

* Reminder: October 28, 2018 is the traditional feast of Christ the King. As you may know, the motto of our site, "Christ the King", took root from the encyclical of Pope Pius XI entitled "Quas Primas". This encyclical makes great reading for the month of October. To view Quas Primas, please visit . [Note: For information on the timing of this feast (October vs. November), please see Guest Article: 'Should the Feast of Christ the King Be Celebrated in October or November?' at ]

* Special Prayers for the U.S.A. on 10/28/18: Please join us in prayer for America on 10/28/18, the traditional feast of Christ the King & a few days before the U.S. mid-term elections. There is no need to sign up. Simply say any appropriate prayer(s) of your choice+ on this day and unite them with all others who are praying for the U.S.A. If possible, consider staying for an extra moment after Mass to offer silent prayers in front of the Tabernacle. We hope you will join us. Please mark your calendar for Sunday 10/28/18.

+ Note: Appropriate prayers include the Lord's Prayer, the Hail Mary, the Holy Rosary, etc. For prayers specifically for the U.S., consider the links at the top of this page: . We have also found the following prayers to be popular online...

Prayer to the Blessed Virgin Mary: "O Most Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Mercy, at this most critical time, we entrust the United States of America to your loving care. Most Holy Mother, we beg you to reclaim this land for the glory of your Son. Overwhelmed with the burden of the sins of our nation, we cry to you from the depths of our hearts and seek refuge in your motherly protection. Look down with mercy upon us and touch the hearts of our people. Open our minds to the great worth of human life and to the responsibilities that accompany human freedom. Free us from the falsehoods that lead to the evil of abortion and threaten the sanctity of family life. Grant our country the wisdom to proclaim that God's law is the foundation on which this nation was founded, and that He alone is the True Source of our cherished rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. O Merciful Mother, give us the courage to reject the culture of death and the strength to build a new Culture of Life. Amen."

Election Prayer of Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.: "Lord Jesus Christ, You told us to give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and to God what belongs to God. Enlighten the minds of (the American people). May we choose...government officials, according to Your Divine Will. Give our citizens the courage to choose leaders of our nation who respect the sanctity of unborn human life, the sanctity of marriage, the sanctity of marital relations, the sanctity of the family, and the sanctity of the aging. Grant us the wisdom to give You, what belongs to You, our God. If we do this, as a nation, we are confident You will give us an abundance of Your blessings through our elected leaders. Amen."

* For centuries, numerous popes, saints, and others have strongly encouraged all to pray the rosary. In fact, the Blessed Virgin herself has urged us to pray the holy rosary. We would also like to encourage all subscribers to pray the rosary daily - and October is a great month to start. Please see for reasons to pray the rosary daily. "I beg of you to beware of thinking of the rosary as something of little importance - as do ignorant people and even several great but proud scholars. Far from being insignificant, the rosary is a priceless treasure which is inspired by God." (St. Louis de Montfort) For additional information on or assistance with the holy rosary, please visit

* Do something good for the price of a cup of coffee! Help remain online - donate any amount (from $1+) at [note that we do NOT sell donor information to third parties and we do NOT contact you about your donation unless it is necessary (e.g. processing problems)]. Thank you for your much needed support!

* Please invite your friends to visit For our "easy to use" invite-a-friend page, please visit . Please invite some friends today! Your support helps keep us going!

* We love to hear from you! Please submit comments at

* Have friends or family that might benefit from our newsletter? Please invite them to subscribe at . Thank you!

* Please see our Notices page at for dates of anticipated service delays through October 2018.

* Please shop at in support of! You can shop here for books, household & office products, Catholic items, electronics, and much more. Already shop at It doesn't cost any extra to shop at Amazon using the following link, yet we can benefit from your purchases. Thank you for your support! Please use this link: (shortcut: )

* Reminder: To help ensure delivery of your newsletter, please put our e-mail address in your 'trusted senders' list - or use other applicable options your e-mail provider may offer to let them know that our e-mail is wanted. Thank you.

