/ youthful / young
When Noah woke up from his drunkenness and learned what his youngest son had done to him, he said:
"Cursed be Caanan! The lowest of slaves shall he be to his brothers."
Since Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar, he and his two daughters went up from Zoar and settled in the hill country, where he lived with his two daughters in a cave. The older one said to the younger: "Our father is getting old, and there is not a man on earth to unite with us as was the custom everywhere."
"When I came to the spring today, I prayed: 'LORD, God of my master Abraham, may it be your will to make successful the errand I am engaged on! While I stand here at the spring, if I say to a young woman who comes out to draw water, Please give me a little water from your jug, and she answers, Not only may you have a drink, but I will give water to your camels,
too - let her be the woman whom the LORD has decided upon for my master's son.'"
I had scarcely finished saying this prayer to myself when Rebekah came out with a jug on her shoulder. After she went down to the spring and drew water, I said to her, 'Please let me have a drink.' She quickly lowered the jug she was carrying and said, 'Take a drink, and let me bring water for your camels, too.' So I drank, and she watered the camels also.
Isaac entreated the LORD on behalf of his wife, since she was sterile. The LORD heard his entreaty, and Rebekah became pregnant. But the children in her womb jostled each other so much that she exclaimed, "If this is to be so, what good will it do me!" She went to consult the LORD, and he answered her:
"Two nations are in your womb, two peoples are quarreling while still within you;
But one shall surpass the other, and the older shall serve the younger." When the time of her delivery came, there were twins in her womb.
"It is not the custom in our country," Laban replied,
"to marry off a younger daughter before an older one." [GEN
Whenever your father said, 'The speckled animals shall be your
wages,' the entire flock would bear speckled young; whenever he
said, 'The streaked animals shall be your wages,' the entire flock
would bear streaked young. [GEN 31:8]
There with us was a
Hebrew youth, a slave of the chief told him our dreams, he
interpreted them for us and explained for each of us the meaning
of his dream. [GEN 41:12]
"We your servants," they said, "were twelve
brothers, sons of a certain man in Canaan; but the youngest one is
at present with our father, and the other one is gone." [GEN
This is how you shall be tested: unless your youngest brother
comes here, I swear by the life of Pharaoh that you shall not
leave here. [GEN 42:15]
When Joseph's eye fell on his full brother Benjamin, he asked,
"Is this your youngest brother, of whom you told me?"
Then he said to him, "May God be gracious to you, my
boy!" [GEN 43:29]
But Israel, crossing his hands, put out his right hand and laid
it on the head of Ephraim, although he was the younger, and his
left hand on the head of Manasseh, although he was the first-born.
But his father resisted. "I know it, son," he said,
"I know. That one too shall become a tribe, and he too shall
be great. Nevertheless, his younger brother shall surpass him, and
his descendants shall become a multitude of nations." [GEN
"Young and old must go with us," Moses answered,
"our sons and daughters as well as our flocks and herds must
accompany us. That is what a feast of the LORD means to us."
Joshua, son of Nun, who from his youth had been Moses' aide, said, "Moses, my lord, stop them." But Moses answered him, "Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the people of the LORD were prophets! Would that the LORD might bestow his spirit on them all!"
"The LORD will raise up against you a nation from afar, from the end of the earth, that swoops down like an eagle, a nation whose tongue you do not understand, a nation of stern visage, that shows neither respect for the aged nor pity for the young."
But when the Israelites cried out to the LORD, he raised up for
them a savior, Othniel, son of Caleb's younger brother Kenaz, who
rescued them. [JUDG 3:9]
He captured a young man of Succoth, who upon being questioned
listed for him the seventy-seven princes and elders of Succoth. [JUDG
His father also went down to the woman, and Samson gave a
banquet there, since it was customary for the young men to do
this. [JUDG 14:10]
Micah said to him, "Where do you come from?" He answered him, "I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, and am on my way to find some other place of residence." "Stay with me," Micah said to him. "Be father and priest to me, and I will give you ten silver shekels a year, a set of garments, and your food." So the young Levite decided to stay with the man, to whom he became as one of his own sons.
Boaz said to Ruth, "Listen, my daughter! Do not go to glean in anyone else's field; you are not to leave here. Stay here with my women servants. Watch to see which field is to be harvested, and follow them; I have commanded the young men to do you no harm. When you are thirsty, you may go and drink from the vessels the young men have filled."
