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Reflections: Sacraments Sctn. (Confirmation)

Confirmation

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Confirmation

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Confirmation Basics / Misc.

Praise / Benefits of Confirmation

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Confirmation (Topic Page) 

Confirmation (General Information) 

Confirmation (Catechism of the Council of Trent)

Confirmation (Topical Scripture)

Selections From the Baltimore Catechism Tip: Select "Display by Lesson", then select lesson number corresponding to Confirmation.

 

Category
Quotation

Confirmation Basics / Misc.

Also See: Confirmation (Topic Page)

"When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim." (Acts 2:1-4)

"Now when the apostles in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent them Peter and John, who went down and prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit, for it had not yet fallen upon any of them; they had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Then they laid hands on them and they received the Holy Spirit." (Acts 8:14-17)

"While Apollos was in Corinth, Paul traveled through the interior of the country and came (down) to Ephesus where he found some disciples. He said to them, 'Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you became believers?' They answered him, 'We have never even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.' He said, 'How were you baptized?' They replied, 'With the baptism of John.' Paul then said, 'John baptized with a baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, in Jesus.' When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul laid (his) hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke in tongues and prophesied." (Acts 19:1-6)

"Can. 790 This sacrament can be conferred at any time; it is most becoming that it be administered during Pentecost week." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"[T]he sacrament of Confirmation presupposes the sacrament of Baptism." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"[N]one receive the effect of Confirmation, without the desire of Confirmation" (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Can. 793 From the oldest practice of the Church, just as in baptism, so also in confirmation a sponsor is to be used, if this can be done." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"[O]ne who is not yet confirmed should not stand for another in Confirmation." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"If any one saith, that the ordinary minister of holy confirmation is not the bishop alone, but any simple priest soever; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)

"If any one saith, that they who ascribe any virtue to the sacred chrism of confirmation, offer an outrage to the Holy Ghost; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)

"[I]t matters not whether a man or a woman stand for one who is to be confirmed." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Concerning the point on which you sought to be informed, i.e. whether the imposition of the bishop's hand were a greater sacrament than Baptism, know that each is a great sacrament." (Pope St. Melchiades)

"Can. 791 Although the proper place for the administration of confirmation is a church, for causes that the minister judges to be just and reasonable, the sacrament can be conferred in any decent place." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 881 It is desirable that the sacrament of confirmation be celebrated in a church and indeed during Mass. However, for a just and reasonable cause it may be celebrated apart from Mass and in any fitting place." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 882 The ordinary minister of confirmation is a Bishop. A priest can also validly confer this sacrament if he has the faculty to do so, either from the general law or by way of a special grant from the competent authority." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 787 Although this sacrament is not necessary as a means of salvation, it is not permitted for anyone, when occasion arises, to neglect it; indeed, pastors shall take care that the faithful approach it at an opportune time." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 892 As far as possible the person to be confirmed is to have a sponsor. The sponsor's function is to take care that the person confirmed behaves as a true witness of Christ and faithfully fulfils the duties inherent in this sacrament." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 890 The faithful are bound to receive this sacrament at the proper time. Parents and pastors of souls, especially parish priests, are to see that the faithful are properly instructed to receive the sacrament and come to it at the opportune time." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 797 From a valid confirmation there arises between the one confirmed and the sponsor a spiritual relationship by which the sponsor is bound by the obligation of perpetual concern toward the one confirmed and of taking care for his Christian education." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 786 One not washed by the water of baptism cannot be validly confirmed; moreover, in order that one be fruitfully and licitly confirmed, he must be constituted in the state of grace, and if he has obtained the use of reason, be sufficiently instructed." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 891 The sacrament of confirmation is to be conferred on the faithful at about the age of discretion, unless the Episcopal Conference has decided on a different age, or there is a danger of death or, in the judgement of the minister, a grave reason suggests otherwise." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 77. If any deacon ruling the people without a bishop or priest baptizes some, the bishop will have to confirm these by a blessing; but if they should depart the world beforehand, in the faith in which anyone of them has believed, that one can be justified." (Council of Illiberi, c. 300/306 A.D.)