* Please visit our Notices page for timely news and other important information regarding -

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The Month of October: Dedicated to the Holy Rosary

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"Of all the prayers, the Rosary is the most beautiful and the richest in graces; of all it is the one most pleasing to Mary, the Virgin Most Holy." (Pope St. Pius X)

"Always pray the rosary." [St. Pio of Pietrelcina (Padre Pio)]

"We desire very earnestly, Venerable Brethren, that the Holy Rosary should be recited in a special manner in the month of October and with increased devotion both in the churches and in homes." (Pope Pius XI, "Ingravescentibus Malis", 1937 A.D.)

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Related Resources...

* The Holy Rosary (Topic Page) - 

* Promises of the Rosary -

* What is the Rosary and Why Pray it? -

* Facts About the Rosary -

* History of the Rosary -

* How to Pray the Rosary / Mysteries of the Rosary -

* Tips for Praying the Rosary -

* The Holy Rosary (Reflections) -

* The Holy Rosary (Papal Writings) -

* The Daily Rosary -

* The Rosary in Latin -

* Rosary Prayers (Topic Page) -

* How to Pray the Rosary (Topic Page) -

* Holy Rosary (Section) -

* Sacramentals (Topic Page) -

* Popular Marian Devotions -

* Rosary / Apologetics -

* Devotions, Sacramentals & Pious Practices -

* Rosary (Coloring Pages) -

* Rosary (Crossword Puzzle) -

* Rosary (Word Search) -

* Blessed Virgin Mary (Topic Page) -

Looking For Something Else? Try Our Various Indexes For 15,000+ Entries -

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"The power of the rosary is beyond description." (Archbishop Fulton Sheen)

"Next to the holy sacrifice of the Mass, there is, indeed, nothing more terrifying to [the devil], nor does he bear a more implacable hatred to anything than to the devotion of the Rosary." (Muller)

"How great is the power and mercy of the Blessed Virgin for those who are faithful in the practice of the Rosary! If you wish then, to save your soul, practice the devotion of the Rosary with fervor and perseverance. If you wish to save the souls of those who are near and dear to you, try to introduce this devotion without delay into your family." (Muller)

"It is impossible to meditate with devotion upon the mysteries of the Rosary and live in a state of sin." (St. John Vianney)

"Now, to appease the might of an outraged God and to bring that health of soul so needed by those who are sorely afflicted, there is nothing better than devout and persevering prayer, provided it be joined with a love for and practice of Christian life. And both of these, the spirit of prayer and the practice of Christian life, are best attained through the devotion of the Rosary of Mary." (Pope Leo XIII, "Magnae Dei Matris", 1892 A.D.)

"Were a good friend to present us several times with a thousand dollars, we would not object to such a sum, but rather wish the amount to be increased. The good Christian, in like manner, never finds the repetition of the prayers of the Rosary tedious, but rather truly delightful. He knows that one single prayer of the Rosary, which is recited with devotion is of more value than all the money, than all the riches, in the universe. What will money, what will all the riches of this world, avail us after death? But the prayers of the Rosary will then be of more help to us than all the honors and wealth in the world." (Muller)

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Reminder: The My Catholic Tenth Annual Rosary Week will be held this year from 10/22 - 10/28. Please join us! Sign up today at

It's easy & free to participate!

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Make Friends With Angels

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The following selection is taken from Fr. Paul O'Sullivan's work entitled "All About the Angels". [Note: We have made some changes to text below (e.g. punctuation changes, combining paragraphs)].

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"Make friends with the Angels" is the advice which the great Pope, St. Leo, gives every Christian and it is advice that everyone should follow.

If we make friends with the Angels - and nothing is easier - we shall receive innumerable and great favors which otherwise we shall never obtain. Our Angel friends, too, will shield and protect us from countless dangers, evils, sickness and accidents which, without their help, we could not possibly avoid. In a word, these all-powerful and loving protectors will secure for us a degree of happiness that, without their assistance, we could not hope for in this vale of tears!

Another reason we should make friends with the Angels is that they are our dearest and best friends. A good friend, a friend who is able and always ready to help us, a friend to whom we can have recourse in all our troubles and sorrows, is one of the greatest blessings God can give us. Our human hearts thirst for love and sympathy. Among men we rarely or never find such a friend, but this is not so with the Angels. They are most desirous to be our friends and they love us with all the intensity of their angelic natures. Since they are all-powerful and generous, we can have the fullest confidence in their help and friendship.