He said, "May the LORD bless you, my daughter! You have
been even more loyal now than before in not going after the young
men, whether poor or rich." [RUTH 3:10]
Thus the young men sinned grievously in the presence of the
LORD; they treated the offerings to the LORD with disdain. [1SAM
The LORD favored Hannah so that she conceived and gave birth to
three more sons and two daughters, while young Samuel grew up in
the service of the LORD. [1SAM 2:21]
Meanwhile, young Samuel was growing in stature and in worth in
the estimation of the LORD and of men. [1SAM 2:26]
The LORD called Samuel again, for the third time. Getting up and going to Eli, he said, "Here I am. You called me." Then Eli understood that the LORD was calling the youth. So he said to Samuel, "Go to sleep, and if you are called, reply, 'Speak, LORD, for your servant is listening.'" When Samuel went to sleep in his place, the LORD came and revealed his presence, calling out as before, "Samuel, Samuel!" Samuel answered, "Speak, for your servant is listening." The LORD said to Samuel: "I am about to do something in Israel that will cause the ears of everyone who hears it to ring."
He had a son named Saul, who was a handsome young man. There
was no other Israelite handsomer than Saul; he stood head and
shoulders above the people. [1SAM 9:2]
Samuel addressed all Israel: "I have granted your request in every respect," he said. "I have set a king over you and now the king is your leader. As for me, I am old and gray, and have sons among you. I have lived with you from my youth to the present day."
As they came, he looked at Eliab and thought, "Surely the LORD'S anointed is here before him." But the LORD said to Samuel: "Do not judge from his appearance or from his lofty stature, because I have rejected him. Not as man sees does God see, because man sees the appearance but the LORD looks into the heart." Then Jesse called Abinadab and presented him before Samuel, who said, "The Lord has not chosen him." Next Jesse presented Shammah, but Samuel said, "The LORD has not chosen this one either." In the same way Jesse presented seven sons before Samuel, but Samuel said to Jesse, "The LORD has not chosen any one of these." Then Samuel asked Jesse, "Are these all the sons you have?" Jesse replied, "There is still the youngest, who is tending the
sheep..." Jesse sent and had the young man brought to them. He was ruddy, a youth handsome to behold and making a splendid appearance. The LORD said, "There-anoint him, for this is he!" Then Samuel, with the horn of oil in hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and from that day on, the spirit of the LORD rushed upon David. When Samuel took his leave, he went to Ramah.
[Taken from 1SAM 16:6-13]
Then David spoke to Saul: "Let your majesty not lose courage. I am at your service to go and fight this Philistine." But Saul answered David, "You cannot go up against this Philistine and fight with him, for you are only a youth, while he has been a warrior from his youth." David continued: "The LORD, who delivered me from the claws of the lion and the bear, will also keep me safe from the clutches of this Philistine." Saul answered David, "Go! the LORD will be with you."
With his shield-bearer marching before him, the Philistine also advanced closer and closer to David. When he had sized David up, and seen that he was youthful, and ruddy, and handsome in appearance, he held him in contempt.
When Saul saw David go out to meet the Philistine, he asked his general Abner, "Abner, whose son is that youth?" Abner replied, "As truly as your majesty is alive, I have no idea." And the king said, "Find out whose son the lad is." Saul then asked him, "Whose son are you, young man?" David replied, "I am the son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem."
[Taken from 1SAM 17:55-56,58]
David answered the priest: "We have indeed been segregated
from women as on previous occasions. Whenever I go on a journey,
all the young men are consecrated - even for a secular journey. All
the more so today, when they are consecrated at arms!" [1SAM
But the man replied to Joab: "Even if I already held a
thousand pieces of silver in my two hands, I would not harm the
king's son, for the king charged you and Abishai and Ittai in our
hearing to protect the youth Absalom for his sake." [2SAM 18:12]
O LORD, my God, you have made me, your servant, king to succeed
my father David; but I am a mere youth, not knowing at all how to
act. [1KGS 3:7]
Jeroboam was a man of means, and when Solomon saw that he was
also an industrious young man, he put him in charge of the entire
labor force of the house of Joseph. [1KGS 11:28]
During his reign, Hiel from Bethel rebuilt Jericho. He lost his
first-born son, Abiram, when he laid the foundation, and his
youngest son, Segub, when he set up the gates, as the LORD had
foretold through Joshua, son of Nun. [1KGS 16:34]
Jehu got up and went into the house. Then the young man poured
the oil on his head and said, "Thus says the LORD, the God of
Israel: 'I anoint you king over the people of the LORD, over
Israel.'" [2KGS 9:6]
David then ordered that all the aliens who lived in the land of Israel be brought together, and he appointed them stonecutters to hew out stone blocks for building the house of God. He also laid up large stores of iron to make nails for the doors of the gates, and clamps, together with so much bronze that it could not be weighed, and cedar trees without number. The Sidonians and Tyrians brought great stores of cedar logs to David, who said: "My son Solomon is young and immature; but the house that is to be built for the LORD must be made so magnificent that it will be renowned and glorious in all countries. Therefore I will make preparations for it." Thus before his death David laid up materials in abundance.