Error CONDEMNED by Pope St. Pius X in "Lamentabili": "There is no proof that the rite of the sacrament of confirmation was practiced by the apostles; but the formal distinction between the two sacraments, namely, baptism and confirmation, by no means goes back to the history of primitive Christianity." (Pope St. Pius X, This proposition was condemned in "Lamentabili", 1907 A.D.)

"Can. 889 §1 Every baptized person not yet confirmed and only such a person is capable of receiving confirmation. §2 To receive confirmation licitly outside the danger of death requires that a person who has the use of reason be suitably instructed, properly disposed, and able to renew the baptismal promises." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"If any one saith, that the confirmation of those who have been baptized is an idle ceremony, and not rather a true and proper sacrament; or that of old it was nothing more than a kind of catechism, whereby they who were near adolescence gave an account of their faith in the face of the Church; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)

"Though he who is baptized is made a member of the Church, nevertheless he is not yet enrolled as a Christian soldier. And therefore he is brought to the bishop, as to the commander of the army, by one who is already enrolled as a Christian soldier." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"The bishop...after pouring oil and laying his hand on his head shall say: I anoint thee with the holy oil in God the Father Almighty and Christ Jesus and the Holy Ghost. And sealing him on the forehead, he shall give him the kiss of peace and say: The Lord be with you. And He who has been sealed shall say: And with thy spirit." (St. Hippolytus, 3rd century A.D.)

"Can. 880 §1 The sacrament of confirmation is conferred by anointing with chrism on the forehead in a laying on of hands, and by the words prescribed in the approved liturgical books. §2 The chrism to be used in the sacrament of confirmation must have been consecrated by a Bishop, even when the sacrament is administered by a priest." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"[A]ll the sacraments are in some way necessary for salvation: but some, so that there is no salvation without them; some as conducing to the perfection of salvation; and thus it is that Confirmation is necessary for salvation: although salvation is possible without it, provided it be not omitted out of contempt." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Can. 883 The following have, by law, the faculty to administer confirmation: 1° within the confines of their jurisdiction, those who in law are equivalent to a diocesan Bishop; 2° in respect of the person to be confirmed, the priest who by virtue of his office or by mandate of the diocesan Bishop baptizes an adult or admits a baptized adult into full communion with the Catholic Church; 3° in respect of those in danger of death, the parish priest or indeed any priest." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 895 The names of those confirmed, the minister, the parents, the sponsors and the place and date of the confirmation are to be recorded in the confirmation register of the diocesan curia or, wherever this has been prescribed by the Episcopal Conference or by the diocesan Bishop, in the register to be kept in the parochial archive. The parish priest must notify the parish priest of the place of the baptism that the confirmation was conferred, so that it be recorded in the baptismal register, in accordance with can. 535 §2." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"The imposition of the hands is designated by the anointing of the forehead which by another name is called confirmation, because through it the Holy Spirit is given for an increase (of grace) and strength. Therefore, although a simple priest or presbyter is able to give other anointings, this one, only the highest priest, that is the bishop, ought to confer, because we read concerning the Apostles alone, whose successors the bishops are, that through the imposition of the hands they gave the Holy Spirit [cf. Acts 8:14 ff.]." (Pope Innocent III, "Cum venisset", 1204 A.D.)

"The character of Confirmation, of necessity supposes the baptismal character: so that, in effect, if one who is not baptized were to be confirmed, he would receive nothing, but would have to be confirmed again after receiving Baptism. The reason of this is that, Confirmation is to Baptism as growth to birth... Now it is clear that no one can be brought to perfect age unless he be first born: and in like manner, unless a man be first baptized, he cannot receive the sacrament of Confirmation." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"For the reason, then, that they had already received legitimate and ecclesiastical Baptism, it was not necessary to baptize them again. Rather, that only which was lacking was done by Peter and John; and thus, prayer having been made over them, and hands having been imposed on them, the Holy Spirit was invoked and was poured out upon them. This is even now the practice among us, so that those who are baptized in the Church are then brought to the prelates of the Church; and through our prayer and the imposition of hands, they receive the Holy Spirit and are perfected with the seal of the Lord." (St. Cyprian of Carthage, c. 254 A.D.)