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"The whole air about us is filled with angels." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church)

"So valuable to heaven is the dignity of the human soul that every member of the human race has a guardian angel from the moment the person begins to be." (St. Jerome, Doctor of the Church)

"Make yourself familiar with the angels, and behold them frequently in spirit; for, without being seen, they are present with you." (St. Francis de Sales, Doctor of the Church)

"He has given His angels charge over you to guard you in all your ways' (Ps. 90/91:11). These words should fill you with respect, inspire devotion and instill confidence; respect for the presence of angels, devotion because of their loving service, and confidence because of their protection." (St. Bernard)

"It is of faith, on the testimony of the Scriptures and of unanimous tradition, that God commits to His angels the guardianship of men, who are called to contemplate Him together with these blessed spirits in their common fatherland. Catholic theology teaches that this protection is extended to every member of the human race, without any distinction of just and sinners, infidels and baptized. To ward off dangers; to uphold man in his struggle against the demons; to awaken in him holy thoughts; to prevent him from sinning, and even, at times, to chastise him; to pray for him, and to present his prayers to God: such is the office of the Guardian Angel. So special is his mission, that one angel does not undertake the guardianship of several persons simultaneously; so diligent in his care, that he follows his ward from the first day to the last of his mortal existence, receiving the soul as it quits this life, and bearing it from the feet of the sovereign Judge to the place it has merited in heaven, or to its temporary sojourn in the place of expiation and purification." (Liturgical Year)

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For more on angels, please visit

For prayers to angels, please visit

For more reflections, please visit

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'Educational & Fun' New Release

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We are happy to announce the release of our latest paperback - the first ' Activity Book' & second title in our 'Catholic Educational Series'. As you may know, we count on book sales to keep our site going, so we thank you very much for your support! Additional detail about our newest book can be found below or at

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COLORING BOOK FOR CATHOLICS: 50+ LATIN PRAYERS (Beginning-Intermediate-Advanced)

"A Fun Way To Become More Familiar With Latin Prayers & Increase Latin Language Retention!"

A Activity Book - "Great for most any age!"

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"Coloring Book For Catholics: 50+ Latin Prayers" - Click for more information & to purchase

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"This Catholic coloring book - which provides hours of wholesome & educational recreation - is so much better for your soul than television!"

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Designed for Catholics of most any age, this "unique", tradition-minded coloring book contains some of the most popular Catholic prayers in Latin, from aspirations to longer prayers. This full-sized book (8.5 x 11 inches) features...

* 50+ Catholic prayers in Latin for coloring

* English translation of prayer on reverse

* Various decorative icons may adorn pages (some can be colored)

It's great for...

* Individual Catholics & Catholic families

* Tradition-minded Catholics

* Homeschoolers

* Latin students

* Latin language lovers

* Seniors

It includes...

* 'Blank' back pages (which help prevent bleed-through) [page backs do contain translations at top]

* A variety of fonts (both with and without accents & diphthongs)

* Pages for beginner to intermediate to advanced levels (overall the book may lean towards intermediate/advanced)

* A convenient table of contents

* A handy index of prayers from A - Z

* Numbered pages (needed for table of contents & index)

* Titles in English and/or Latin

This 'educational & fun' publication is useful for...

* Educational recreation ('learn while you play')

* Wholesome relaxation

* Becoming more familiar with Latin prayers

* Learning or brushing up on Latin

* Becoming more familiar with hundreds of Latin words

* Learning or memorizing Latin prayers

* Increasing Latin retention

* Learning new prayers

* Prayerful relaxation

You can also use this book...

* As a handy reference material for Latin prayers

* As a travel activity

* As a homeschooling resource

* As 'giant' flash cards (pages contain Latin coloring on front with English translation on back)

* As prayerful Catholic artwork (completed pages can be torn out and framed - simply cut off or cover page numbers)

It contains a variety of basic prayers, aspirations, and more. For example...

