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The Popes: St. Peter-Present (Alpha/Detail)

Vatican View Section | The Popes | What is Papal Infallibility?

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The Popes: From St. Peter to Present

Sources: Various  |  Last update: 2/28/13

Important Notice: Not an official listing. May include approximations. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein. Use of site is subject to our terms of use. For more terms information, see below and click here


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A - B

Supreme Pontiff

Detail 

(dates*, ages, prior name, feast, comment/attributes, etc.)

Adeodatus (II) [77]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: April 11, 672

End of Reign: June 17, 676

Date of Death: June 17, 676

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: "elderly"

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 4 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Was a monk. Defended orthodoxy. Credited with generosity and kindness. Restored churches and other buildings.

Adrian (Hadrian) I [96]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: February 1, 772

End of Reign: December 25, 795

Date of Death: December 25, 795

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 24 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Considered an exceptionally long and distinguished pontificate. Witnessed the collapse of Lombard kingdom, issued his own coinage, supported the Second Council at Nicaea (temporarily ending iconoclasm), engaged in extensive rebuilding campaign (including churches, the reconstruction of aqueducts, strengthening the embankments of the Tiber, etc.), and aided the poor. Is sometimes called the second founder of the papal state.

Adrian (Hadrian) II [107]

Birth Date: c. 792

Beginning of Reign: December 14, 867

End of Reign: Nov./Dec. 872

Date of Death: Nov./Dec. 872

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 75

Lived to Approx. Age: 80

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He was related to two previous popes and had twice refused the papacy himself. The beginning of his pontificate was marked by the pillaging of Rome. He is sometimes accused of weakness in not firmly upholding an action of St. Nicholas. He did, however, re-crown the emperor and support important missionary works which kept various Slovak peoples as part of the Western Church.

St. Adrian (Hadrian) III [110]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 17, 884

End of Reign: September 885

Date of Death: September 885

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 16 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): July 8

 

His short papacy saw continued feuds over the supposed assassination of John VIII. It has been alleged that the pope ordered the blinding of an enemy of John VIII. Is suspected that he may have been murdered.

Adrian (Hadrian) IV [170]

Birth Date: c. 1100

Beginning of Reign: December 4, 1154

End of Reign: September 1, 1159

Date of Death: September 1, 1159

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 54

Lived to Approx. Age: 59

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 5 years

Prior Name (if different): Nicholas Breakspear

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

First English pope. Defended papal rights, placed Rome under an interdict, conflicted with the German king.

Adrian (Hadrian) V [187]

Birth Date: c. 1205

Beginning of Reign: July 11, 1276

End of Reign: August 18, 1276

Date of Death: August 18, 1276

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 71

Lived to Approx. Age: 71

Approx. Length of Reign: 38 days

Prior Name (if different): Ottobono Fieschi

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Adrian was elected pope in a difficult conclave. After his election, he promised new rules regarding conclaves. He died before being consecrated.

Adrian (Hadrian) VI [219]

Birth Date: March 2, 1459

Beginning of Reign: January 9, 1522

End of Reign: September 14, 1523

Date of Death: September 14, 1523

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 63

Lived to Approx. Age: 64

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 20 months

Prior Name (if different): Adrian Florensz Dedal

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

First pope in years to retain baptismal name. He attempted to reform the papacy, engaged in defense against the Turks, and fought against heresy.

St. Agapitus (Agapetus) I [57]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 13, 535

End of Reign: April 22, 536

Date of Death: April 22, 536

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: "elderly"

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 11 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 22

 

Publicly burned anathema of antipope Dioscorus. Ruled that converted Arians could not hold clerical office.

Agapitus (Agapetus) II [130]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 10, 946

End of Reign: December 955

Date of Death: December 955

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Supported monastic reforms. The term of his papacy is credited with increasing prestige for the Bishopric of Rome. However, he was forced to promise the ruler (on his deathbed) to ensure the ruler's immoral son would succeed him as pope.

St. Agatho [79]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: June 27, 678

End of Reign: January 10, 681

Date of Death: January 10, 681

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): January 10

 

Was a monk. Known for performing miracles. Condemned monothelitism [his council condemned Pope Honorius (see explanation for Pope Honoroius)].

St. Alexander I [6]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 105

End of Reign: c. 115

Date of Death: c. 115

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 10 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): May 3

 

Martyr; Ordered mixing of wine and water at Mass, introduced blessing with holy water combined with salt.

Alexander II [157]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: September 30/October 1, 1061

End of Reign: April 21, 1073

Date of Death: April 21, 1073

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 11.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Anselm of Baggio

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

For years he had to deal with a rival pope (antipope). Condemned simony, forbid lay persons to attend masses celebrated by married priests, supported military campaigns. He is credited with instituting the feast of the Holy Trinity on the Sunday after Pentecost. He eventually clashed with King Henry.

