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The Popes: St. Peter-Present (Alpha/Detail) (7)

Ret. to Pope List (A-Z, Detailed) | The Popes | Vatican View

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The Popes: From St. Peter to Present (Cont.)

Sources: Various  |  Last update: 5/31/05

Important Notice: Not an official listing. May include approximations. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein. Use of site is subject to our terms of use. For more terms information, see below and click here


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M - N

Supreme Pontiff

Detail 

(dates*, ages, prior name, feast, comment/attributes, etc.)

St. Marcellinus [29]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: June 30, 296

End of Reign: October 25, 304

Date of Death: October 25, 304

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 8 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 26

 

Martyr; Has been accused of initially buckling during persecution (this charge has been considered calumnious). 

St. Marcellus I [30]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 308

End of Reign: c 309

Date of Death: c. 309

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 1 year

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): January 16

 

Due to persecutions, Marcellus was not elected until years after Marcellinus' death. Marcellus dealt strictly with lapsi (those who had succumbed under persecution) and died in exile.

Marcellus II [223]

Birth Date: May 6, 1501

Beginning of Reign: April 9, 1555

End of Reign: May 1, 1555

Date of Death: May 1, 1555

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 54

Lived to Approx. Age: 54

Approx. Length of Reign: 22 days

Prior Name (if different): Marcello Cervini

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Like Adrian VI, he retained his baptismal name. He engaged in administrative reform, but died in a matter of days.

Marinus I (Martin II, Martinus II) [109]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: December 16, 882

End of Reign: May 15, 884

Date of Death: May 15, 884

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 17 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Pardoned bishops condemned by John VIII. Settled a dispute over a newly founded monastery. Maintained good relations with England.

Marinus II (Martin III, Martinus III) [129]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: October 30, 942

End of Reign: May 946

Date of Death: May 946

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 3.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Supported monasteries. Charged with never acting without the sovereign ruler's (Alberic's) permission.

St. Mark (Marcus) [34]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: January 18, 336

End of Reign: October 7, 336

Date of Death: October 7, 336

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Almost 9 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): October 7

 

Credited with giving the use of the pallium & right to consecrate the pope to the Bishops of Ostia, built churches (San Marco and Santa Balbina).

St. Martin I [74]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: July 649

End of Reign: June 17, 653

Date of Death: September 16, 655

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 4 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 13 (November 12, Trad.)

 

Was consecrated without imperial confirmation. Boldly defended orthodoxy. Was charged with sedition and, although already bedridden, was tried, persecuted, and mistreated. He was deposed and exiled and died in exile. Sadly, he was abandoned by the Church and a new successor was elected before he had died. Has been considered the last martyred pope to date.

Martin IV [190]

Birth Date: c. 1210/1220

Beginning of Reign: February 22, 1281

End of Reign: March 28, 1285

Date of Death: March 28, 1285

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 61-71

Lived to Approx. Age: 65-75

Approx. Length of Reign: Just over 4 years

Prior Name (if different): Simon de Brie

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Resided outside of Rome. Terminated efforts at a peaceful union of the Greek Church. Reversed his predecessor's political policies. 

Martin V [207]

Birth Date: 1368

Beginning of Reign: November 11, 1417

End of Reign: February 20, 1431

Date of Death: February 20, 1431

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 49

Lived to Approx. Age: 63

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 13 years

Prior Name (if different): Oddo Colonna

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Elected in a unique conclave, his elevation to the papacy effectively ended the Great Schism of the West. Martin asserted papal authority (including over councils), reconstructed the Curia, and reestablished order in the Papal State.

St. Miltiades (Melchiades) [32]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: July 2, 311

End of Reign: January 10, 314

Date of Death: January 10, 314

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): December 10

 

Persecution of Christians ended by Constantine under Miltiades' reign. Received the Lateran Palace (which became the papal residence) along with other gifts from Constantine. First papacy to enjoy government support.

St. Nicholas I [106]

Birth Date: c. 820

Beginning of Reign: April 24, 858

End of Reign: November 13, 867

Date of Death: November 13, 867

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 38

Lived to Approx. Age: 47

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): November 13

 

Maintained and boldly asserted his papal primacy. Remained firm against repeated attempts at coercion. Defended the sanctity of marriage. Encouraged missionary work. The schism between the East and West may be dated from his pontificate. He is often called St. Nicholas "the Great".

Nicholas II [156]

Birth Date: c. 1010

Beginning of Reign: December 6, 1058

End of Reign: July, 1061

Date of Death: July, 1061

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 48

Lived to Approx. Age: 51

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Gerard

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Decreed regarding papal elections. Was threatened by an antipope who was later brought to him and deposed. Condemned simony and prohibited lay investiture.

Nicholas III [189]

Birth Date: c. 1210/1220

Beginning of Reign: November 25, 1277

End of Reign: August 22, 1280

Date of Death: August 22, 1280

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 57-67

Lived to Approx. Age: 60-70

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 3 years

Prior Name (if different): Giovanni Gaetano

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His papacy saw many diplomatic efforts among competing interests in the temporal sphere. Defended the poverty of the Franciscans. Moved the papal residence to the Vatican. Restored St. Peter's. Persuaded the senator of Rome to resign after completion of his term in office. Effectively enlarged the papal state.

Nicholas IV [192]

Birth Date: September 30, 1227

Beginning of Reign: February 22, 1288

End of Reign: April 4, 1292

Date of Death: April 4, 1292

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 61

Lived to Approx. Age: 65

Approx. Length of Reign: Just over 4 years

Prior Name (if different): Girolamo Masci

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

First Franciscan pope. Sought to protect the papal state. Sent missionaries to China and elsewhere. Embellished churches.

Nicholas V [209]

Birth Date: November 15, 1397

Beginning of Reign: March 6, 1447

End of Reign: March 24, 1455

Date of Death: March 24, 1455

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 50

Lived to Approx. Age: 58

Approx. Length of Reign: Just over 8 years

Prior Name (if different): Tommaso Parentucelli

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Restored order in Rome, crowned the emperor, patronized artists, architects, and scholars, and had Greek manuscripts translated into Latin. He has been considered the founder of the Vatican Library.

Top | The Popes

* All dates A.D.

Continued on Next Page


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