"The sacrament which gives strength to those who are reborn by baptism is for those who would fight for Christ...those who are confirmed are signed with the Cross of Christ... They are sealed with a blend of oil and balsam, called chrism - oil, to symbolize the power of the Holy Ghost...balsam, to symbolize the good odor of those who profess Christ while mixing in the world. We are enrolled by bishops, who are like the leaders in Christ's army: the imposition of hands reminds us that the virtue and strength come from Christ." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Can. 795 In order to be a sponsor it is required that one: 1° Also be confirmed, having obtained the use of reason, and having the intention of fulfilling the role; 2° Not belong to any heretical or schismatic sect, or be under any penalty mentioned in Canon 765, n. 2, or be under a declaratory or condemnatory sentence; 3° Not be the father, mother, or spouse of the one to be confirmed; 4° Be designated by the one being confirmed or the parents or the guardians or, if these are absent or refuse [to name a sponsor], by the minister or the pastor; 5° Physically touch personally or through a procurator the one being confirmed in the very act of confirmation." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"All have to wage the spiritual combat with our invisible enemies. But to fight against visible foes, viz. against the persecutors of the Faith, by confessing Christ's name, belongs to the confirmed, who have already come spiritually to the age of virility, according to 1 John 2:14: 'I write unto you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and you have overcome the wicked one.' And therefore the character of Confirmation is a distinctive sign, not between unbelievers and believers, but between those who are grown up spiritually and those of whom it is written: 'As new-born babes' (1 Peter 2:2)." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Pope Eusebius (Epistola 3 ad Episcopos Tusc.) says: 'The sacrament of the imposition of the hand should be held in great veneration, and can be given by none but the high priests. Nor is it related or known to have been conferred in apostolic times by others than the apostles themselves; nor can it ever be either licitly or validly performed by others than those who stand in their place. And if anyone presume to do otherwise, it must be considered null and void; nor will such a thing ever be counted among the sacraments of the Church.' Therefore it is essential to this sacrament, which is called the sacrament of the imposition of the hand, that it be given by a bishop." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"As we have already observed, the soul, to which spiritual age belongs, is immortal. Wherefore this sacrament should be given to those on the point of death, that they may be seen to be perfect at the resurrection, according to Ephesians 4:13: 'Until we all meet into the unity of faith ... unto the measure of the age of the fullness of Christ.' And hence Hugh of Saint Victor says (De Sacramentis ii), 'It would be altogether hazardous, if anyone happened to go forth from this life without being confirmed': not that such a one would be lost, except perhaps through contempt; but that this would be detrimental to his perfection. And therefore even children dying after Confirmation obtain greater glory, just as here below they receive more grace." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"[A]s appears from its very name, this sacrament is given in order to confirm what it finds already there. And consequently it should not be given to those who are not in a state of grace. For this reason, just as it is not given to the unbaptized, so neither should it be given to the adult sinners, except they be restored by Penance. Wherefore was it decreed in the Council of Orleans (Canon 3) that 'men should come to Confirmation fasting; and should be admonished to confess their sins first, so that being cleansed they may be able to receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.' And then this sacrament perfects the effects of Penance, as of Baptism: because by the grace which he has received in this sacrament, the penitent will obtain fuller remission of his sin." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"And this sacrament of Confirmation is, as it were, the final completion of the sacrament of Baptism; in the sense that by Baptism man is built up into a spiritual dwelling, and is written like a spiritual letter; whereas by the sacrament of Confirmation, like a house already built, he is consecrated as a temple of the Holy Ghost, and as a letter already written, is signed with the sign of the cross. Therefore the conferring of this sacrament is reserved to bishops, who possess supreme power in the Church: just as in the primitive Church, the fullness of the Holy Ghost was given by the apostles, in whose place the bishops stand (Acts 8). Hence Pope Urban I says: 'All the faithful should, after Baptism, receive the Holy Ghost by the imposition of the bishop's hand, that they may become perfect Christians.'" (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"[M]an is spiritually advanced by this sacrament to perfect age. Now the intention of nature is that everyone born corporally, should come to perfect age: yet this is sometimes hindered by reason of the corruptibility of the body, which is forestalled by death. But much more is it God's intention to bring all things to perfection, since nature shares in this intention inasmuch as it reflects Him: hence it is written (Deuteronomy 32:4): 'The works of God are perfect.' Now the soul, to which spiritual birth and perfect spiritual age belong, is immortal; and just as it can in old age attain to spiritual birth, so can it attain to perfect (spiritual) age in youth or childhood; because the various ages of the body do not affect the soul. Therefore this sacrament should be given to all." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"If ever there was a time more demanding the diligence of pastors in explaining the Sacrament of Confirmation, in these days certainly it requires special attention, when there are found in the holy Church of God many by whom this Sacrament is altogether omitted; while very few seek to obtain from it the fruit of divine grace which they should derive from its participation. Lest, therefore, this divine blessing may seem, through their fault, and to their most serious injury, to have been conferred on them in vain, the faithful are to be instructed both on Whitsunday, on which day it is principally administered, and also on such other days as pastors shall deem convenient. Their instructions should so treat the nature, power, and dignity of this Sacrament, that the faithful may understand not only that it is not to be neglected, but that it is to be received with the greatest piety and devotion." (Catechism of the Council of Trent) 