Alexander III [171]

Birth Date: c. 1100/1105

Beginning of Reign: September 7, 1159

End of Reign: August 30, 1181

Date of Death: August 30, 1181

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 54-59

Lived to Approx. Age: 76-81

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 22 years

Prior Name (if different): Orlando (Roland) Bandinelli

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Shortly after election, an antipope was also elected and Alexander was forced to leave Rome. The battle over papal control would last for most of his long pontificate. He called the Third Lateran Council and is credited with effective administration and forming a substantial part of Church law.

Alexander IV [182]

Birth Date: end of 12th century

Beginning of Reign: December 12, 1254

End of Reign: May 25, 1261

Date of Death: May 25, 1261

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: "elderly"

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 6.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Rinaldo

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His papacy saw continued power struggles in the temporal sphere and continued political struggles with the rulers. There were unsuccessful efforts to reunite the Eastern and Western Churches.

Alexander VI [215]

Birth Date: January 1, 1431

Beginning of Reign: August 11, 1492

End of Reign: August 18, 1503

Date of Death: August 18, 1503

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 61

Lived to Approx. Age: 72

Approx. Length of Reign: Just over 11 years

Prior Name (if different): Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (Borgia)

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

"One of the most infamous of all pontiffs." Commissioned Michelangelo, restored Castel Sant' Angelo.

Alexander VII [238]

Birth Date: February 13, 1599

Beginning of Reign: April 7, 1655

End of Reign: May 22, 1667

Date of Death: May 22, 1667

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 56

Lived to Approx. Age: 68

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 12 years

Prior Name (if different): Fabio Chigi

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His papacy saw much political negotiation, the conversion of the Queen of Sweden, debates over Jansenism and Probabilism. Alexander commissioned Bernini to enclose the piazza of St. Peters with colonnades.

Alexander VIII [242]

Birth Date: April 22, 1610

Beginning of Reign: October 6, 1689

End of Reign: February 1, 1691

Date of Death: February 1, 1691

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 79

Lived to Approx. Age: 81

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 16 months

Prior Name (if different): Pietro Ottoboni

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

In his brief pontificate, the elderly pontiff sought rapprochement with France, condemned Jansenism, defended orthodoxy, and reduced taxes.

St. Anacletus (Cletus) [3]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 76

End of Reign: c. 88

Date of Death: c. 88

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 12 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 26

 

Martyr; Divided Rome into parishes. Has been disputed whether Cletus and Anacletus are same person. Anacletus has been placed after Clement I.

St. Anastasius I [39]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: November 27, 399

End of Reign: December 19, 401

Date of Death: December 19, 401

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 2 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): December 19

 

Fought heresy (condemned Origenists and Donatists). Is credited with prescribing standing for Gospel readings.

Anastasius II [50]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: November 24, 496

End of Reign: November 19, 498

Date of Death: November 19, 498

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Just under 2 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Fought against heresy and schism. Attempted to restore peace (for his concessions, he was spoken of critically - including a negative reference in Dante's Divine Comedy).

Anastasius III [121]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. June 911

End of Reign: c. August 913

Date of Death: c. August 913

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

During his reign, the papacy was effectively controlled by the unscrupulous Theophylact and Theodora and Anastasius is believed to have exercised little independent authority.

Anastasius IV [169]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: July 8, 1153

End of Reign: December 3, 1154

Date of Death: December 3, 1154

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: "elderly"

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 17 months

Prior Name (if different): Corrado

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Was elected pope on the day Eugenius died. Considered a peacemaker.

St. Anicetus [11]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 155

End of Reign: c. 166

Date of Death: c. 166

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 11 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 17

 

Martyr; Fought heresy, dealt with Easter date controversy.

St. Anterus [19]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: November 21, 235

End of Reign: January 3, 236

Date of Death: January 3, 236

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: 43 days

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): January 3

 

Martyr; Fought heresy, wrote many epistles. First pope to have a short reign.

Benedict I [62]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: June 2, 575

End of Reign: July 30, 579

Date of Death: July 30, 579

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 4 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His reign saw the most savage phase of the Lombard conquest. He attempted to relieve the starving (due to famine) and made significant appointments (including appointment of the future Gregory the Great).

St. Benedict II [81]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: June 26, 684

End of Reign: May 8, 685

Date of Death: May 8, 685

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 10 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): May 7

 

He is credited with convincing Constantine IV to give up the privilege of confirming a newly elected pope. He restored and refurbished churches.