King David then said to the whole assembly: "My son
Solomon, whom alone God has chosen, is still young and immature;
the work, however, is great, for this castle is not intended for
man, but for the LORD God." [1CHRON 29:1]
Worthless men, scoundrels, joined him and overcame Rehoboam,
son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and unthinking, and no
match for them. [2CHRON 13:7]
They came up against Judah, invaded it, and carried away all
the wealth found in the king's palace, along with his sons and his
wives; there was left to him only one son, Jehoahaz, his youngest.
Then the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah, his youngest
son, king in his stead, since all the older sons had been slain by
the band that had come into the fort with the Arabs. Thus Ahaziah,
son of Jehoram, reigned as the king of Judah. [2CHRON 22:1]
In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still a youth, he
began to seek after the God of his forefather David, and in his
twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem of the high
places, the sacred poles and the carved and molten images. [2CHRON
"Order the gate of the city opened for me, that I may go
to carry out the business we discussed." So they ordered the
youths to open the gate for her as she requested. [JDTH 10:9]
Not by youths was their mighty one struck down, nor did titans
bring him low, nor huge giants attack him; But Judith, the
daughter of Merari, by the beauty of her countenance disabled him.
He therefore summoned his officers, the nobles, who had been
brought up with him from his youth, to divide his kingdom among
them while he was still alive. [1MACC 1:6]
And Judas Maccabeus, a warrior from his youth, shall be the
leader of your army and direct the war against the nations. [1MACC
Trypho dealt treacherously with the young King Antiochus. He killed him and assumed the kingship in his place, putting on the crown of Asia. Thus he brought much evil on the land.
Simon called his two oldest sons, Judas and John, and said to them: "I and my brothers and my father's house have fought the battles of Israel from our youth until today, and many times we succeeded in saving Israel. I have now grown old, but you, by the mercy of Heaven, have come to man's estate. Take my place and my brother's, and go out and fight for our nation; and may the help of Heaven be with you!"
But he made up his mind in a noble manner, worthy of his years, the dignity of his advanced age, the merited distinction of his gray hair, and of the admirable life he had lived from childhood; and so he declared that above all he would be loyal to the holy laws given by God. He told them to send him at once to the abode of the dead, explaining: "At our age it would be unbecoming to make such a pretense; many young men would think the ninety-year-old Eleazar had gone over to an alien religion. Should I thus dissimulate for the sake of a brief moment of life, they would be led astray by me, while I would bring shame and dishonor on my old age. Even if, for the time being, I avoid the punishment of men, I shall never, whether alive or dead, escape the hands of the Almighty. Therefore, by manfully giving up my life now, I will prove myself worthy of my old age, and I will leave to the young a noble example of how to die willingly and generously for the revered and holy laws." He spoke thus, and went immediately to the instrument of torture. Those who shortly before had been kindly disposed, now became hostile toward him because what he had said seemed to them utter madness. When he was about to die under the blows, he groaned and said: "The Lord in his holy knowledge knows full well that, although I could have escaped death, I am not only enduring terrible pain in my body from this scourging, but also suffering it with joy in my soul because of my devotion to him." This is how he died, leaving in his death a model of courage and an unforgettable example of virtue not only for the young but for the whole nation.
Even the king and his attendants marveled at the young man's
courage, because he regarded his sufferings as nothing. [2MACC
Antiochus, suspecting insult in her words, thought he was being ridiculed. As the youngest brother was still alive, the king appealed to him, not with mere words, but with promises on oath, to make him rich and happy if he would abandon his ancestral customs: he would make him his Friend and entrust him with high office. When the youth paid no attention to him at all, the king appealed to the mother, urging her to advise her boy to save his life. After he had urged her for a long time, she went through the motions of persuading her son. In derision of the cruel tyrant, she leaned over close to her son and said in their native language: "Son, have pity on me, who carried you in my womb for nine months, nursed you for three years, brought you up, educated and supported you to your present age. I beg you, child, to look at the heavens and the earth and see all that is in them; then you will know that God did not make them out of existing things; and in the same way the human race came into existence. Do not be afraid of this executioner, but be worthy of your brothers and accept death, so that in the time of mercy I may receive you again with them." She had scarcely finished speaking when the youth said: "What are you waiting for? I will not obey the king's command. I obey the command of the law given to our forefathers through Moses."
