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The Popes: St. Peter-Present (Alpha/Detail) (6)

Ret. to Pope List (A-Z, Detailed) | The Popes | Vatican View

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The Popes: From St. Peter to Present (Cont.)

Sources: Various  |  Last update: 5/31/05

Important Notice: Not an official listing. May include approximations. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein. Use of site is subject to our terms of use. For more terms information, see below and click here


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K - L

Supreme Pontiff

Detail 

(dates*, ages, prior name, feast, comment/attributes, etc.)

Lando (Landus) [122]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. August 913

End of Reign: c. March 914

Date of Death: c. March 914

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Under 1 year

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

The papacy was still effectively controlled by the unscrupulous Theophylact and Theodora during his reign and they are believed to be behind his election. Little is known of his papacy.

St. Leo I (the Great) [45]

Birth Date: late 4th century

Beginning of Reign: Late 440

End of Reign: November 10, 461

Date of Death: November 10, 461

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 21 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): November 10

 

Doctor of the Church and first pope (of two) to be called "great". Promoted and asserted papal primacy. Personally persuaded Attila the Hun to withdraw from Italy. Known for famous 'Tome' asserting the two natures in Christ.

St. Leo II [80]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: August, 682

End of Reign: June/July, 683

Date of Death: June/July, 683

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 1 year

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): July 3

 

Known for eloquence. He Ratified the Council of Constantinople III, including the condemnation of Pope Honorius (see explanation for Pope Honorius). He concerned himself with sacred music (he was a singer) and assisted the poor.

St. Leo III [97]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: December 26, 795

End of Reign: June 12, 816

Date of Death: June 12, 816

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Nearly 20.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): June 12

 

Rebels attacked and tried (unsuccessfully) to depose him from the papacy. He is thought to have had a miraculous recovery from the attack. He crowned Charlemagne (a historical moment), and was urged to introduce the filioque ("and from the Son") into the Nicene creed. Was an active builder. Had revolters executed.

St. Leo IV [104]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: April 10, 847

End of Reign: July 17, 855

Date of Death: July 17, 855

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 8 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): July 17

 

Did much building and restoring, including construction of the 'Leonine city' to protect St. Peter's. Made other provisions for Rome's defense. Defended papal rights, restored Church disciple, performed miracles, and instituted the observance of the octave of the Assumption.

Leo V [119]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: August 903

End of Reign: September 903

Date of Death: early 904

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 1 month

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

His papacy lasted only about a month before he was overthrown and sent to prison. He was killed shortly thereafter. He is believed to have been a virtuous man.

Leo VI [124]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 928

End of Reign: December 928

Date of Death: December 928

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: "elderly"

Lived to Approx. Age: "old age"

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 7 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Believed to have been elevated to the papacy by the ruthless Marozia and restricted in action, he died after a short time.

Leo VII [127]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: January 3, 936

End of Reign: July 13, 939

Date of Death: July 13, 939

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 3.5 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Thought to have been a monk, he negotiated peace and banned superstitious practices. He forbade the forced conversion of Jews but did not forbid their expulsion. Enjoyed a reputation for sanctity.

Leo VIII [132]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: December 4/6, 963

End of Reign: March 1, 965

Date of Death: March 1, 965

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 15 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Was chosen pope when John XII was questionably deposed. He had been a layman at the time. He was again declared pope after John XII's death. The validity of his pontificate has been questioned.

St. Leo IX [153]

Birth Date: June 21, 1002

Beginning of Reign: February 12, 1049

End of Reign: April 19, 1054

Date of Death: April 19, 1054

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 47

Lived to Approx. Age: 52

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 5 years

Prior Name (if different): Bruno

Feast Day (if applicable): April 19

 

Cousin of the emperor. Condemned clerical marriage and concubinage, simony. Instituted reforms, asserted papal primacy, and defended the Real Presence. Engaged in military campaign which resulted in his capture and imprisonment. His papacy saw the formal break between Rome and Constantinople in 1054 over the condemnation of the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Caerularius (the formal beginning of the "Great Schism" between East and West). Was the first sainted pope in many years.