Benedict III [105]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: September 29, 855

End of Reign: April 17, 858

Date of Death: April 17, 858

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

After a difficult beginning (including imprisonment), he was consecrated pope. Secured peace among the emperor's sons. Did much restoration.

Benedict IV [118]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May/June 900

End of Reign: July/August 903

Date of Death: July/August 903

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 3 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Confirmed acts of Formosus and of John IX, crowned the emperor, saw Rome return to anarchy

Benedict V [133]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 22, 964

End of Reign: June 23 964

Date of Death: July 4, 966

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 1 month

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Known for holiness, he was chosen pope instead of Leo VIII (as the emperor had wanted). The emperor later laid siege to the city and placed Leo back on the papal throne. Benedict was deposed on 6/23/964. It is argued that if Leo VIII was a legitimate pope, then Benedict should be reckoned an antipope.

Benedict VI [135]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: January 19, 973

End of Reign: c. July 974

Date of Death: c. July 974

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 1 year

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Supported monastic reform. He was opposed by the powerful Crescentii family (related to the Theophylact family that previously dominated the papacy) and was imprisoned and killed.

Benedict VII [136]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: October 974

End of Reign: July 10, 983

Date of Death: July 10, 983

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Almost 9 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Possibly a member of the Crescentii family. Excommunicated the antipope Boniface VII, condemned simony, promoted monasticism, and assisted persecuted Christians.

Benedict VIII [144]

Birth Date: c. 980

Beginning of Reign: May 17, 1012

End of Reign: April 9, 1024

Date of Death: April 9, 1024

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 32

Lived to Approx. Age: 44

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 12 years

Prior Name (if different): Theophylact

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

A relative of the ruthless (now deceased) Marozia, he was elected due to the powerful Tusculum family. He has been regarded as an astute politician. Condemned simony and clerical marriages, and personally participated in military campaigns.

Benedict IX [146]

Birth Date: c. 1005

Beginning of Reign: October 21, 1032

End of Reign: September 1044

Date of Death: c. 1055/1056

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 27

Lived to Approx. Age: 50-51

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 12 years

Prior Name (if different): Theophylact

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He reigned as pope for three separate periods. Prior to election, he was a layman. He has been considered a competent pontiff, although his personal life has been called scandalous. His first reign ended in exile.

Benedict IX (2nd reign) [148]

Birth Date: c. 1005

Beginning of Reign: March 10, 1045

End of Reign: May 1, 1045

Date of Death: c. 1055/1056

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 40

Lived to Approx. Age: 50-51

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 2 months

Prior Name (if different): Theophylact

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

After resuming his pontificate, he excommunicated Silvester III. Shortly thereafter, he abdicated the papacy in favor of his godfather (he has been charged with selling the papacy to him).

Benedict IX (3rd reign) [151]

Birth Date: c. 1005

Beginning of Reign: November 8, 1047

End of Reign: July 16, 1048

Date of Death: c. 1055/1056

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 42

Lived to Approx. Age: 50-51

Approx. Length of Reign: Just over 8 months

Prior Name (if different): Theophylact

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He once again reclaimed the papal throne, but was again driven out.

Bl. Benedict XI [195]

Birth Date: 1240

Beginning of Reign: October 22, 1303

End of Reign: July 7, 1304

Date of Death: July 7, 1304

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 63

Lived to Approx. Age: 64

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 months

Prior Name (if different): Niccolo Boccasino

Feast Day (if applicable): July 7

 

He took a conciliatory approach, but was unable to make much headway in restoring peace. He died after a short reign.

Benedict XII [198]

Birth Date: c. 1280/1285

Beginning of Reign: December 20, 1334

End of Reign: April 25, 1342

Date of Death: April 25, 1342

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 49-54

Lived to Approx. Age: 57-62

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 7.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Jacques Fournier

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He reformed religious orders, imposing strict observance of their rules, protected orthodoxy, reorganized the curia, and built a papal palace in Avignon. During his papacy, the Hundred Years War between France and England broke out.

Benedict XIII [246]

Birth Date: February 2, 1649

Beginning of Reign: May 29, 1724

End of Reign: February 21, 1730

Date of Death: February 21, 1730

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 75

Lived to Approx. Age: 81

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 5.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Pietro Francesco Orsini

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Reluctant to accept the papacy, Benedict preferred an ascetic life. He condemned luxurious living by clerics, defended orthodoxy, canonized many saints, and continued his pastoral services to his flock. His papacy has been charged with poor administration (due to the individuals he placed in charge of church business).