Encouraged by Judas' noble words, which had power to instill
valor and stir young hearts to courage, the Jews determined not to
delay, but to charge gallantly and decide the issue by
hand-to-hand combat with the utmost courage, since their city and
its temple with the sacred vessels were in danger. [2MACC 15:17]
While he was yet speaking, another came and said, "Your sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their eldest brother, when suddenly a great wind came across the desert and smote the four corners of the house. It fell upon the young people and they are dead; and I alone have escaped to tell you." Then Job began to tear his cloak and cut off his hair. He cast himself prostrate upon the ground, and said,
"Naked I came forth from my mother's womb, and naked shall I go back again.
The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD!" In all this Job did not sin, nor did he say anything disrespectful of God.
If anyone can make a case against me, then I shall be silent and die. What are my faults and my sins? My misdeeds and my sins make known to me! Why do you hide your face
and consider me your enemy? Will you harass a wind-driven leaf, or pursue a withered straw? For you draw up bitter indictments against me, and punish in me the faults of my youth.
The young children, too, despise me; when I appear, they speak
against me. [JOB 19:18]
Though his frame is full of youthful vigor, this shall lie with
him in the dust. [JOB 20:11]
But now they hold me in derision who are younger in years than
I; Whose fathers I should have disdained to rank with the dogs of
my flock. [JOB 30:1]
Though like a father God has reared me from my youth, guiding
me even from my mother's womb [Taken from JOB 31:18]
So Elihu, son of Barachel the Buzite, spoke out and said: I am
young and you are very old; therefore I held back and was afraid
to declare to you my knowledge. [JOB 32:6]
Then his flesh shall become soft as a boy's; he shall be again
as in the days of his youth. [JOB 33:25]
The impious in heart lay up anger for themselves; they cry not for help when he enchains them; Therefore they expire in youth, and perish among the reprobate. But he saves the unfortunate through their affliction, and instructs them through distress.
Remember no more the sins of my youth; remember me only in
light of your love. [PS 25:7]
Neither in my youth, nor now in old age have I ever seen the
just abandoned or their children begging bread. [PS 37:25]
You are my hope, Lord; my trust, GOD, from my youth. [PS 71:5]
God, you have taught me from my youth; to this day I proclaim
your wondrous deeds. [PS 71:17]
They ate and were well filled; he gave them what they had craved. But while they still wanted more, and the food was still in their mouths, God's anger attacked them, killed their best warriors, laid low the youth of Israel. In spite of all this they went on sinning, they did not believe in his wonders. [PS 78:29-32]
God heard and grew angry; he rejected Israel completely. He forsook the shrine at Shiloh, the tent where he dwelt with humans. He gave up his might into captivity, his glorious ark into the hands of the foe. God abandoned his people to the sword; he was enraged against his heritage. Fire consumed their young men; their young women heard no wedding songs.
But I cry out to you, LORD; in the morning my prayer comes before you. Why do you reject me, LORD? Why hide your face from me? I am mortally afflicted since youth; lifeless, I suffer your terrible blows. Your wrath has swept over me; your terrors have reduced me to silence.
You cut short the days of his youth, covered him with shame. How long, LORD? Will you stay hidden forever? Must your wrath smolder like fire?
[Taken from PS 89:46-47]
Bless the LORD, my soul; all my being, bless his holy name! Bless the LORD, my soul; do not forget all the gifts of God, Who pardons all your sins, heals all your ills, Delivers your life from the pit, surrounds you with love and compassion, Fills your days with good things; your youth is renewed like the eagle's.
How can the young walk without fault? Only by keeping your
words. [PS 119:9]
Like arrows in the hand of a warrior are the children born in
one's youth. [PS 127:4]
Much have they oppressed me from my youth, now let Israel say. Much have they oppressed me from my youth, yet they have not prevailed. Upon my back the plowers plowed, as they traced their long furrows. But the just LORD cut me free from the ropes of the yoke of the wicked.
May our sons be like plants well nurtured from their youth, Our
daughters, like carved columns, shapely as those of the temple.
Young men and women too, old and young alike. Let them all praise the LORD'S name, for his name alone is exalted, majestic above earth and heaven.
That men may appreciate wisdom and discipline, may understand words of intelligence; May receive training in wise conduct, in what is right, just and honest; That resourcefulness may be imparted to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion. A wise man by hearing them will advance in learning, an intelligent man will gain sound guidance, That he may comprehend proverb and parable, the words of the wise and their riddles. The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; wisdom and instruction fools despise.
My son, if you receive my words and treasure my commands, Turning your ear to wisdom, inclining your heart to understanding; Yes, if you call to intelligence, and to understanding raise your voice; If you seek her like silver, and like hidden treasures search her out: Then will you understand the fear of the LORD; the knowledge of God you will find; For the LORD gives wisdom, from his mouth come knowledge and understanding; For wisdom will enter your heart, knowledge will please your soul, Discretion will watch over you, understanding will guard you; Saving you from the wife of another, from the adulteress with her smooth words, Who forsakes the companion of her youth and forgets the pact with her God; For her path sinks down to death, and her footsteps lead to the shades; None who enter thereon come back again, or gain the paths of life.