* Acts of Charity (Actus Caritatis)

* Act of Contrition (Actus Contritionis)

* Act of Faith (Actus Fidei)

* Act of Hope (Actus Spei)

* Angelus

* Anima Christi

* Apostles' Creed (Credo)

* Confiteor

* Gloria in Excelsis

* Glory Be (Gloria)

* Hail Mary (Ave Maria)

* Hail, Holy Queen (Salve Regina)

* Mass Prayers (at elevation of the Sacred Host & Chalice, before & at Holy Communion)

* Memorare

* Our Father / Lord's Prayer (Pater Noster / Oratio Dominica)

* Prayer Before & After Meals (Grace)

* Prayer Before a Crucifix

* Prayer for the Departed

* Prayer for Vocations

* Prayer to One's Guardian Angel (Angele Dei)

* Regina Caeli

* Rosary Prayers (Incl. Sign of the Cross Prayer, Apostles' Creed, Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be, Fatima Prayer/Mi Jesu, Hail Holy Queen, 10/7 Collect)

* Sanctus

* Sign of the Cross Prayer (Signum Crucis)

* St. Michael the Archangel Prayer (Sancte Michael Archangele)

* Sub Tuum Praesidium

* And more...

"Great for the entire family, it's a fun way to learn Latin prayers and boost retention!"

We hope you will find this book to be both enjoyable, and an instructive tool with respect to Latin, the 'beautiful & majestic language of heaven' and 'official language of the Church' - a language 'consecrated' by the inscription on the Cross that helps to foster a universal bond in prayer with Catholics around the world.

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Get your copy today! Also makes a great gift!

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Limitations & Notes

* For private use only.

* Designed for Catholics.

* Prayers may contain traditional wording.

* All applicable items (including wording, translation, capitalization, spelling, punctuation, symbols, accents, etc.) may vary.

* Special characters, accents, symbols, diphthongs, etc. are not included on all pages.

* Coloring pages are primarily text-based. Some icons are decorative and may not be intended for coloring.

* Does not contain pronunciation information.

* No copying or any other duplication allowed (sorry, no digital or pdf copy is available).

* We make no guarantee regarding any item.

See terms of use for other important information.

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For additional information & to purchase, see link below...

Paperback - Just $7.99! -

Note: Any prices indicated herein are subject to change at any time without notice and do not include any applicable taxes. For current pricing, click applicable link(s).

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Liturgical Feasts in October

The following is a listing of all liturgical feast dates for October as they appear at

Note: (T) = Traditional, (N) = New (Novus Ordo)

Reminder: Feasts may be superseded / transferred / etc.

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October 1 - St. Remigius (T)

October 1 - St. Theresa of the Child Jesus (N)

October 2 - The Holy Guardian Angels (T)

October 2 - The Guardian Angels (N)

October 3 - St. Teresa of the Child Jesus (T)

October 4 - St. Francis of Assisi (T)

October 4 - St. Francis of Assisi (N)

October 5 - St. Placid & companions (T)

October 6 - St. Bruno (T)

October 6 - St. Bruno (N)

October 7 - Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary (T)

October 7 - St. Mark, pope (T)

October 7 - Sts. Marcellus & Apuleius (T)

October 7 - Sts. Sergius & Bacchus (T)

October 7 - Our Lady of the Rosary (N)

October 8 - St. Bridget of Sweden (T)

October 9 - St. John Leonardi (T)

October 9 - Sts. Denis, Rusticus & Eleutherius (T)

October 9 - St. Denis & companions (N)

October 9 - St. John Leonardi (N)

October 10 - St. Francis Borgia (T)

October 11 - The Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (T)

October 13 - St. Edward, king of England (T)

October 14 - St. Callistus I, pope (T)

October 14 - St. Callistus I, pope (N)

October 15 - St. Teresa of Avila (T)

October 15 - St. Teresa of Avila (N)

October 16 - St. Hedwig (T)

October 16 - St. Hedwig (N)

October 16 - St. Margaret Mary Alacoque (N)

October 17 - St. Margaret Mary Alacoque (T)

October 17 - St. Ignatius of Antioch (N)

October 18 - St. Luke the Evangelist (T)

October 18 - St. Luke the Evangelist (N)

October 19 - St. Peter of Alcantara (T)

October 19 - St. Paul of the Cross (N)

October 19 - Sts. Isaac Jogues, John de Brebeuf & companions (N)

October 20 - St. John Cantius (T)

October 21 - St. Hilarion (T)

October 21 - St. Ursula & companions (T)

October 23 - St. John of Capistrano (N)

