IMPORTANT NOTICE: Due to medical reasons, please expect sporadic delays in all correspondence & services (including processing of posts) over the next few months. We apologize for any inconvenience and thank you for any prayers.


Please Bookmark This Site, Link To Us & Tell Your Friends!

My Catholic Source.com Christ the King of All Nations My Catholic Source.com My Catholic Source.com

My Catholic Source.com Home

Help

Join E-Mail List

Support This Site

Bookmark Site

Tell a Friend

Link to Us

FAQs

Feedback

By Using This Site, You Agree To All Terms

Search

 

General Info. Regarding Extreme Unction

Return to Sacraments Section

Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick

Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick 

Important Notice: By using this site you indicate agreement to all terms. For more terms information, see below and click here.


"Extreme Unction is a sacrament of the New Law, its effect is the remission of sins." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

 "Extreme Unction is the Sacrament which through the anointing and prayer of the priest gives health and strength to the soul, and sometimes to the body, when we are in danger of death from sickness." (Baltimore Catechism)


Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick

Also Called: The Sacrament of the Dying / The Sacrament of the Departing

"Moreover the thing signified and the effect of this sacrament are explained in those words; And the prayer of faith shall save the sick man, and the Lord shall raise him up, and if he be in sins they shall be forgiven him. For the thing here signified is the grace of the Holy Ghost; whose anointing cleanses away sins, if there be any still to be expiated, as also the remains of sins; and raises up and strengthens the soul of the sick person, by exciting in him a great confidence in the divine mercy; whereby the sick being supported, bears more easily the inconveniences and pains of his sickness; and more readily resists the temptations of the devil who lies in wait for his heel; and at times obtains bodily health, when expedient for the welfare of the soul." (Council of Trent, 1551 A.D.)

Click Link Below or Scroll Down to View All:


Type of Sacrament

Is Sacrament Obligatory?

Recipients

Can This Sacrament Be Repeated?

When Should Sacrament Be Received?

General Prerequisites

Ordinary Ministers

Form / Matter

Chief Effects

Additional Information

For More Information Regarding Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick, Try...

Type of Sacrament: 'Sacrament of Healing' / 'Sacrament of the Living'  (click here for more info.

Is Sacrament Obligatory? While it is not strictly obligatory for salvation, it is strongly recommended.

"Can. 944 Although this sacrament of itself is not necessary as a means to salvation, it is not licit for anyone to neglect it; and every care and precaution should be taken that the infirm, while still in possession of their faculties, should receive it." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

Recipients: Baptized Catholics who have reached the age of reason who are in danger of death (e.g. from accident, injury, disease, sickness, old age). It is also good to receive this sacrament before surgery (as applicable) and if one's frailty in old age "becomes more pronounced". Note that one should not wait until the very brink of death to receive this sacrament.

"Can. 1005 If there is any doubt as to whether the sick person has reached the age of reason, or is dangerously ill, or is dead, this sacrament is to be administered." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Extreme Unction may be given to all [Catholics who are] dangerously ill, who have ever been capable of committing sin after baptism and who have the right dispositions for the Sacrament. Hence it is never given to children who have not reached the use of reason, nor to persons who have always been insane." (Baltimore Catechism)

Can This Sacrament Be Repeated? Yes. The sacrament may be repeated each time the person is seriously ill, after relapses, or after an illness worsens.

"Can. 1004 §. The anointing of the sick can be administered to a member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger due to sickness or old age. §2 This sacrament can be repeated if the sick person, having recovered, again becomes gravely ill or if the condition becomes more grave during the same [or another] illness." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Sometimes a disease lasts long after the sacrament has been received, so that the remnants of sin, against which chiefly this sacrament is given, would be contracted. Therefore it ought to be given again... And if the sick man escape that danger while the disease continues, and be brought again thereby to the same state of danger, he can be anointed again, because it is, as it were, another state of sickness, although strictly speaking, it is not another sickness." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

When Should Sacrament Be Received? As soon as possible, preferably while the sick person has use of his senses.