And have joy of the wife of your youth, your lovely hind, your graceful doe.
Her love will invigorate you always, through her love you will flourish
continually [Taken from PROV 5:18-19]
For at the window of my house, through my lattice I looked
out - And I saw among the simple ones, I observed among the young men, a youth with no sense, Going along the street near the corner, then walking in the direction of her house - In the twilight, at dusk of day, at the time of the dark of night. And lo! the woman comes to meet him, robed like a harlot, with secret
designs [Taken from PROV 7:6-10]
The glory of young men is their strength, and the dignity of
old men is gray hair. [PROV 20:29]
Better is a poor but wise youth than an old but foolish king
who no longer knows caution [ECCL 4:13]
Rejoice, O young man, while you are young and let your heart be
glad in the days of your youth. Follow the ways of your heart, the
vision of your eyes; Yet understand that as regards all this God
will bring you to judgment. [ECCL 11:9]
Ward off grief from your heart and put away trouble from your
presence, though the dawn of youth is fleeting. [ECCL 11:10]
Remember your Creator in the days of your youth, before the
evil days come And the years approach of which you will say, I
have no pleasure in them [ECCL 12:1]
Yes, the just man dead condemns the sinful who live, and youth
swiftly completed condemns the many years of the wicked man grown
old. [WISDOM 4:16]
[Wisdom] I loved and sought after from my youth; I sought to
take her for my bride and was enamored of her beauty. [Taken from
So I determined to take [wisdom] to live with me, knowing that she would be my counselor while all was well, and my comfort in care and grief. For her sake I should have glory among the masses, and esteem from the elders, though I be but a youth. [Taken from WISDOM
My son, from your youth embrace discipline; thus will you find
wisdom with graying hair. [SIRACH 6:18]
He who fears the LORD will do this; he who is practiced in the law will come to wisdom. Motherlike she will meet him, like a young bride she will embrace him, Nourish him with the bread of understanding, and give him the water of learning to drink. He will lean upon her and not fall, he will trust in her and not be put to shame.
What you have not saved in your youth, how will you acquire in
your old age? [SIRACH 25:3]
Give him not his own way in his youth, and close not your eyes to his follies. Bend him to the yoke when he is young, thrash his sides while he is still small,
Lest he become stubborn, disobey you, and leave you disconsolate.
Young man, speak only when necessary, when they have asked you more than once; Be brief, but say much in those few words, be like the wise man, taciturn. When among your elders be not forward, and with officials be not too insistent. Like the lightning that flashes before a storm is the esteem that shines on modesty.
As a youth he slew the giant and wiped out the people's
disgrace, When his hand let fly the slingstone that crushed the
pride of Goliath. [SIRACH 47:4]
Solomon reigned during an era of peace, for God made tranquil all his borders.
He built a house to the name of God, and established a lasting sanctuary. How wise you were when you were young, overflowing with instruction, like the Nile in flood! Your understanding covered the whole earth, and, like a sea, filled it with knowledge. Your fame reached distant coasts, and their peoples came to hear you; With song and story and riddle, and with your answers, you astounded the nations.
When I was young and innocent, I sought wisdom. She came to me in her beauty, and until the end I will cultivate her. As the blossoms yielded to ripening grapes, the heart's joy,
My feet kept to the level path because from earliest youth I was familiar with her.
The leaders of this people mislead them and those to be led are engulfed. For this reason, the Lord does not spare their young men, and their orphans and widows he does not pity; They are wholly profaned and sinful, and every mouth gives vent to folly.
For all this, his wrath is not turned back, his hand is still outstretched! For wickedness burns like fire, devouring brier and thorn;
It kindles the forest thickets, which go up in columns of smoke.
But a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse, and from his roots a bud shall blossom. The spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him: a spirit of wisdom and of understanding,
A spirit of counsel and of strength, a spirit of knowledge and of fear of the LORD, and his delight shall be the fear of the LORD.
Not by appearance shall he judge, nor by hearsay shall he decide, But he shall judge the poor with justice, and decide aright for the land's afflicted.
He shall strike the ruthless with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall slay the wicked. Justice shall be the band around his waist, and faithfulness a belt upon his hips. Then the wolf shall be a guest of the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid;
The calf and the young lion shall browse together, with a little child to guide them. The cow and the bear shall be neighbors, together their young shall rest; the lion shall eat hay like the ox. The baby shall play by the cobra's den, and the child lay his hand on the adder's lair. There shall be no harm or ruin on all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be filled with knowledge of the LORD, as water covers the sea.