October 24 - St. Raphael the Archangel (T)

October 24 - St. Anthony Claret (N)

October 25 - Sts. Chrysanthus & Daria (T)

October 26 - St. Evaristus, pope (T)

October 28 - Sts. Simon & Jude, apostles (T)

October 28 - Sts. Simon & Jude, apostles (N)

October 31 - Vigil of All Saints (T)

Please Note: Above may exclude moveable feasts. For moveable feasts, see below and try here: . For other feasts, try the MCS Daily Digest each day at


10/28/18 - Feast of the Kingship of Our Lord Jesus Christ (T) [Refresher re: traditional timing of this feast: "It is not necessary, Venerable Brethren, that We should explain to you at any length why We have decreed that this feast of the Kingship of Christ should be observed in addition to those other feasts in which his kingly dignity is already signified and celebrated. It will suffice to remark that although in all the feasts of our Lord the material object of worship is Christ, nevertheless their formal object is something quite distinct from his royal title and dignity. We have commanded its observance on a Sunday in order that not only the clergy may perform their duty by saying Mass and reciting the Office, but that the laity too, free from their daily tasks, may in a spirit of holy joy give ample testimony of their obedience and subjection to Christ. The last Sunday of October seemed the most convenient of all for this purpose, because it is at the end of the liturgical year, and thus the feast of the Kingship of Christ sets the crowning glory upon the mysteries of the life of Christ already commemorated during the year, and, before celebrating the triumph of all the Saints, we proclaim and extol the glory of him who triumphs in all the Saints and in all the Elect." (Pope Pius XI, "Quas Primas", 1925 A.D.)]

Note: The Feast of Christ the King is celebrated "after the triumph of all the Saints" in the Novus Ordo calendar, on the Sunday before Advent. [For more on the timing of this feast (October vs. November), please see Guest Article: 'Should the Feast of Christ the King Be Celebrated in October or November?' at . For more on Christ the King (incl. Act of Consecration), please try the Topic Page at ]


=> Looking for more recently added feasts?

The Vatican announced that the following feast days have been added to the general Roman calendar...

Pope John XXIII - October 11

Pope John Paul II - October 22

While the feast days have been added to the (Novus Ordo) calendar, they are "optional and not obligatory memorials."

[Ref.: Newsflash (9/12/14) - ]

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'Catholic Trivia'

1. Who does St. Gregory of Nazianz say the Gospels were written for?

2. What do our guardian angels do for us?

3. What does St. Francis of Assisi say a man is?

4. According to St. John Vianney, the necessities will never be lacking to who?

5. What are the crucifix and first five beads called on a Rosary?

6. Is it a acceptable to ask great things of God?

7. In the traditional liturgical calendar, what are vigils and how are they classified?

8. Is it acceptable to pray the Rosary silently during Mass?

9. Who are three patron saints for "desperate cases"?

10. What are the twofold duties of a priest according to the Catechism of the Council of Trent?



1. According to St. Gregory of Nazianz (c. 383 A.D.), "Matthew wrote the miracles of Christ for the Hebrews, Mark for Italy, Luke for Greece; John for all, the great herald reaching to the heavens."

2. "Our guardian angels pray for us, protect and guide us, and offer our prayers, good works and desires to God." (Baltimore Catechism)

3. "Blessed is the servant who esteems himself no better when he is praised and exalted by people than when he is considered worthless, simple, and despicable; for what a man is before God, that he is and nothing more." (St. Francis of Assisi)

4. "To him who seeks only to please God and to save his soul, the necessities will never be lacking." (St. John Vianney)

5. The crucifix and first five beads of the Rosary are called the "pendent".

6. Yes. As St. Teresa of Avila, Doctor of the Church states, "You pay God a compliment by asking great things of Him."

7. In the traditional calendar, "Vigils, or eves, are a preparation, by a special office for the celebration of the next day's feast. They are days of penance", and they are classified as follows: privileged vigils (of the first or second class), and ordinary vigils. [Ref. St. Andrew Daily Missal]

8. Yes, it is acceptable to pray the Rosary during Mass (however, one should be quiet with one's beads and prayers so as not to distract others). As Pope Pius XII said, "So varied and diverse are men's talents and characters that it is impossible for all to be moved and attracted to the same extent by community prayers, hymns and liturgical services. Moreover, the needs and inclinations of all are not the same, nor are they always constant in the same individual. Who, then, would say, on account of such a prejudice, that all these Christians cannot participate in the Mass nor share its fruits? On the contrary, they can adopt some other method which proves easier for certain people; for instance, they can lovingly meditate on the mysteries of Jesus Christ or perform other exercises of piety or recite prayers which, though they differ from the sacred rites, are still essentially in harmony with them." (Pope Pius XII, "Mediator Dei", 1947 A.D.)