Benedict XIV [248]

Birth Date: March 31, 1675

Beginning of Reign: August 17, 1740

End of Reign: May 3, 1758

Date of Death: May 3, 1758

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 65

Lived to Approx. Age: 83

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 18 years

Prior Name (if different): Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He encouraged education, agriculture, and trade, strove to improve the clergy, and denounced Freemasonry. He was conciliatory in international dealings. During his papacy, the papal states suffered invasion.

Benedict XV [259]

Birth Date: November 21, 1854

Beginning of Reign: September 3, 1914

End of Reign: January 22, 1922

Date of Death: January 22, 1922

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 60

Lived to Approx. Age: 68

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 7 years

Prior Name (if different): Giacomo Della Chiesa

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His pontificate begin during World War I, of which he attempted to mediate. He offered relief for victims of the war, established diplomatic relations with France, encouraged missions, and promulgated the 1917 Code of Canon Law. The Apparitions of Our Lady of Fatima occurred during his pontificate.

Benedict XVI [266]

Birth Date: April 16, 1927

Beginning of Reign: April 19, 2005

End of Reign: February 28, 2013

Date of Death: N/A

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 78

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 8 years

Prior Name (if different): Joseph (Josef) Alois Ratzinger

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

At age 78, the former Cardinal was elected to the papal throne. During his pontificate, the Holy Father issued the Motu Proprio Summorum Pontificum, which among other things, admitted that the traditional Latin ('Tridentine') Mass was "never abrogated" (and was "always permitted") and stated that both secular and regular priests have the right to celebrate Mass according to the traditional rite without needing permission. He also mandated that the excommunications against the traditionalist bishops consecrated by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre in 1988 be withdrawn. Under his reign, the Holy See reached out to the traditionalist group (SSPX), but reconciliation efforts were ultimately not successful. The Holy Father also made numerous travels, named two new Doctors of the Church, and reached out to Anglicans, allowing them to enter the Catholic Church under special provisions. In 2013, he 'surprised the world' by abdicating the papacy after coming "to the certainty that [his] strengths, due to an advanced age, are no longer suited to an adequate exercise of the Petrine ministry".  [Click here for related article]

St. Boniface I [42]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: December 28/29, 418

End of Reign: September 4, 422

Date of Death: September 4, 422

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 3.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): September 4

 

Fought against Pelagianism, defended papal primacy.

Boniface II [55]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: September 22, 530

End of Reign: October 17, 532

Date of Death: October 17, 532

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 2 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

First Germanic pope. He suffered from a contested election. Was a supporter of the clergy. Attempted to nominate his successor, but later retracted.

Boniface III [66]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: February 19, 607

End of Reign: November 12, 607

Date of Death: November 12, 607

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Forbade (under pain of excommunication) discussion of a successor to the pope until after his death. Promoted papal primacy.

St. Boniface IV [67]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: September 15, 608

End of Reign: May 8, 615

Date of Death: May 8, 615

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 6.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): May 8

 

Like St. Gregory, he converted his house into a monastery and encouraged monasticism. His papacy saw serious famine, plagues, and flooding. He converted the Pantheon (a pagan temple) into a church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and the martyrs.

Boniface V [69]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: December 23, 619

End of Reign: October 25, 625

Date of Death: October 25, 625

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 6 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Protected clerical rights, restricted the handling of relics to priests, confirmed the right of asylum (in church), charitably distributed his personal fortune

Boniface VI [113]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: April 896

End of Reign: April 896

Date of Death: April 896

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 15 days

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

It is believed that his election was forced through and that he had been twice degraded for immorality. He died shortly after election.

Boniface VIII [194]

Birth Date: c. 1235

Beginning of Reign: December 24, 1294

End of Reign: October 11, 1303

Date of Death: October 11, 1303

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 59

Lived to Approx. Age: 68

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 9 years

Prior Name (if different): Benedetto Caetani

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

This forceful pope conflicted with the King of France. Seeking peace, he intervened in various political disputes. He decreed against taxing clergy without papal approval, published a book of Church law, proclaimed first Jubilee ("Holy Year") in 1300, clearly stated that obedience to the pope is necessary for salvation, founded a university at Rome, and catalogued the papal library. He was seized by order of the King of France, dying shortly thereafter.

Boniface IX [204]

Birth Date: c. 1350

Beginning of Reign: November 2, 1389

End of Reign: October 1, 1404

Date of Death: October 1, 1404

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 39

Lived to Approx. Age: 54

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 15 years

Prior Name (if different): Pietro Tomacelli

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Asserted papal authority, gained more control over the papal state, made an offer to the antipope to end the Great Schism of the West. Has been charged with questionable fund raising.

Top | The Popes

* All dates A.D.

Continued on Next Page


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