"But in regard to the signing of little children, it is evident that it may not be done by any other than a bishop. For the presbyters, although they are second priests, nevertheless do not possess the crown of the pontificate. That this power of a bishop, however, is due to the bishops alone, so that they either sign or give the Paraclete the Spirit, not only ecclesiastical custom indicates, but also that reading in the Acts of the Apostles which declares that Peter and John were directed to give the Holy Spirit to those already baptized [cf. Acts 8:14-17]. For to presbyters it is permitted to anoint the baptized with chrism whenever they baptize, whether without a bishop or in the presence of a bishop, but (with chrism) that has been consecrated by a bishop; nevertheless (it is) not (allowed) to sign the forehead with the same oil; that is due to the bishops alone when they bestow the Spirit, the Paraclete." (Pope St. Innocent I, 416 A.D.)

"[I]n this sacrament man receives the Holy Ghost for strength in the spiritual combat, that he may bravely confess the Faith of Christ even in face of the enemies of that Faith. Wherefore he is fittingly signed with the sign of the cross on the forehead, with chrism, for two reasons. First, because he is signed with the sign of the cross, as a soldier with the sign of his leader, which should be evident and manifest. Now, the forehead, which is hardly ever covered, is the most conspicuous part of the human body. Wherefore the confirmed is anointed with chrism on the forehead, that he may show publicly that he is a Christian: thus too the apostles after receiving the Holy Ghost showed themselves in public, whereas before they remained hidden in the upper room. Secondly, because man is hindered from freely confessing Christ's name, by two things - by fear and by shame. Now both these things betray themselves principally on the forehead on account of the proximity of the imagination, and because the (vital) spirits mount directly from the heart to the forehead: hence 'those who are ashamed, blush, and those who are afraid, pale' (Ethica Nicomachea iv). And therefore man is signed with chrism, that neither fear nor shame may hinder him from confessing the name of Christ." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"The second sacrament is confirmation; its matter is the chrism prepared from the oil, which signifies the excellence of conscience, and from the balsam, which signifies the fragrance of a good reputation, and is blessed by a bishop. The form is: I sign thee with the sign of the cross and I confirm thee with the chrism of salvation, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. The ordinary minister is a bishop. And although a simple priest has the power in regard to other anointings only a bishop can confer this sacrament, because according to the apostles, whose place the bishops hold, we read that through the imposition of hands they conferred the Holy Spirit, just as the lesson of the Acts of the Apostles reveals: 'Now, when the apostles, who were in Jerusalem, had heard that the Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John. Who, when they were come, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Ghost. For He was not as yet come upon any of them: but they were only baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Then they laid their hands upon them; and they received the Holy Ghost' [Acts 8:14 ff.]. But in the Church confirmation is given in place of this imposition of hands. Nevertheless we read that at one time, by dispensation of the Apostolic See for a reasonable and urgent cause, a simple priest administered this sacrament of confirmation after the chrism had been prepared by the bishop. The effect of this sacrament, because in it the Holy Spirit is given for strength, was thus given to the Apostles on the day of Pentecost, so that the Christian might boldly confess the name of Christ. The one to be confirmed, therefore, must be anointed on the forehead, which is the seat of reverence, so that he may not be ashamed to confess the name of Christ and especially His Cross, which is indeed a 'stumbling block to the Jews and unto the Gentiles foolishness' [cf. 1 Cor. 1:23] according to the Apostle; for which reason one is signed with the sign of the Cross." (Pope Eugenius IV, "Exultate Deo", 1439 A.D.)