9. Patron saints for "desperate cases" include: St. Gregory the Wonderworker, St. Jude, and St. Rita of Cascia.

10. According to the Catechism of the Council of Trent, "The priest's duties are twofold. The first is to consecrate and administer the Sacraments properly; the second is to instruct the people entrusted to him in all that they must know or do in order to be saved. Hence the words of the Prophet Malachias: The lips of the priest shall keep knowledge and they shall seek the Law at his mouth; because his is the angel of the Lord of hosts."


For more information concerning the topics above, try our General A-Z Index at

Like trivia? You might enjoy our crossword puzzles located at

You might also be interested in the Q & A and historical information which may be found each day on the MCS Daily Digest at

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Defending the Faith: "Apologetics Brief" - Do You Believe That St. Peter Was Never in Rome?

It is good for Catholics to be able to defend their faith against attacks (or even simple questions) from those outside the Church. We therefore hope you may find the following "apologetics brief" helpful.

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Note: Text below is taken from  

The following may be used as discussion points when discoursing with those outside the Church (or even among Catholics).

Topic: Do You Believe That St. Peter Was Never in Rome? (Note: Topic is directed at certain Protestants)


* How can you deny Peter was in Rome despite the numerous written testimonies to the contrary? For example, consider...

- Text of fragment dating from c. 198 A.D. to 217 A.D.: "I can point out the [trophies, that is the relics] of the Apostles. For if you are willing to go to the Vatican or to the Ostian Way, you will find the [trophies] of those who founded this Church"

- "Ad. An. Dom. 42: Second year of the two hundred and fifth olympiad: the Apostle Peter, after he has established the Church in Antioch, is sent to Rome, where he remains as bishop of that city, preaching the gospel for twenty-five years." ('The Chronicle', Eusebius Pamphilus, c. 303 A.D.)

- "Ad. An. Dom. 68: Fourth year of the two hundred and eleventh olympiad: Nero is the first, in addition to all his other crimes, to make a persecution against the Christians, in which Peter and Paul died gloriously at Rome." ('The Chronicle', Eusebius Pamphilus, c. 303 A.D.)

- "You have also, by your very admonition, brought together the planting that was made by Peter and Paul at Rome and at Corinth; for both of them alike planted in our Corinth and taught us; and both alike, teaching similarly in Italy, suffered martyrdom at the same time." (St. Dionysius of Corinth, c. 166-174 A.D.)

- "Peter, the first chosen of the Apostles, having been apprehended often and thrown into prison and treated with ignominy, at last was crucified in Rome. And the renowned Paul, oftentimes having been delivered up and put in peril of death, having endured many evils, and boasting of his numerous persecutions and afflictions, was even himself put to the sword and beheaded in the same city." (St. Peter of Alexandria, c. 306 A.D.)

- "The holy Apostles and disciples of the Savior, however, were scattered throughout the whole world. Thomas, as tradition holds, received Parthia by lot; Andrew, Scythia; John, Asia, busying himself among the people there until he died at Ephesus. Peter, however, seems to have preached to the Jews it the diaspora in the Pontus and in Galatia, Bithynia, Cappadocia, and Asia; and at last, having come to Rome, he was crucified head downwards, the manner in which he himself had thought it fitting to suffer. Is it needful to say anything of Paul, who fulfilled the gospel of Christ from Jerusalem to Illyricum, and afterwards in the time of Nero was martyred in Rome?" ('History of the Church', c. 300-325 A.D.)

