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Reflections: Saints Section (Beatification/Canonization)

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Saints Section:

Beatification / Canonization

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Beatification / Canonization



Beatification / Canonization

Note: Various items herein are included for reference purposes only. It should be noted that the canonization process has seen much change under Pope John Paul II (and may be subject to future change). For more information, try here

"Can. 1403 §1 Cases for the canonization of the Servants of God are governed by special pontifical law." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 1187 Only those servants of God may be venerated by public cult who have been numbered by ecclesiastical authority among the Saints or the Blessed." (1983 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2135 A Servant of God equivalently beatified can be granted the same acts of public cult with which those formally beatified are typically honored." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 1999 § 1 Causes for the beatification of the Servants of God and for canonization of the Blesseds are reserved solely to the judgement of the Holy See." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2134 The decree on the fact of the immemorial cult and on the heroicity of virtues or of martyrdom having been given, the Servant of God is considered equivalently beatified if confirmation of his cult has come by decree of the Roman Pontiff." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2084 § 2 The Servant of God whose cause is only introduced cannot be decorated with the title venerable, and postulators shall take care lest on the occasion of the introduction of the cause anything be done that suggests public cult in honor of the Servant of God." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2136 No one can seek from the Sacred Congregation the canonization of anyone or request that anyone be honored with a certain cultic act unless it is first shown that the Servant of God with whom it is concerned has been formally or equivalently listed among the Blesseds." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2023 In the process of beatification, all the Christian faithful, with due regard for the prescription of Canon 2027, § 2, n. 1, are bound, even through they are not called, to bring to the attention of the Church whatever seems to work against the virtue of miracles or martyrdom of the Servant of God." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2125 § 1 For those Servants of God who, after the pontificate of Alexander III and before the time established by the constitution of Urban, had a cult by tolerance, the positive approval of the Roman Pontiff can be petitioned. § 2 For this there is required a process according to the norm of the canons that follow." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"This power, possessed by the Spouse of Christ, of conferring honor on the name and actions of the servants and friends of God, is one of the grandest spectacles out of heaven; for when she holds up a name as worthy of honor, that name becomes immortalized, whether he who bore it were a powerful king or the poorest peasant." (Dom Gueranger) 

"Can. 2138 § 1 For the canonization of Blesseds who were formally beatified, the approval of two miracles is required that occurred after formal beatification. § 2 But for the canonization of those Blesseds who were beatified equivalently, the approval of three miracles is required that have been worked after the equivalent beatification." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2021 An immemorial cult is proven by authentic records that antedate by a period of a hundred years the constitution of [Pope] Urban [VIII] promulgated in the year 1634 or that perdured for a century at publication, provided they contain facts that [it lasted] for at least a hundred years before, together with a popular tradition that was never interrupted." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"If one of these should evince in his life the marks which denote sanctity, and this so far as to deserve to be proposed to the faithful as a model and intercessor, you will not only see the priest whose word calls down the Son of God upon the altar, not only the bishop whose sacred hands wield the pastoral staff, but the very Vicar of Christ, humbly kneeling before the tomb or statue of the Servant of God, how poor or despised soever he or she may have been on earth." (Dom Gueranger)

"Can. 2115 § 1 At the command of the Most Holy One, a decree shall be issued by the Secretary of the Sacred Congregation by which, in the name of the Supreme Pontiff, all of the virtues of the Servant of God are authentically declared to be of heroic grade or the martyrdom well proven: which decree will be published at a time and in a manner prescribed by the Most Holy One. § 2 This decree being published, the Servant of God may be named venerable; but this title, however, brings with it no permission for public cult." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2118 § To prove miracles, two experts are to be included by office at the beginning of the discussion; and if both are in agreement in rejecting a miracle, [the cause] cannot proceed further. § 2 Because most frequently the discussion of miracles concerns a cure from some type of disease, the experts must be well known in medical or surgical fields, indeed, where this can be done, they ought to be selected who are outstanding experts in the diagnosis and cure of the disease with which the proposed miracle is involved." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2104 In the causes of confessors the [following] question must be discussed: whether there is proven the theological virtues of Faith, Hope, Charity both toward God and toward neighbor as well as the cardinal [virtues] of Prudence, Justice, Temperance, and Fortitude, and that these [exist] in a heroic degree in the cause and to what effect they worked; but in causes of martyrs [the question is]: whether the martyrdom and its cause have been shown and what signs, that is, miracles [exist] in the cause and to what effect they worked." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

"Can. 2117 For the beatification of Servants of God, there are required only two miracles, if eyewitnesses in either informative or apostolic process can provide proof of virtues or if the witnesses examined in the apostolic process at least [testify] concerning what they heard from eyewitnesses; three [miracles are required] if the eyewitnesses [were questioned] in the informative process about what they heard from others who were heard in the apostolic process; four [miracles are required] if the virtues were proven in either process only through witnesses who testified from tradition or [who have such knowledge only from] documents." (1917 Code of Canon Law)

Also See: Saint Facts | Communion of the Saints | Honoring & Intercession of the Saints

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