He gives strength to the fainting; for the weak he makes vigor abound. Though young men faint and grow weary, and youths stagger and fall, They that hope in the LORD will renew their strength, they will soar as with eagles' wings;
They will run and not grow weary, walk and not grow faint. [ISA
Thus do your wizards serve you with whom you have toiled from
your youth; Each wanders his own way, with none to save you. [ISA
Fear not, you shall not be put to shame; you need not blush, for you shall not be disgraced.
The shame of your youth you shall forget, the reproach of your widowhood no longer remember. For he who has become your husband is your Maker; his name is the LORD of hosts;
Your redeemer is the Holy One of Israel, called God of all the earth. The LORD calls you back, like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit,
A wife married in youth and then cast off, says your God. For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with great tenderness I will take you back.
The smallest shall become a thousand, the youngest, a mighty
nation; I, the LORD, will swiftly accomplish these things when
their time comes. [ISA 60:22]
As a young man marries a virgin, your Builder shall marry you;
And as a bridegroom rejoices in his bride so shall your God
rejoice in you. [ISA 62:5]
No longer shall there be in it an infant who lives but a few
days, or an old man who does not round out his full lifetime; He
dies a mere youth who reaches but a hundred years, and he who
fails of a hundred shall be thought accursed. [ISA 65:20]
The word of the LORD came to me thus: Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I dedicated you, a prophet to the nations I appointed you. "Ah, Lord GOD!" I said, "I know not how to speak; I am too young." But the LORD answered me,
Say not, "I am too young." To whomever I send you, you shall go; whatever I command you, you shall speak. Have no fear before them, because I am with you to deliver you, says the LORD. Then the LORD extended his hand and touched my mouth,
saying, See, I place my words in your mouth! This day I set you over nations and over kingdoms,
To root up and to tear down, to destroy and to demolish, to build and to plant.
This word of the LORD came to me: Go, cry out this message for Jerusalem to hear!
I remember the devotion of your youth, how you loved me as a bride,
Following me in the desert, in a land unsown. Sacred to the LORD was Israel, the first fruits of his harvest;
Should anyone presume to partake of them, evil would befall him, says the LORD.
Even now do you not call me, "My father, you who are the bridegroom of my youth"? "Will he keep his wrath forever, will he hold his grudge to the end?"
This is what you say; yet you do all the evil you can. [JER 3:4-5]
"Let us lie down in our shame, let our disgrace cover us, for we
have sinned against the LORD, our God, From our youth to this day,
we and our fathers also; we listened not to the voice of the LORD,
our God." [JER 3:25]
"I spoke to you when you were secure, but you answered, 'I
will not listen.' This has been your way from your youth, not
to listen to my voice." [JER 22:21]
I turn in repentance; I have come to myself, I strike my
breast; I blush with shame, I bear the disgrace of my youth. [JER
The Israelites and the Judeans from their youth have done only
what is evil in my eyes; the Israelites did nothing but provoke me
with the works of their hands, says the LORD. [JER 32:30]
It is good for a man to bear the yoke from his youth. [LAM
For thus speaks the Lord GOD: I will deal with you according to what you have done, you who despised your oath, breaking a covenant. Yet I will remember the covenant I made with you when you were a girl, and I will set up an everlasting covenant with you. Then you shall remember your conduct and be ashamed when I take your sisters, those older and younger than you, and give them to you as daughters, even though I am not bound by my covenant with you. For I will re-establish my covenant with you, that you may know that I am the LORD, that you may remember and be covered with confusion, and that you may be utterly silenced for shame when I pardon you for all you have done, says the Lord GOD.
The king told Ashpenaz, his chief chamberlain, to bring in some of the Israelites of royal blood and of the nobility, young men without any defect, handsome, intelligent and wise, quick to learn, and prudent in judgment, such as could take their place in the king's palace; they were to be taught the language and literature of the Chaldeans; after three years' training they were to enter the king's service. The king allotted them a daily portion of food and wine from the royal table. Among these were men of Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. The chief chamberlain changed their names: Daniel to Belteshazzar, Hananiah to Shadrach, Mishael to Meshach, and Azariah to Abednego. But Daniel was resolved not to defile himself with the king's food or wine; so he begged the chief
chamberlain to spare him this defilement. Though God had given Daniel the favor and sympathy of the chief chamberlain, he nevertheless said to Daniel, "I am afraid of my lord the king; it is he who allotted your food and drink. If he sees that you look wretched by comparison with the other young men of your age, you will endanger my life with the king." Then Daniel said to the steward whom the chief chamberlain had put in charge of Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, "Please test your servants for ten days. Give us vegetables to eat and water to drink. Then see how we look in comparison with the other young men who eat from the royal table, and treat your servants according to what you see." He acceded to this request, and tested them for ten days; after ten days they looked healthier and better fed than any of the young men who ate from the royal table. So the steward continued to take away the food and wine they were to receive, and gave them vegetables. To these four young men God gave knowledge and proficiency in all literature and science, and to Daniel the understanding of all visions and dreams. At the end of the time the king had specified for their preparation, the chief chamberlain brought them before Nebuchadnezzar. When the king had spoken with all of them, none was found equal to Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; and so they entered the king's service. In any question of wisdom or prudence which the king put to them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his kingdom.