"We should receive Extreme Unction when we are in danger of death from sickness, or from a wound or accident." (Baltimore Catechism)

"We should not wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction, but if possible we should receive it while we have the use of our senses." (Baltimore Catechism) 

"Extreme Unction should be received when the illness is dangerous, and after the sick person has received, if possible, the sacraments of Penance and the Blessed Eucharist; it is even well to receive it while he has the use of his senses, and has still some hope of recovery." (Catechism of St. Pius X)

"It is well to receive Extreme Unction while the sick person retains the use of his senses, and while there remains some hope of his recovery because: (1) He thus receives it with better dispositions, and is hence able to derive greater fruit from it; (2) This sacrament restores health of body (should it be for the good of the soul) by assisting the powers of nature; and hence it should not be deferred until recovery is despaired of." (Catechism of St. Pius X)

"Now only the sick need a remedy, and therefore this Sacrament is to be administered to those only whose malady is such as to excite apprehensions of approaching death. It is, however, a very grievous sin to defer the Holy Unction until, all hope of recovery being lost, life begins to ebb, and the sick person is fast verging into a state of insensibility. It is obvious that if the Sacrament is administered while consciousness and reason are yet unimpaired, and the mind is capable of eliciting acts of faith and of directing the will to sentiments of piety, a more abundant participation of its graces must be received. Though this heavenly medicine is in itself always salutary, pastors should be careful to apply it when its efficacy can be aided by the piety and devotion of the sick person." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)

General Prerequisites: Recipients should have the proper disposition, including repentance for past sins

"We should receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction in the state of grace, and with lively faith and resignation to the will of God." (Baltimore Catechism)

"Can. 1007 The anointing of the sick is not to be conferred upon those who obstinately persist in a manifestly grave sin." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"The principal dispositions for receiving Extreme Unction are: To be in the state of grace; to have confidence in the power of this sacrament and in the mercy of God and to be resigned to the will of the Lord." (Catechism of St. Pius X)

"Can. 942 This sacrament is not to be conferred on those who are impenitent, persevering contumaciously in manifest mortal sin; if there is doubt about this, it should be conferred under condition." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"The right dispositions for Extreme Unction are: (1) Resignation to the Will of God with regard to our recovery; (2) A state of grace or at least contrition for sins committed, and (3) A general intention or desire to receive the Sacrament. This Sacrament is never given to heretics in danger of death, because they cannot be supposed to have the intention necessary for receiving it, nor the desire to make use of the Sacrament of Penance in putting themselves in a state of grace." (Baltimore Catechism)

Ordinary Ministers: Priests (or Bishops)

Note: Only validly ordained bishops & priests may confer this sacrament. Lay persons (and nuns) may NOT administer this sacrament

Form / Matter: Prayers / Anointing (various areas of the body), Oil

Chief Effects:

* Confers grace

* Remits sin

* Diminishes the debt of temporal punishment

* Comforts the sick

* May heal the body if advantageous for the recipient and if the recipient has faith

* Helps prepare the sick or aged person for eternal life

* Strengthens one to bear suffering 

* "The effects of Extreme Unction are: 1) To comfort us in the pains of sickness and to strengthen us against temptations, 2) To remit venial sins and to cleanse our soul from the remains of sin, and 3) To restore us to health, when God sees fit." (Baltimore Catechism)

* "The sacrament of Extreme Unction produces the following effects: (1) It increases sanctifying grace; (2) It remits venial sins, and also mortal sins which the sick person, if contrite, is unable to confess; (3) It takes away weakness and sloth which remain even after pardon has been obtained; (4) It gives strength to bear illness patiently, to withstand temptation and to die holily; (5) It aids in restoring us to health of body if it is for the good of the soul." (Catechism of St. Pius X)

* Strengthens one in one's final battle with devil: "From it, moreover, we derive another advantage, which may justly be deemed the greatest of all. For although the enemy of the human race never ceases, while we live, to meditate our ruin and destruction, yet at no time does he more violently use every effort utterly to destroy us, and, if possible, deprive us of all hope of the divine mercy, than when he sees the last day of life approach. Therefore arms and strength are supplied to the faithful in this Sacrament to enable them to break the violence and impetuosity of the adversary, and to fight bravely against him; for the soul of the sick is relieved and encouraged by the hope of the divine goodness, strengthened by which it bears more lightly all the burdens of sickness, and eludes with greater ease the artifice and cunning of the devil who lies in wait for it." (Catechism of the Council of Trent) 