Leo X [218]

Birth Date: December 11, 1475

Beginning of Reign: March 11, 1513

End of Reign: December 1, 1521

Date of Death: December 1, 1521

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 38

Lived to Approx. Age: 46

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 8.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Giovanni de' Medici

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

This young pontiff closed the Fifth Lateran Council, was a patron to Raphael and the University of Rome, engaged in military maneuvers, decreed a crusade, and condemned Martin Luther. Criticized by Protestants for selling indulgences (Luther's revolt began in 1517).

Leo XI [233]

Birth Date: June 2, 1535

Beginning of Reign: April 1, 1605

End of Reign: April 27, 1605

Date of Death: April 27, 1605

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 70

Lived to Approx. Age: 70

Approx. Length of Reign: 26 days

Prior Name (if different): Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

He attempted to reform conclave procedures and eliminated some taxes. This elderly pontiff died just short of a month after his election.

Leo XII [253]

Birth Date: August 22, 1760

Beginning of Reign: September 28, 1823

End of Reign: February 10, 1829

Date of Death: February 10, 1829

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 63

Lived to Approx. Age: 69

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 5 years

Prior Name (if different): Annibale Sermattei della Genga

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Condemned indifferentism and Freemasonry, encouraged missionary work, fought against errors, and promoted the emancipation of Catholics in England. Has been criticized by Jews for his policies towards them. [As indicated elsewhere, the customary practice of the popes and of the Church in general are far from condoning persecution of the Jews. In fact, the Church has often been their protector and regularly prayed for their conversion. Some actions taken against Jews in the past may have been motivated by fear or by situational factors; the Church, however, staunchly rejects persecution of the Jewish people.]

Leo XIII [257]

Birth Date: March 2, 1810

Beginning of Reign: February 20, 1878

End of Reign: July 20, 1903

Date of Death: July 20, 1903

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 68

Lived to Approx. Age: 93

Approx. Length of Reign: Almost 25.5 years

Prior Name (if different): Gioacchino Vincenzo Pecci

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Nearly seventy years old when elected pope, Leo would enjoy a long reign lasting well into his nineties. He wrote encyclicals on social issues, the Rosary and the Blessed Virgin Mary, condemned Anglican orders as invalid, encouraged Catholic biblical scholarship and science, established a hierarchy in Japan, added dioceses in America and elsewhere, arbitrated between Spain and Germany, and condemned "Americanism", socialism, communism, and Freemasonry.

Liberius [36]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: May 17, 352

End of Reign: September 24, 366

Date of Death: September 24, 366

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 14 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Built basilica in honor of the Blessed Virgin (Santa Maria Maggiore). Was exiled and, under pressure, signed semi-Arian creeds (they could be interpreted in an orthodox manner or heretically) and excommunicated the orthodox St. Athanasius. First pope not canonized. [Note: Infallibility does not apply here as he was forced against his will to sign the creeds and did not intend to bind the Church. Additionally, the creeds may be given an orthodox interpretation. His condemnation of St. Athanasius, a ruling directed against an individual person, is also not an exercise of papal infallibility.]

St. Linus [2]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 67

End of Reign: c. 76

Date of Death: c. 76

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): September 23

 

Martyr; In accordance with St. Paul's instruction in 1 Cor. 11:5 ("But any woman who prays or prophesies with her head unveiled brings shame upon her head...), St. Linus decreed that women's heads must be covered in Church.

St. Lucius I [22]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: June 25, 253

End of Reign: March 5, 254

Date of Death: March 5, 254

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Almost 9 months

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): March 4

 

Martyr; Opposed antipope Novatian, was exiled.

Lucius II [167]

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: March 12, 1144

End of Reign: February 15, 1145

Date of Death: February 15, 1145

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 11 months

Prior Name (if different): Gherardo Caccianemici

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Faced political difficulties and insurgence. He died of combat injuries.

Lucius III [172]

Birth Date: c. 1097/1110

Beginning of Reign: September 1, 1181

End of Reign: November 25, 1185

Date of Death: November 25, 1185

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 71-84

Lived to Approx. Age: 75-88

Approx. Length of Reign: Over 4 years

Prior Name (if different): Ubaldo Allucingoli

Feast Day (if applicable): N/A

 

Spent most of his time outside Rome due to conditions there. Wanted peace. Assisted in formulating a plan against heresy.

Top | The Popes

* All dates A.D.

Continued on Next Page


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