But Susanna cried aloud: "O eternal God, you know what is hidden and are aware of all things before they come to be: you know that they have testified falsely against me. Here I am about to die, though I have done none of the things with which these wicked men have charged me." The Lord heard her prayer. As she was being led to execution, God stirred up the holy spirit of a young boy named Daniel, and he cried aloud: "I will have no part in the death of this woman." All the people turned and asked him, "What is this you are saying?" He stood in their midst and continued, "Are you such fools, O Israelites! To condemn a woman of Israel without examination and without clear evidence? Return to court, for they have testified falsely against
her..." They rose up against the two elders, for by their own words Daniel had convicted them of perjury. According to the law of Moses, they inflicted on them the penalty they had plotted to impose on their neighbor: they put them to death. Thus was innocent blood spared that day. Hilkiah and his wife praised God for their daughter Susanna, as did Joakim her husband and all her relatives, because she was found innocent of any shameful deed. And from that day onward Daniel was greatly esteemed by the people.
Then afterward I will pour out my spirit upon all mankind. Your
sons and daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream
dreams, your young men shall see visions [JOEL 3:1]
I who raised up prophets among your sons, and nazirites among
your young men. Is this not so, O men of Israel? says the LORD.
And you say, "Why is it?" - Because the LORD is witness between you and the wife of your youth,
With whom you have broken faith though she is your companion, your betrothed wife. Did he not make one being, with flesh and spirit: and what does that one require but godly offspring?
You must then safeguard life that is your own, and not break faith with the wife of your youth. For I hate divorce, says the LORD, the God of Israel, And covering one's garment with injustice, says the LORD of hosts;
You must then safeguard life that is your own, and not break faith. You have wearied the LORD with your words, yet you say, "How have we wearied him?"
By your saying, "Every evildoer is good in the sight of the LORD,
And he is pleased with him"; or else, "Where is the just God?"
"Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone
those sent to you, how many times I yearned to gather your
children together, as a hen gathers her young under her wings, but
you were unwilling!" [MT 23:37]
As he was setting out on a journey, a man ran up, knelt down before him, and asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?" Jesus answered him, "Why do you call me good?
No one is good but God alone. You know the commandments: 'You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; you shall not defraud; honor your father and your mother.'" He replied and said to him, "Teacher, all of these I have observed from my youth." Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said to him, "You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell what you have, and give to (the) poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me."
At this they laid hands on him and arrested him. One of the bystanders drew his sword, struck the high priest's servant, and cut off his ear. Jesus said to them in reply, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs, to seize me? Day after day I was with you teaching in the temple area, yet you did not arrest me; but that the scriptures may be fulfilled." And they all left him and fled. Now a young man followed him wearing nothing but a linen cloth about his body. They seized him, but he left the cloth behind and ran off naked.
Very early when the sun had risen, on the first day of the
week, they came to the tomb. They were saying to one another,
"Who will roll back the stone for us from the entrance to the
tomb?" When they looked up, they saw that the stone had been
rolled back; it was very large. On entering the tomb they saw a
young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a white robe, and
they were utterly amazed. He said to them, "Do not be amazed!
You seek Jesus of Nazareth, the crucified. He has been raised; he
is not here. Behold the place where they laid him." [MK
Soon afterward he journeyed to a city called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd accompanied him. As he drew near to the gate of the city, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. A large crowd from the city was with her. When the Lord saw her, he was moved with pity for her and said to her, "Do not weep." He stepped forward and touched the coffin; at this the bearers halted, and he said, "Young man, I tell you, arise!" The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother.