* Frees from solicitude: "Another advantage of the Sacred Unction is that it liberates the soul from the languor and infirmity which it contracted from sins, and from all the other remains of sin. The time most opportune for this cure is when we are afflicted with severe illness and danger to life impends, for it has been implanted in man by nature to dread no human visitation so much as death. This dread is greatly augmented by the recollection of our past sins, especially if our conscience accuses us of grave offences; for it is written: They shall come with fear at the thought of their sins, and their iniquities shall stand against them to convict them. Another source of vehement anguish is the anxious thought that we must soon afterwards stand before the judgment seat of God, who will pass on us a sentence of strictest justice according to our deserts. It often happens that, struck with this terror, the faithful feel themselves deeply agitated; and nothing conduces more to a tranquil death than to banish sadness, await with a joyous mind the coming of our Lord, and be ready willingly to surrender the deposit entrusted whenever it shall be His will to demand it back. To free the minds of the faithful from this solicitude, and fill the soul with pious and holy joy is, then, an effect of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)


Additional Information:

* Extreme Unction does not replace the sacrament of Penance, which is especially necessary if one is not in the state of grace. As stated in the Catechism of the Council of Trent: "As all care should be taken that nothing impede the grace of the Sacrament, and as nothing is more opposed to it than the consciousness of mortal guilt, the constant practice of the Catholic Church must be observed of administering the Sacrament of Penance and the Eucharist before Extreme Unction." 

* May be joined by Viaticum: "Can. 921 §1 Christ's faithful who are in danger of death from whatever cause are to be strengthened by Holy Communion in the form of Viaticum." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

* "There is no Sacrament, the administration of which is accompanied with more numerous prayers; and with good reason, for at that moment more than ever the faithful require the assistance of pious prayers. All who may be present, and especially the pastor, should pour out their fervent aspirations to God, and earnestly commend to His mercy the life and salvation of the sufferer." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)

* Although Extreme Unction "was not instituted primarily for the remission of grave offences; only Baptism and Penance accomplish this directly" (Catechism of the Council of Trent), the Baltimore Catechism states that "Extreme Unction will take away mortal sin if the dying person is no longer able to confess, providing he has the sorrow for his sins that would be necessary for the worthy reception of the Sacrament of Penance."

* If the sacrament is received in one's home, certain items should be available. As stated in the Baltimore Catechism: "When the priest is coming to give the last Sacraments, the following things should be prepared: A table covered with a white cloth; a crucifix; two lighted candles in candlesticks; holy water in a small vessel, with a [clean] small piece of palm for a sprinkler; a glass of clean water; a tablespoon and a napkin or cloth to be placed under the chin of the one receiving the Viaticum. Besides these, if Extreme Unction is also to be given, there should be some cotton and a small piece of bread or lemon to purify the priest's fingers." [Note: "It seems most proper that the things necessary for the last Sacraments should be carefully kept in every Catholic home, and should never, if possible, be used for any other purpose." (Baltimore Catechism)]. Also, the Baltimore Catechism states: "The further preparation for the administration of the last Sacraments requires that out of respect for the Sacraments, and in particular of for the presence of Our Lord, everything about the sick room, the sick person and even the attendants, should be made as neat and clean as possible. Especially should the face, hands and feet of the one to be anointed be thoroughly clean."

* "On seeing the priest, the sick person should feel thankful to God for having sent him; and should gladly receive the comforts of religion, which, if he is able, he should request himself." (Catechism of St. Pius X)

* In cases of serious illness when a sick person will not consent or is afraid to receive the Sacraments or wishes to put off their reception, the Baltimore Catechism suggests: "In case of serious illness, if the sick person will not consent, or is afraid to receive the Sacraments, or, at least wishes to put off their reception, we should send for a good priest at once and let him do what he thinks best in the case, and thus we will free ourselves from the responsibility of letting a Catholic die without the last Sacraments."

* Although the sacrament should certainly be received while one is clearly living, a priest is justly called even after apparent death (e.g. when the person has no heartbeat, no brainwaves, no breathing, etc.), since one cannot be certain that the soul has left the body until the body reaches a certain, irreversible state (i.e. putrefaction). [Note: If a priest does not wish to come after apparent death, he may be reminded of his obligation. Note that he may give the sacrament conditionally if he thinks the person is dead.]

* Penance, Extreme Unction and Holy Viaticum are considered the last Sacraments which "prepare us for our heavenly homeland".

Scroll Down For More...

For More Information Regarding Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick, Try...


The Catechism of the Council of Trent on Extreme Unction

Sickness / Extreme Unction (Topic Page)

Selections From the Baltimore Catechism - Q & A Format! 