- "When Nero was already reigning Peter came to Rome, where, in virtue of the performance of certain miracles which he worked by that power of God which as been given to him, he converted many to righteousness and established a firm and steadfast temple to God. When this fact was reported to Nero, he noticed that not only at Rome but everywhere great multitudes were daily abandoning the worship of idols, and, condemning their old ways, were going over to the new religion. Being that he was a detestable and pernicious tyrant, he sprang to the task of tearing down the heavenly temple and of destroying righteousness. It was he that first persecuted the servants of God. Peter, he fixed to a cross; and Paul, he slew." (From 'The Deaths of the Persecutors', c. 318 A.D.)

- "Come now, if you would indulge a better curiosity in the business of your salvation, run through the apostolic Churches in which the very thrones of the Apostles remain still in place; in which their own authentic writings are read, giving sound to the voice and recalling the faces of each. Achaia is near you, so you have Corinth. If you are not far from Macedonia, you have Philippi. If you can cross into Asia, you have Ephesus. But if you are near to Italy, you have Rome, whence also our authority derives. How happy is that Church on which Apostles poured out their whole doctrine along with their blood, where Peter endured a passion like that of the Lord, where Paul was crowned in a death like John's [that is, John the Baptist], where the Apostle John, after being immersed in boiling oil suffered no hurt, was exiled to an island." [Tertullian ("an excellent early Christian writer" - although he would ultimately fall into heresy), c. 200 A.D.]

* Why is it that those who attempt to associate Revelation's 'Babylon' with the Catholic Church (saying that Babylon refers to Rome) deny that St. Peter's own reference to 'Babylon' (see 1 Pt. 5:13) means Rome? Is it because it doesn't suit their agenda? Because it proves the falsity of their claims?

* How can you deny that Peter was in Rome considering that it is been demonstrated that he was buried there (his relics have been shown to be directly under the altar in St. Peter's Basilica) and that pilgrims have been visiting there at least since c. 150 A.D.? Further, why has no one else ever claimed his relics?

* How is it that St. Irenaeus, a pupil of St. Polycarp (who was a hearer of John the Apostle) says that "Peter and Paul were evangelizing in Rome and laying the foundation of the Church" and all the evidence testifies to this fact, but you know better? Were you there?

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"On seven hills had pagan Rome set up her pageantry and built temples to her false gods; seven churches now appear at the summits on which purified Rome rests her now truly eternal foundations." (Liturgical Year)

"To manifest his power still more effectively, [Christ] ordained that the head of his Church should be in Rome itself, the capital of the world, as a sign of his complete victory and that thence faith should spread to the whole world" (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Caesar Augustus has long ruled over Pagan Rome, and she thinks herself the kingdom that is to have no end; but she and her Rulers must yield to the Eternal King and his eternal city: the throne of earthly power must now give place for the Throne of Christian charity, and a new Rome is to spring up, grander than the first." (Gueranger)

"The heaven is not so bright, when the sun sends forth his rays, as is the city of Rome, sending out these two lights into all the world. Thence Paul will be caught up, thence Peter... What two crowns has the city about it, with what golden chains it is girded about, what fountains it has! Therefore I admire the city, not for its much gold, not for its columns, not for any other phantasy, but for these pillars of the Church." (St. John Chrysostom, Doctor of the Church, 4th century A.D.)

"O Peter, we also hail thy glorious tomb!... If all nations are moved at the tidings of thy triumphant death; if all tongues proclaim that from Rome the law of the Lord must come forth unto the whole world; is it not because thy death has turned Babylon into that city of divine oracles hailed by the son of Amos in his prophecy? Is it not because the mountain prepared in distant ages to bear the house of the Lord comes forth from the midst and stands in daylight before all peoples?" (Liturgical Year)

"[W]e know the Church was Roman - that it was born and grew within the confines of the Roman Empire. We also know that Rome was a focal point of early Church authority. By the stated directive of Jesus choosing Peter for a special mission - 'I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven' - and by the martyrdom of the two foremost apostles, Rome, capital of empire and bishopric of Peter, became Rome, capital of the faith, and was recognized as such by the early Church." (Crocker)

"Peter's death confirms the queen of the Gentile world in her august prerogatives of sovereign lady, mother and bride; but the starting point of all this greatness was the solemn moment in which the Vicar of the Man-God, shaking the dust from his feet over Jerusalem, turned his face westwards, and transferred to Rome those rights which the Synagogue had repudiated. It was on quitting Herod's prison that all this happened. 'And going out of the city,' says the Acts, 'he went into another place.' (Acts xii. 17) This other place, according to the testimony of history and tradition, is no other than Rome, then about to become the new Sion, where Simon Peter arrived some weeks afterwards." (Liturgical Year)

