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The Popes: St. Peter to Presnt. (Chron./Detail)

Vatican View Section | The Popes | What is Papal Infallibility?

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The Popes: From St. Peter to Present

Sources: Various  |  Last update: 5/31/05

Important Notice: Not an official listing. May include approximations. We make no guarantees regarding any item herein. Use of site is subject to our terms of use. For more terms information, see below and click here


Click link below or scroll down to view:

1st Century

2nd Century

3rd Century

4th Century

5th Century

6th Century

7th Century

8th Century

9th Century

10th Century

11th Century

12th Century

13th Century

14th Century

15th Century

16th Century

17th Century

18th Century

19th Century

20th Century

21st Century


    

1st Century

Supreme Pontiff

Detail 

(dates*, ages, prior name, feast, comment/attributes, etc.)

1. St. Peter

Birth Date: c. 4

Beginning of Reign: c. 33

End of Reign: c. 64-67

Date of Death: c. 64-67

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: 30

Lived to Approx. Age: 60-63

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 31-34 years

Prior Name (if different): Simon Bar-Jona (Changed by Christ to Cephas/Peter, meaning "Rock")

Feast Day (if applicable): June 29, August 1 (Chains), January 18, February 22 (Chair)

 

Jesus personally instituted the papacy and made St. Peter the first pope ["Jesus said to [St. Peter] in reply, 'Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.'" (Mt. 16:17-19)]. After the resurrection, Jesus confirmed St. Peter's role as head of his Church ["When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, 'Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?' He said to him, 'Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.' He said to him, 'Feed my lambs.' He then said to him a second time, 'Simon, son of John, do you love me?' He said to him, 'Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.' He said to him, 'Tend my sheep.' He said to him the third time, 'Simon, son of John, do you love me?' Peter was distressed that he had said to him a third time, 'Do you love me?' and he said to him, 'Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.' (Jesus) said to him, 'Feed my sheep.'" (Jn. 21:15-17)]. St. Peter was martyred in Rome. [Click here for more Scripture concerning the papacy. Visit the Non-Catholics Section for apologetics concerning the papacy.]

2. St. Linus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 67

End of Reign: c. 76

Date of Death: c. 76

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): September 23

 

Martyr; In accordance with St. Paul's instruction in 1 Cor. 11:5 ("But any woman who prays or prophesies with her head unveiled brings shame upon her head...), St. Linus decreed that women's heads must be covered in Church.

3. St. Anacletus (Cletus)

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 76

End of Reign: c. 88

Date of Death: c. 88

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 12 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 26

 

Martyr; Divided Rome into parishes. Has been disputed whether Cletus and Anacletus are same person. Anacletus has been placed after Clement I.

4. St. Clement I

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 88

End of Reign: c. 97

Date of Death: c. 97

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): November 23

 

Martyr; Wrote famous letter to the Church in Corinth showing Apostolic Succession.

5. St. Evaristus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 97

End of Reign: c. 105

Date of Death: c. 105

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 8 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): October 26

 

Martyr; Issued regulations regarding Christian marriage (marriages are to be witnessed and blessed by a priest).

Top | The Popes

2nd Century

Supreme Pontiff

Detail 

(dates*, ages, prior name, feast, comment/attributes, etc.)

6. St. Alexander I

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 105

End of Reign: c. 115

Date of Death: c. 115

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 10 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): May 3

 

Martyr; Ordered mixing of wine and water at Mass, introduced blessing with holy water combined with salt.

7. St. Sixtus (Xystus) I

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 115

End of Reign: c. 125

Date of Death: c. 125

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 10 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 3

 

Martyr; Ordered that only those in holy orders touch the sacred vessels.

8. St. Telesphorus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 125

End of Reign: c. 136

Date of Death: c. 136

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 11 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): January 5

 

Martyr; Introduced Midnight Mass at Christmas, made Lenten fasting obligatory.

9. St. Hyginus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 136

End of Reign: c. 140

Date of Death: c. 140

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 4 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): January 11

 

Martyr; Fought heresy.

10. St. Pius I

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 140

End of Reign: c. 155

Date of Death: c. 155

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 15 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): July 11

 

Martyr; Ordered forty days penance for priests who allowed any drops of the Precious Blood to fall to the ground during Mass.

11. St. Anicetus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 155

End of Reign: c. 166

Date of Death: c. 166

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 11 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 17

 

Martyr; Fought heresy, dealt with Easter date controversy.

12. St. Soter

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 166

End of Reign: c. 175

Date of Death: c. 175

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 9 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): April 22

 

Martyr; Fought heresy, decreed regarding sanctuary (sanctuary should be reserved to those in holy orders), decreed regarding reception of Maundy Thursday Communion.

13. St. Eleutherius (Eleutherus)

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 175

End of Reign: c. 189

Date of Death: c. 189

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 14 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): May 26

 

Martyr; Fought heresy.

14. St. Victor I

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 189

End of Reign: c. 199

Date of Death: c. 199

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 10 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): July 28

 

Martyr; First African pope, conveyed synods to settle the Easter date controversy (including forceful excommunications to resolve the matter).

15. St. Zephyrinus

Birth Date: N/A

Beginning of Reign: c. 199

End of Reign: 217

Date of Death: 217

Approx. Age at Beginning of Reign: N/A

Lived to Approx. Age: N/A

Approx. Length of Reign: Approx. 18 years

Prior Name (if different):

Feast Day (if applicable): August 26

 

Martyr; Fought heresy. Has been criticized for not issuing condemnation of Modalist heresy.

Top | The Popes

* All dates A.D.

Continued on Next Page


Important Notice: We make no guarantee regarding any item herein. Information and listings herein may not be comprehensive and may include details that are unverifiable, disputed, subjective, etc. All dates / ages / lengths of reign, etc. may be approximates / estimates even if not indicated as such. Ages, lengths of reign, etc. may be rounded and may be based on simple calculations (e.g. based on years). Accomplishments, attributes, martyrdoms, charges, etc. may be disputed. Attributes / accomplishments / charges, etc. are not comprehensive and may not include individual's most important / salient attributes / accomplishments / charges, etc. Numbering of popes may be disputed. Some popes / anti-popes may be unfairly classified / misclassified. Listings are unofficial and are subject to change. Feast days may vary, are subject to change, and may be based on the traditional calendar. Popes indicated with "St." may not be formally canonized. We do not guarantee the accuracy of any item herein. By using this site you agree to all terms. For more terms information, click here.  


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