Also See: Confirmation (Gen'l. Info.) | Confirmation (Catechism of the Council of Trent) | Praise / Benefits of Confirmation | Baptism / Confirmation | Character Imprinted on the Soul | Confirmation (Topical Scripture) | The Importance of Being Catholic: Combating Religious Indifferentism / No Salvation Outside the Church

Note: Categories are subjective and may overlap. For more items related to this topic, please review all applicable categories. For more 'Reflections' and for Scripture topics, see links below.

Top | Reflectns.: A-Z | Categ. | Scripture: A-Z | Categ. | Help

Praise / Benefits of Confirmation

Also See: Confirmation (Topic Page)

"The Holy Ghost bestows at the font the fullness of innocence; but in Confirmation He confers an increase of grace." (Pope St. Melchiades)

"The water gives us our spiritual birth; the chrism gives us strength; and, until such time as we have received its holy anointing, we have not yet the perfect character of a Christian." (Dom Gueranger)

"In the sacrament of Confirmation we receive the fullness of the Holy Ghost in order to be strengthened" (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"[S]anctifying grace is given not only for the remission of sin, but also for growth and stability in righteousness. And thus is it bestowed in this sacrament." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"This sacrament is given in order to confer a certain excellence, not indeed, like the sacrament of order, of one man over another, but of man in regard to himself: thus the same man, when arrived at maturity, excels himself as he was when a boy." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"In this sacrament...the Holy Ghost is given to the baptized for strength: just as He was given to the apostles on the day of Pentecost, as we read in Acts 2; and just as He was given to the baptized by the imposition of the apostles' hands, as related in Acts 8:17." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"Can. 879 The sacrament of confirmation strengthens the baptized and obliges them more firmly to be witnesses of Christ by word and deed and to spread and defend the faith. It imprints a character, enriches by the gift of the Holy Spirit the baptized continuing on the path of Christian initiation, and binds them more perfectly to the Church." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"To a Christian, strength is salvation; for man's life on earth is a warfare. Glory, then, be to our Risen Jesus, who foreseeing the attacks that would be made against us, has armed us for the battle, and, in this admirable sacrament of confirmation, has given us the divine Spirit, who proceeds from himself and the Father, that we might be strong and invincible!" (Dom Gueranger)