Then he said, "A man had two sons, and the younger son
said to his father, 'Father, give me the share of your estate that
should come to me.' So the father divided the property between
them. After a few days, the younger son collected all his
belongings and set off to a distant country where he squandered
his inheritance on a life of dissipation. When he had freely spent
everything, a severe famine struck that country, and he found
himself in dire need. Coming to his senses he thought, 'How many
of my father's hired workers have more than enough food to eat,
but here am I, dying from hunger. I shall get up and go to my
father and I shall say to him, "Father, I have sinned against
heaven and against you. I no longer deserve to be called your son;
treat me as you would treat one of your hired workers."' So
he got up and went back to his father. While he was still a long
way off, his father caught sight of him, and was filled with
compassion. He ran to his son, embraced him and kissed him. His
son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against
you; I no longer deserve to be called your son.' But his father
ordered his servants, 'Quickly bring the finest robe and put it on
him; put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet...Then let
us celebrate with a feast, because this son of mine was dead, and
has come to life again; he was lost, and has been found.' Then the
celebration began. Now the older son had been out in the field
and, on his way back, as he neared the house, he heard the sound
of music and dancing. He became angry, and when he refused to
enter the house, his father came out and pleaded with him. He said
to him, 'My son, you are here with me always; everything I have is
yours. But now we must celebrate and rejoice, because your brother
was dead and has come to life again; he was lost and has been
found.'" [Taken from LK 15:11-14, 17-25, 28, 31-32]
Then an argument broke out among them about which of them should be regarded as the greatest. He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as 'Benefactors'; but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant."
"Amen, amen, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to
dress yourself and go where you wanted; but when you grow old, you
will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and
lead you where you do not want to go." [JN 21:18]
'It will come to pass in the last days,' God says, 'that I will
pour out a portion of my spirit upon all flesh. Your sons and your
daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, your
old men shall dream dreams'. [ACTS 2:17]
When they heard this, they were infuriated, and they ground their teeth at him. But he, filled with the
Holy Spirit, looked up intently to heaven and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand of
God, and he said, "Behold, I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God." But they cried out in a loud voice, covered their ears, and rushed upon him together. They threw him out of the city, and began to stone him. The witnesses laid down their cloaks at the feet of a young man named Saul. As they were stoning Stephen, he called out, "Lord Jesus, receive my
spirit." [ACTS 7:54-59]
On the first day of the week when we gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to them because he was going to leave on the next day, and he kept on speaking until midnight. There were many lamps in the upstairs room where we were gathered, and a young man named Eutychus who was sitting on the window sill was sinking into a deep sleep as Paul talked on and on. Once overcome by sleep, he fell down from the third story and when he was picked up, he was dead. Paul went down,
threw himself upon him, and said as he embraced him, "Don't be alarmed; there is life in him." Then he returned upstairs, broke the bread, and ate; after a long conversation that lasted until daybreak, he departed. And they took the boy away alive and were immeasurably comforted.
My manner of living from my youth, a life spent from the
beginning among my people and in Jerusalem, all (the) Jews know.
And not only that, but also when Rebecca had conceived children by one husband, our father Isaac
- before they had yet been born or had done anything, good or bad, in order that God's elective plan might continue, not by works but by his
call - she was told, "The older shall serve the younger."
Let no one have contempt for your youth, but set an example for
those who believe, in speech, conduct, love, faith, and purity.
Do not rebuke an older man, but appeal to him as a father.
Treat younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger
women as sisters with complete purity. [1TM 5:1-2]
But exclude younger widows, for when their sensuality estranges them from Christ, they want to marry and will incur condemnation for breaking their first pledge. And furthermore, they learn to be idlers, going about from house to house, and not only idlers but gossips and busybodies as well, talking about things that ought not to be mentioned. So I would like younger widows to marry, have children, and manage a home, so as to give the adversary no pretext for maligning us.
So turn from youthful desires and pursue righteousness, faith,
love, and peace, along with those who call on the Lord with
purity of heart. [2TM 2:22]
Similarly, older women should be reverent in their behavior, not slanderers, not addicted to drink, teaching what is good, so that they may train younger women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled, chaste, good homemakers, under the control of their husbands, so that the word of God may not be discredited. Urge the younger men, similarly, to control themselves, showing yourself as a model of good deeds in every respect, with integrity in your teaching, dignity, and sound speech that cannot be criticized, so that the opponent will be put to shame without anything bad to say about us.
Likewise, you younger members, be subject to the presbyters.
And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility in your dealings
with one another, for: "God opposes the proud but bestows
favor on the humble." [1PT 5:5]
I am writing to you, children, because your sins have been forgiven for his name's
sake. I am writing to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have conquered the evil one. I write to you, children, because you know the Father. I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong and the word of God remains in you, and you have conquered the evil one. Do not love the world or the things of the world.
If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, sensual lust,
enticement for the eyes, and a pretentious life, is not from the Father but is from the world. Yet the world and its enticement are passing away. But whoever does the will of God remains forever. Children, it is the last hour;
and just as you heard that the antichrist was coming, so now many antichrists have appeared. Thus we know this is the last hour. They went out from us, but they were not really of our number;
if they had been, they would have remained with us. Their desertion shows that none of them was of our number.
/ babies [B]
/ children [C3a]
/ parents [P2]
/ obedience [O1]
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