Tip: Select "Display by Lesson", then select lesson number corresponding to Extreme Unction.

Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick Reflections

Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick (Topical Scripture)

Prayers For Final Perseverance / Happy Death

Suffering & Death (Catholic Life Section)

Catholic Basics


Important Notice: Information herein is provided for informational purposes only and is not comprehensive. All applicable items herein are subject to variation / change and may be based on traditional practices. Items herein may be limited to traditional wording and may vary by rite. Certain items herein, if applicable, may be relaxed by the Church in danger of death or in other special cases. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein. We are not liable for any occurrence which may result from using this site. Use of site is at your own risk and is subject to our terms of use. Not an official / scholarly summary. Contact appropriate Church authorities for current information, additional detail, etc. By using this site you indicate agreement to all terms. For more terms information, click here.


By using this site you indicate agreement to all terms. For terms information, see "Important Notice" above and click here.

Help | Terms of UseOther FAQs

 

 

Also See...

* Sickness/Extreme Unction (Topic Page)

* Sacraments (Topic Page)

* Sin (Topic Page)

* Death (Topic Page)

* Grace (Topic Page)

 

MCS Directory

(click here)

"Your Source For All Things Catholic!"

Click for Listings from 'Advertising' to 'Wholesalers'

List Your Catholic Product or Catholic Service FREE! Other listings just $24.95/yr.!+

List Your Business+

Sales & Specials

(click here)

'Click to Save on Catholic & Non-Catholic Products and Services'

Place Your Ad+

Catholic Community Center 

Completely Free!

Announcements

Answered Prayers

Catholic Basics

Catholic Book Review & Exchange

Catholic Events

Catholic Fun & Activities

Catholic Life

Catholic Links

Catholic News Links / Current Issues

Catholic Seniors

Church Talk

Coming Home

Feed Your Faith

Give & Take

Good News

Increase Holiness

Latin Mass & Catholic Tradition

Mary Our Mother

Non-Catholics

Notable Catholic Laity

Our Father's Love

Personal Stories of Inspiration

Prayer Requests

Prayers & Devotions

Priests & Vocations

Rosary

Sacraments

Saints

Scripture/Parables

Scripture Exchange

St. Francis Page for Pets

Vatican View

Volunteers' Corner

Why I Love Being Catholic

Support Your Community Center

'Pin it'

'Tweet This Site'

Notice: Clicking links above

leaves this site

More Information

Problem With Link?

Click to Support Quality Catholic Content - FREE!

Click for Vatican Gifts Starting Under $5.00

Our Pledge To Donors

What Your Donation Might Do

About Us

Classifieds

(click here)

Place Your Ad Today For Just $9.95!+

Announcements

Catholic Buddies

Catholic Organizations / Groups

Catholic Products

Catholic Services

Employment / Occupational

For Sale

Professional Services / Trades

Miscellaneous

Other Products

Other Services

Wanted

More...

 

 

   

 

 

 

Home

MCS Daily Digest

Quick Guide to This Site

What's New

Reception Desk

Notices

Coming Soon

Featured Sections

URL Shortcuts

Calendar

Goals / Purpose

This site is really free?

How can I add a "post" here?

Mission Statement

Privacy Statement

Imprimatur Information

Terms of Use

by using this site, you agree to all terms

MCS Directory

Community Center

Commercial Areas

Non-Catholics

About Us

FAQs

Tell a Friend

Invite a Business

Link to Us

My Catholic Source.com Blog & RSS Feed Info.

Third Party Programs

Awards

Feedback

Contact Us

This site powered by bfsnet.com

 Powered by bfsnet.com

Try Here For Great Catholic Apps!

Catholic Bible References (Click For More Information)

Catholic Bible References - Available on the App Store (click to download)

Catholic Bible References for Android - Available on Google Play (click to download)

Catholic Bible References for Android - Available at Amazon Appstore for Android (click to download)

iStations / Stations of the Cross (Click For More Information)

iStations - Available on the App Store (click to download)

iStations for Android - Available on Google Play (click to download)

iStations for Android - Available at Amazon Appstore for Android (click to download)

Saints4U (Click For More Information)

Saints4U - Available on the App Store (click to download)

Saints4U for Android - Available on Google Play (click to download)

Saints4U for Android - Available at Amazon Appstore for Android (click to download)

And Other Great Apps...

