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Catholic Basics: Selected Definitions

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Catholic Basics:

Selected Definitions

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Definitions [K-L]

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 Item

Description

- K -

Kalends

Refers to the first day of the month in the old Roman Calendar.

Keys

May refer to the 'keys to the kingdom of heaven' given by Jesus to St. Peter, the first pope, and his successors (cf. Mt. 16:19). May also refer to the 'power of the keys' (click here for more information). Note: For 'Heaven Cannot Be Entered Without the Keys' Reflections, click here. For information on the papacy, see the Vatican View Section (click here). For information on the priesthood, see the Priests & Vocations Section (click here).

Kingdom of God

Among other things, this term may refer to the Church, to Heaven, or to the "spiritual rule of Christ over men, his supreme sovereignty over princes and peoples" (Catholic Dictionary)

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- L -

Laity

"The laity of the Church are all its members who do not belong to the clerical or to the religious state." (Baltimore Catechism)

Last Rites

Refers to the Sacraments given at death (e.g. Confession, Viaticum, Extreme Unction), as well as a special blessing and prayers said by the priest. Note: For more information on Extreme Unction / Anointing of the Sick, click here. For more information on Viaticum, click here. For more information on Confession / Penance, click here

Last Supper

"The meal taken by Jesus Christ with his disciples on the evening of his betrayal at which he instituted the Blessed Eucharist both as a sacrifice and as a sacrament" (Catholic Dictionary) 

Last Things ("Novissima")

The four last things are: Death, Judgment, Hell, and Heaven.

Latae Sentiae

Refers to a penalty which is automatically incurred upon committing a particular offense.

Latin

The official language of the Church, in use for most of her history. Note: For more information on the Latin language, click here

Latin Mass

A 'shorthand' term generally used to refer to the Traditional Latin Mass, which has been used for most of the history of the Church. The term is sometimes also applied to the Novus Ordo (New Order) Mass of the 1960's when it is said in Latin, the language of its promulgation. Note: For more information on the Traditional Latin Mass, click here

Lauds

Refers to one of the traditional divisions of the Divine Office. Lauds is the second hour, said in the morning, before sunrise.

Lent

"Lent is the forty days before Easter Sunday, during which we do penance, fast [traditionally for a full 40 days] and pray to prepare ourselves for the resurrection of Our Lord; and also to remind us of His own fast of forty days before His Passion." (Baltimore Catechism) Note: For Lent reflections, click here. For more on fasting / abstinence, click here. For traditional Lenten practices, click here.

Limbo

Limbo is a popular term for various places [e.g. where the souls of the just went before Christ's ascension (the Limbo of the Fathers), where the souls of unbaptized children have been believed to go (the Limbo of Children)] 

Litany

"A form of prayer consisting of alternative brief invocations and petitions in two parts, said or sung antiphonally between priest, deacon, or cantors, and people." (Catholic Dictionary) Only certain litanies have been approved for public recitation. Note: Click here for some litanies (Prayers & Devotions Section)

Liturgy of the Hours

"The Church's official prayer outside of Mass." Also See "Divine Office"

Lord's Prayer

Refers to the Our Father prayer (in Latin, the "Pater Noster") as given by Jesus in Holy Scripture. For text of the Our Father prayer, click here. Note: For 'The Lord's Prayer' Reflections, click here. 

Love

"To love is to will the good of another". Also see "Charity". Note: For love / charity reflections, click here. 

Lust

"Lust is an excessive desire for the sinful pleasures forbidden by the Sixth Commandment." (Baltimore Catechism)

"[Lust is a] love of the pleasures that are contrary to purity." (Catechism of the Cure de Ars)

Lust is one of the seven deadly sins. Note: For more information on deadly sins, try here

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