"Such is the importance of the sacrament of confirmation, that until such time as we have received it, we cannot be considered as perfect Christians. It is true that, by virtue of our baptism, we are children of God, members of Christ and his Church; but, as Christians, we are soldiers: we have to confess our faith, sometimes before tyrants, and even to the shedding of our blood; sometimes before the world, whose false seductive maxims are the occasion of so many apostasies; sometimes against Satan and his wicked angels, whose power is so justly feared by the servants of Christ. The seal of the Holy Ghost confers on us a degree of strength which baptism does not give. Baptism made us citizens of the Church; confirmation makes us soldiers of God and of his Christ. Again, it is true that we can fight and conquer with the armor of baptism; such is God's will, who knows that the sacrament which perfects the Christian is oftentimes an impossibility; but, woe to them that neglect to receive the completion of their baptism!" (Dom Gueranger)

"Now it is evident that in the life of the body a certain special perfection consists in man's attaining to the perfect age, and being able to perform the perfect actions of a man: hence the Apostle says (1 Corinthians 13:11): 'When I became a man, I put away the things of a child.' And thence it is that besides the movement of generation whereby man receives life of the body, there is the movement of growth, whereby man is brought to the perfect age. So therefore does man receive spiritual life in Baptism, which is a spiritual regeneration: while in Confirmation man arrives at the perfect age, as it were, of the spiritual life. Hence Pope Melchiades says: 'The Holy Ghost, Who comes down on the waters of Baptism bearing salvation in His flight, bestows at the font, the fullness of innocence; but in Confirmation He confers an increase of grace. In Baptism we are born again unto life; after Baptism we are strengthened.' And therefore it is evident that Confirmation is a special sacrament." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"[J]ust as Baptism is a spiritual regeneration unto Christian life, so also is Confirmation a certain spiritual growth bringing man to perfect spiritual age. But it is evident, from a comparison with the life of the body, that the action which is proper to man immediately after birth, is different from the action which is proper to him when he has come to perfect age. And therefore by the sacrament of Confirmation man is given a spiritual power in respect of sacred actions other than those in respect of which he receives power in Baptism. For in Baptism he receives power to do those things which pertain to his own salvation, forasmuch as he lives to himself: whereas in Confirmation he receives power to do those things which pertain to the spiritual combat with the enemies of the Faith. This is evident from the example of the apostles, who, before they received the fullness of the Holy Ghost, were in the 'upper room ... persevering ... in prayer' (Acts 1:13,14); whereas afterwards they went out and feared not to confess their faith in public, even in the face of the enemies of the Christian Faith." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")

"But not only does [Confirmation] confirm, it also increases (divine grace), as says Melchiades: The Holy Ghost, whose salutary descent upon the waters of Baptism, imparts in the font fullness to the accomplishment of innocence, in Confirmation gives an increase of grace; and not only an increase, but an increase after a wonderful manner. This the Scriptures beautifully express by a metaphor taken from clothing: Stay you in the city, said our Lord and Savior, speaking of this Sacrament, until you be clothed with power from on high... to show the divine efficacy of this Sacrament...it will be sufficient...[to] explain what occurred to the Apostles themselves. So weak and timid were they before, and even at the very time of that Passion, that no sooner was our Lord apprehended, then they instantly fled; and Peter, who had been designated the rock and foundation of the Church, and who had displayed unshaken constancy and exalted magnanimity, terrified at the voice of one weak woman, denied, not just once or twice only, but a third time, that he was a disciple of Jesus Christ; and after the Resurrection they all remained shut up at home for fear of the Jews. But, on the day of Pentecost, so great was the power of the Holy Ghost with which they were all filled that, while they boldly and freely disseminated the Gospel confided to them, not only through Judea, but throughout the world, they thought no greater happiness could await them than that of being accounted worthy to suffer contumely, chains, torments and crucifixion, for the name of Christ." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)

Also See: Confirmation (Gen'l. Info.) | Confirmation (Catechism of the Council of Trent) | Confirmation Basics / Misc. | Baptism / Confirmation | Character Imprinted on the Soul | Confirmation (Topical Scripture)

Note: Categories are subjective and may overlap. For more items related to this topic, please review all applicable categories. For more 'Reflections' and for Scripture topics, see links below.

Top | Reflectns.: A-Z | Categ. | Scripture: A-Z | Categ. | Help


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