Speedy Dial! (Click For More Information)

Speedy Dial! - Available on the App Store (click to download)

Speedy Dial! for Android - Available on Google Play (click to download)

Speedy Dial! for Android - Available at Amazon Appstore for Android (click to download)

Just Checkin' In (Click For More Information)

Just Checkin' In - Available on the App Store (click to download)

Just Checkin' In for Android - Available on Google Play (click to download)

Just Checkin' In for Android - Available at Amazon Appstore for Android (click to download)

 

  


Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com

Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com [Click this image for Amazon Search - 'Catholic statues'] Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com [Click this image for Amazon Search - 'Catholic jewelry medals'] Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com [Click this image for Amazon Search - 'Crucifix'] Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com [Click this image for Amazon Search - 'Rosary beads'] Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com [Click this image for Amazon Search - 'Catholic artwork'] Click to shop at Amazon.com in support of MyCatholicSource.com

Notice: Clicking image/links above leaves this site. We do not recommend any website/product/service/seller/etc.

Reminder: Available items may differ from those pictured above.

More Information | Problem With Link?


iStations / Stations of the Cross (Click For More Information)       Catholic Bible References (Click For More Information)       Saints4U (Click For More Information)       Speedy Dial! (Click For More Information)       Just Checkin' In (Click For More Information)

Try Here For Great Catholic Apps!

Click For Android Versions


Please bookmark this site and visit often! 

| Home | Help | Quick Guide | Reception Desk | About Us | Terms of Use | Our MissionWhat's New |

| FAQs | Notices | MCS Calendar | MCS Daily Digest | Topic Pages | Featured Sections | Site Update |

| Check System Date/Time | URL Shortcuts | Question? | Code of Conduct | Privacy Statement |

| Section Info. | Your Posts | Timetables | Where to Post | Where to Find Posts | Submission Tips |

| Contribution Maximums | Support This Site | Tell a Friend | Invite a Business | Link to Us |

| Bookmark This Site | Guest BookDid You Know? | Site Benefits | Awards | Commercial Sections |

| MyCatholicSource.com Blog & RSS Feed Info. | Third Party Programs | Acknowledgements |

 | Search Site | Join Mailing List | Technical Assistance | Report Technical Problem |

| Post/User Problems | Contact Us | Feedback | Copyright Notice / Permissions |

| Make MyCatholicSource.com Your Default Home Page |

Thank you for being part of over 4,000,000 visitors to MyCatholicSource.com since 2009!  *

Click Here To Help Keep Us Online


Experiencing technical problems with this site? Please click "Report Technical Problem" link above

* Number of visits is based on raw, unfiltered access logs

+All ads subject to our terms. Price indicated may be base price for non-refundable processing fee, excluding tax, optional ad enhancements, etc. "Place your ad" / "list your business" / "list your Catholic product or service free" / etc. is not a guarantee that any ad will appear on this site. Payment of processing fee does not assure appearance of ad on site. References to target cycles (e.g. "just $##.##/yr.") are not guarantees [ads that appear on the site may appear for a longer or shorter time than the indicated target cycles (e.g. from 0 days to multiples of a target cycle)] and are subject to change at any time without notice (either retroactively or on a go-forward basis, either individually / selectively / grouped / or in total).

 

Reminders: You may not copy / distribute (including via e-mail, website, etc.) / sell / etc. information contained on this site (or any images) or use them for any commercial purpose whatsoever. All applicable content is owned by us and is protected by copyright laws. Any unauthorized reproduction / distribution / use of such content is prohibited by law and may result in severe civil and criminal penalties. Note that we reserve the right to prosecute violators to the maximum extent possible. Also note that views of others do not necessarily reflect our views. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein and we not responsible/liable for any consequences which may occur as a - direct or indirect - result of use of this site. By using this site (or associated materials), you agree to hold us harmless for all damages in connection with use of this site (or other materials), regardless of their nature. Remember that we are not a party to others' transactions / activities (including posting, browsing of posts/ads, transfers, contacts / correspondence, etc.) even if information regarding the transactions / activities appears on this site or other materials of ours, and that we do not mediate disputes. You are solely responsible for all consequences of your transactions / activities. Use of this site is at your own risk, with no liability whatsoever to us. By using this site, you agree to all terms. For more terms information, click here.

 

Copyright © 2001-2016, B.F.S. All rights reserved.

MyCatholicSource.com & BFSApps are divisions of B.F.S. | DR10.28.12 11:23:33 -0600LUP