"The moment for entering into this same glory [of martyrdom] came at last for Peter himself. 'When thou shalt be old,' his Master had mysteriously said to him, 'thou shalt stretch forth thy hands and another shall gird thee, and lead thee wither thou wouldst not.' So Peter was to attain an advanced age; like his Master, he must stretch forth his arms upon a cross; he must know captivity and the weight of chains with which a foreigner's hand will load him; he must be subjected to death, in its violent form, from which nature recoils, and drink the chalice from which even his divine Master himself prayed to be spared. But, like his Master also, he will arise strong in the divine aid and will press forward to the cross... On the day fixed by God's decree, pagan power gave orders for the apostle's arrest. Details are wanting as to the judicial procedure which followed, but the constant tradition of the Roman Church is that he was incarcerated in the Mamertine prison. By this name is known the dungeon constructed at the foot of the Capitoline hill by Ancus Martius, and afterwards completed by Servius Tullius, whence it is also called Carcer Tullianus. Two outer staircases, called 'the steps of sights,' led to this frightful den. An upper dungeon gave immediate entrance to that which was to receive the prisoner and never to deliver him up alive, unless he were destined to a public execution. To be put into this horrible place, he had to be let down by cords, through an opening above, and by the same was he finally drawn up again, whether dead or alive. The vaulting of this lower dungeon was high, and its darkness was utter and horrible, so that it was an easy task to guard a captive detained there, especially if he were laden with chains. On the twenty-ninth of June, in the year sixty-seven, Peter was at length drawn up to be led to death. According to Roman law, he must first be subjected to the scourge, the usual prelude to capital punishment. An escort of soldiers conducted the apostle to his place of martyrdom, outside the city walls, as the laws required. Peter was marched to execution, followed by a large number of the faithful, drawn by affection along his path, and for his sake defying every peril... There is something supremely grand in the taking possession of these places by the Vicar of the Man-God. The apostle, having reached the spot and come up to the instrument of death, implored of his executioners to set him thereon, not in the usual way, but head downwards, in order, said he, that the servant be not seen in the position once taken by the Master. His request was granted; and Christian tradition, in all ages, renders testimony to this act which adds further evidence to the deep humility of so great an apostle. Peter, with outstretched arms, prayed for the city, prayed for the whole world, while his blood flowed down upon that Roman soil, the conquest of which he had just achieved. At this moment Rome became for ever the new Jerusalem. When the apostle had gone through the whole round of his sufferings, he expired; but he was to live again in each one of his successors to the end of time." (Liturgical Year)

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For more apologetics resources, please visit

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In Closing...

"And he hath on his garment and on his thigh written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS." (Apoc. 19:16)

"[M]ay the beads of the Rosary be in the hands of all" (Pope Pius XII, "Ad Caeli Reginam", 1954 A.D.)

"When once men recognize, both in private and in public life, that Christ is King, society will at last receive the great blessings of real liberty, well-ordered discipline, peace and harmony." (Pope Pius XI, "Quas Primas", 1925 A.D.)

"There is a certain curious instrument which marks with great accuracy the different degrees of temperature. It contains a fluid which rises when the weather is warm, and falls again as the weather grows cold. You have seen, no doubt, the instrument of which I speak: it is called a thermometer. Now, there is another kind of thermometer, not indeed of the natural, but of the supernatural life - a thermometer which indicates very correctly the warmth of faith in a Catholic, in a family, in a community; and this instrument is the Rosary. It is a well-known fact that wherever the Devotion of the Rosary is practiced, there faith is warm and active." (Muller)

"May Mary, the Mother of God and of men, herself the authoress and teacher of the Rosary, procure for Us its happy fulfillment." (Pope Leo XIII, "Laetitiae Sanctae", 1893 A.D.)

"...for not only has our Lord set Bishops to guard the Flock, he has set the very Angels." (St. Ambrose, Doctor of the Church)

"He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father: and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever." (Lk. 1:32)

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